Statutes

This is the final version of the Articles of Association prepared incorporating the amendments made by the WBSC OCEANIA Interim Executive Committee and to be ratified at the WBSC OCEANIA Congress / Congress on December 2018.

ARTICLE 1. NAME AND FOUNDING PURPOSE

1.1 – The name of this organization shall be the Oceania Baseball Softball Confederation, and hereinafter may sometimes be referred to as “WBSC OCEANIA” or the “Confederation. WBSC Oceania is and shall remain a not-for-profit entity, organized as an Association according to the provisions of Swiss Civil Code, Part One, Title Two, Chapter Two.

1.2 – WBSC OCEANIA has been formed by the Oceania Regional Baseball and Softball Confederations (BCO and OSC) to provide a unified voice and governance for all disciplines of Baseball and Softball (the “sports”) throughout the Oceania Region. The World Baseball and Softball Confederation (WBSC) recognizes and adheres to the Confederation Articles of Association. . The WBSC OCEANIA will supersede the authority of OSC and BCO to govern those sports REGIONALLY and WBSC has replaced the ISF and the IBAF on the list of IFs for core sports as found in the IOC By-Law to Rule 45, 2.1.2.

1.3 – WBSC OCEANIA will remain affiliated with the governing body of WBSC at all times, and will govern within the guidelines as set by the WBSC.

ARTICLE 2. LOCATION

The Oceania headquarters of WBSC OCEANIA shall be located in Melbourne, Australia. The city may be reconfirmed and/or reselected by the WBSC OCEANIA Congress (the “Congress ”) as an agenda item.

ARTICLE 3. DISCRIMINATION

3.1 – WBSC OCEANIA shall not allow any discrimination against National Federations or individuals (competitors, officials, umpires, delegates, and the like) on the grounds of race, national origin, sex, color, religion, sexual orientation, ancestry, disability, or political affiliation.

ARTICLE 4. OBJECTIVES

4.1 – The Objectives of this Confederation shall be as follows:

1) To encourage the development of all types of Baseball and Softball throughout all nations in the Oceania region;

2) To fully comply with the Olympic Charter;

3) To promote clean sport, fight against doping through prevention and education and adhere to the World Anti-doping Code (WADC);

4) To promote and encourage the development of international relations;

5) To adopt, approve, administer, revise, and enforce standard rules and regulations governing competitions in Baseball and Softball in the Oceania region;

6) To organize Oceania and WBSC qualifier Competitions;

7) To ensure that other competitions are sanctioned under, and comply with, these Articles of Association and any relevant Codes. (as defined below at Article 11.1), and are open to eligible National Federations and associate members;

8) To decide any dispute that may arise between, among or involving member National Federations that is referred to WBSC OCEANIA by an interested party, and to provide for the consistent recognition and application of disciplinary actions;

9) To establish, organize and administer training, qualification and development programs for players, administrators, coaches, managers, umpires, scorers and technicians in the Oceania region;

10) To establish, collect or cause to be collected and to approve and maintain statistics, statistical compilations and records of the WBSC OCEANIA for access via the web site and elsewhere;

11) To recognize appropriately the contributions of those involved in Softball and Baseball;

12) To cooperate with the IOC and the Olympic Movement to promote, implement, and achieve these Objectives, and to preserve and guarantee the interests of WBSC and its member National Federations, and to support and maintain the ideals of the Olympic Movement in all aspects of Softball and Baseball in the Oceania region;

13) To carry out such other activities as may be desirable to promote the sports of Softball and Baseball in the Oceania region.

14) Development Plans ( Strategic and Operational) to be submitted to WBSC

ARTICLE 5. LANGUAGE

5.1 – The official language of WBSC OCEANIA shall be English.

ARTICLE 6. MEMBERSHIP

6.1 – The national sports governing bodies governing Baseball and those governing Softball, or a single body jointly governing Baseball and Softball, which meets the requirements as set forth by the WBSC and WBSC OCEANIA , shall be eligible for membership in WBSC OCEANIA as a National Federation if qualified, or such other condition of membership as may be established by the WBSC.

6.2 – The constitution, by-laws or articles of association and rules of a Member must not be in conflict with those of WBSC OCEANIA . Where there is a conflict, the WBSC OCEANIA Articles of Association and Codes shall prevail.

6.3 – Each Member, by accepting membership of WBSC OCEANIA , acknowledges that WBSC OCEANIA regional confederation and is the only recognised body in the Oceania region that governs Baseball and Softball internationally for the region.

6.4 – A National Federation or other Member which governs Baseball and/or Softball in its country, may nevertheless choose to organise itself in the form of separate organisations with responsibility for Softball and for Baseball, so long as the Member gives notice to WBSC OCEANIA of the identity of each such organisation and assumes all ultimate responsibility for the actions of such organisations.

Each national federation may organise itself as either a combined baseball and softball national federation, or a separate national federation for Baseball and for Softball. Each national federation, whether joint or separate, shall provide an organisational structure within its country for the purposes of its own prudential matters and for Competitions, which may or may not be an WBSC OCEANIA Competition.

6.6 – Associate Membership of WBSC OCEANIA is available for self-administered Oceania regional or other major international organisations, other than a National Federation, whose activities or objectives involve the development of the sports of Baseball and/or Softball and whose objectives are similar to, but are not in conflict with, those of WBSC OCEANIA , which organisation applies to and is recognised by WBSC OCEANIA and, if recognised by WBSC OCEANIA , must respect and abide by the WBSC OCEANIA Articles and regulations.

ARTICLE 7. APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP

7.1 – Subject to Article 8.1, eligibility for membership is open to any organization in Oceania that files anapplication, satisfies the criteria for membership, and demonstrates that it is eligible for membership in accordance with the provisions of these Articles of Association. Any WBSC National Federation member shall automatically be recognized by the WBSC OCEANIA upon adoption of these Articles of Association by application with a $100USD membership fee.

7.2 – WBSC OCEANIA shall recognize only one National Federation for Softball and only one National Federation for Baseball, or only one joint National Federation which will govern both Baseball and Softball as the case may be, in a country for which an application is made and approved, the jurisdiction of which shall be limited to the internationally recognized political boundaries of that country.

7.3 – For new Members, an applicant for membership as a National Federation shall submit an application for recognition as a Member, in such form as WBSC OCEANIA may require, which application shall include all supporting documentation and any additional information as is considered necessary or appropriate by WBSC OCEANIA . In addition, an applicant must:

1) be a separate legal entity under the laws of the country in which it is organized;

2) be a charitable, public service, or not-for-profit entity having as its purpose the advancement of Baseball and/or Softball competition and activities within its country, and have the managerial and financial capability to plan and execute its obligations;

3) be recognized by the NOC for its country as the sole national federation for Softball or Baseball (or both, if so organized).

4) acknowledge WBSC OCEANIA as the sole governing body for international Baseball and Softball and as the sanctioning authority for all WBSC OCEANIA Competitions, and comply with the provisions of these Articles of Association and each applicable Code;

AND

5) provide a means for and act as a conduit for all correspondence or communications regarding Oceania Baseball and/or Softball affairs;

6) timely pay such fees, dues, or other financial assessments in full and timely provide such information to WBSC OCEANIA as may be required of member National Federations. The amount of annual membership dues or other financial assessments shall be set by the Committee . Dues must be paid on or before March 31 of each year in US Dollars;

7) not discriminate in its membership policies and is open to any individual who is an athlete, coach, trainer, manager, administrator, official active in Baseball and/or Softball in its country and not subject to a disciplinary action;

8) provide any person over which it may have authority to determine eligibility to compete in Softball and/or Baseball or for membership in its organization, with fair notice and opportunity for a hearing before declaring such person ineligible to participate, or revoking such membership;

9) be governed by a Committee of directors or other such governing Committee whose members are selected without discrimination of any form, except that, in sports where there are separate male and female programs, it provides for representation of both males and females on such Committee of directors or other such governing Committee ;

10) provide and enforce proper procedures for the prompt and equitable resolution of grievances of its members, providing due process in all instances; and

11) be approved by the Executive Committee , and by a majority vote of National Federations, Members of WBSC OCEANIA , present and eligible to vote at the Congress during which such a vote is taken.

7.4 – If an application for membership as a National Federation is not accepted by the Executive Committee or by a Congress under Article 7.3 hereof, the applicant may reapply prior to a subsequent Congress . If the membership is not accepted a second time, then the applicantmay only reapply after allowing at least one regular Congress to pass.

7.5 – An applicant to be a Member from a geographic territory that does not have a recognized National Olympic Committee may be admitted as an Interim Member if it meets all the other criteria of Article 7.3. The Congress , in future, may approve other classes of Member by Special Resolution.

7.6 – An applicant to be an Associate Member of WBSC OCEANIA must be accepted by the Executive Committee or by a Congress under Article 7.3.

ARTICLE 8. RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF MEMBERS

8.1 – A Full Member in Good Standing has the following rights (“Rights”):

1) to use the services of WBSC OCEANIA;

2) to take part in Olympic Competitions and other WBSC and WBSC OCEANIA sanctioned competitions for which they are eligible;

3) to be recognised as the only Softball and/or Baseball National Governing Body of its Country by everybody, including its National Olympic Committee; and

4) to do or engage in any other act to which a Member that is in Good Standing is otherwise entitled to do.

8.2 – All Members are obligated to do the following (“Obligations”):

1) to support WBSC OCEANIA in its efforts to achieve its objectives;

2) to act in accordance with the decisions of WBSC OCEANIA and the Congress ;

3) to pay the annual fee and all other financial obligations;

4) to maintain itself as a Member in Good Standing;

5) to maintain membership of the WBSC and pay all fees that may become due and payable as advised by the WBSC.

ARTICLE 9. DISCIPLINARY ACTIONS AND TERMINATION OF MEMBERSHIP

9.1 – Any Member, member of a Member, or competition participant may be subject to disciplinary action by the Executive Committee:

1) if duties and/or Obligations to WBSC OCEANIA are not fulfilled;

2) or violating the Articles of Association, the Codes, Rules, and/or decisions of the Congress; or

3) for bringing the sport of Baseball or the sport of Softball into disrepute.

9.2 – Possible disciplinary orders include:

1) a warning;

2) a fine;

3) a declaration that a Member is not in Good Standing;

4) suspension;

5) termination of membership; and/or

6) expulsion or exclusion from WBSC OCEANIA Competitions or events.

9.3 – Disciplinary decisions may be imposed by the specifically designated investigative body, which shall be appointed by the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Committee to investigate and decide the issue, pursuant to the protections of these Articles of Association.

9.4 – Any discipline imposed on a competitor or other Person by WBSC OCEANIA, a Member, or a WBSC OCEANIA -recognised body shall be recognised and enforced by all Members across all countries and territories governed by a Member.

9.5 – Before any Member or individual is disciplined, except when the action is merely a warning, the individual or a representative of the Member will be given the right to appear before the designated Committee, either in person or in writing. The Secretary General of WBSC OCEANIA shall inform the respective Person about this right, in writing, in sufficient time to allow the Person to exercise this right. The Person who is the subject of the hearing shall have the right to be represented by counsel. In cases where the integrity of the sport and/or exigent circumstances demand prompt action, a temporary restriction may be put into force before any hearing during which the individual or Member has the opportunity to exercise this right.

9.6 – Disciplinary decisions shall be in force immediately upon the decision being made unless the deciding body rules otherwise.

9.7 – Appeals:

1) Any Person disciplined by a body other than the Executive Committee may appeal the action to the Executive Committee , except in cases involving doping, which may only be appealed as set out below in Article 9.7.;

2) Any appeal must be submitted by the appealing party to the WBSC OCEANIA Office within twenty-one (21) days from the date of receipt of the decision. The person appealing to the Executive Committee shall be given notice and shall have the opportunity to present arguments to the Executive Committee . The Executive Committee shall decide the appeal within sixty (60) days of submission, whether on the written arguments, or following oral arguments if scheduled by the Executive Committee in its discretion.;

3) An individual or Member who has appealed an action and who is dissatisfied by the decision by the Executive Committee may further appeal to the WBSC Lausanne, Switzerland, within twenty-one (21) days from the date of receipt of the decision by the Executive Committee .;

4) n the case of a doping charge or in the case of a Person disciplined by the Executive Committee , any individual who has been disciplined may appeal directly to the WBSC within twenty-one (21) days of the receipt of the decision.;

5) In any matter brought before the WBSC, the WBSC shall have exclusive jurisdiction, including over interlocutory orders, and no other court or tribunal shall have authority to issue interlocutory orders relating to matters before the WBSC. Decisions by the WBSC shall be final and binding, subject only to the provisions of the Swiss Private International Law Act, section 190.

9.8 – A Member’s affiliation to WBSC OCEANIA shall automatically end if the Member no longer exists as a legal entity or if the Member withdraws its affiliation by giving written notice thereof to the WBSC OCEANIA, but terminating the status as a National Federation shall not terminate the Member’s obligations to the WBSC OCEANIA .

9.9 – In any case where a Member affiliation with WBSC OCEANIA ends, no refunds of fees previously paid to WBSC OCEANIA (such as under Article 10) shall be made, and all WBSC OCEANIA property shall be returned and materials indicating that it is a Member shall immediately be returned to WBSC or destroyed.

ARTICLE 10.      FEES, REVENUES AND EXPENSES

10.1 – WBSC OCEANIA shall be empowered to raise funds to the maximum extent permitted by law, and by whatever means proper under these Articles of Association. The income and property of WBSC OCEANIA shall be used towards the fulfilment of the Objectives as determined by the Executive Committee in the proper exercise of its powers, or the management of WBSC OCEANIA under the control of the Executive Committee .

10.3 – The Executive Committee of the WBSC OCEANIA shall be charged with ensuring compliance with this goal.

10.4 – WBSC OCEANIA is liable for its obligations with its assets. Such liability is limited to these assets. The liability of Members is limited to their dues.

ARTICLE 11. ORGANISATION OF WBSC OCEANIA

11.1 –

1) The sport shall be responsible, through the WBSC Oceania ( which shall be constituted by and through the WBSC under theArticles of the WBSC OCEANIA , for the technical rules and competition supervision and organization, and international development, respectively of the sport of Baseball and all its disciplines and the sport of Softball and all its disciplines. The VP for the Baseball and the VP for the Softball will be part of the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Committee

2) The Baseball and Softball VPs are authorized and entitled to raise revenue to benefit their respective disciplines and shall create, manage and control competitions in their respective sports: Provided, however, that any sponsorship or third party contract to be entered into by the WBSC OCEANIA name or logos, or any broadcast agreement to be entered into by the WBSC OCEANIA name or logos shall be submitted to the Executive Committee for its approval. Should the Executive Committee believe that the proposed competition, the proposed sponsorship or third party contract or the proposed broadcasting contract would conflict with other WBSC OCEANIA agreements or would reflect negatively on the WBSC OCEANIA , the Executive Committee may withhold approval for to grant such rights.

11.2 – The following entities are established to govern and administer WBSC OCEANIA:

1) the Congress;

2) the Executive Board; and

3) any Commissions.

ARTICLE 12. THE CONGRESS

12.1 – The Congress is the highest authority of WBSC OCEANIA and shall have the power to decide upon any matters arising in WBSC OCEANIA.

12.2 – The Congress shall consist of the following:

1) up to two (2) delegates for each National Federation in Good Standing who have been appointed by the National Federation and whose credentials are accepted by WBSC OCEANIA (“Accredited Delegates”). A National Federation which governs only baseball or only softball in its country shall have a single delegate; a National Federation which governs both baseball and softball in its country may have up to two (2) delegates, one for each sport. Notice of the appointment of delegates, certified in writing by the National Federation they represent must be lodged with the WBSC OCEANIA Secretary General no less than seven (7) days prior to the opening of the Congress . Each delegate representing a National Federation for Softball and each delegate representing a National Federation for Baseball shall have one vote, provided, however, if a National Federation for both Softball and Baseball is represented by only a single delegate, such delegate shall be entitled to two votes. A Member that is not in Good Standing on the date of the Congress may attend only through a non-voting representative. Accredited Delegates and non-voting representatives shall not be recognized if they are subject to a disciplinary decision that prohibits participation in a Congress. No Accredited Delegate or representative shall represent more than one Member

2) all members of the Executive Committee, without vote;

3) the Immediate Past President (if any), without vote;

4) all other categories of Members, including Associate Members, without vote;

5) all others whose attendance is authorized by the Congress, without vote.

12.3 – The President shall control the conduct of a Congress (“Chair”). Should the President for any reason be unavailable, then one of the Executive Vice Presidents chosen by the Executive Committee shall preside and thereafter alternating between them if the President is again not available, or if no Executive Vice President is available then the Secretary General shall be the Chair, in that order. If no such person is available, the Executive Committee shall elect one among them to serve as Chair.

12.4 – WBSC OCEANIA will convene its inaugural and establishment Congress in 2018 and from thereon will meet for a Congress every second calendar year, in the odd numbered year (commencing in 2019) and at a time and in a place determined by the Executive Committee , save for a Special Congress that shall be convened pursuant to Article 12.10. The Secretary General shall advise the exact date and location of every Congress at least three (3) months prior to the fixed date of the meeting, and the exact date and location of every Special Congress as soon as that Special Congress is validly called in conformance with Article 12.10. The Secretary General shall send an invitation to all Members, together with the agenda for the Congress and any reports as in Article 12.6(c) below and together with all duly submitted motions and applications at least one (1) month prior to the date fixed for the meeting.

12.5 – The Congress has a quorum if more than half of the eligible voting delegates are represented. If within a reasonable period after the designated start time for a Congress the Secretary General has conducted the Roll Call and established that a quorum is not present, then and for that time deliberations may be had but no Motion or resolution shall be adopted. The eligible voting delegates then present, even if not a quorum, may delegate to the Executive Committee any matter to be considered at that Congress for its deliberations and any action other than the election. Any such matter shall be considered and acted upon by the Executive Committee in the same period scheduled for the Congress .

12.6 – Except for the inaugural General Session which will be as set by the Executive Committee, the order of business of the General Session of a Congress shall be:

1)Roll call and declaration of a quorum;

2)Approval of the minutes of the previous Congress;

3)Reports;

4)Approval of new Members;

5)Consideration and approval of bids;

6)Amendments to the Articles of Association, the Codes or Rules;

7)Election of Officers;

8)Consideration whether to take up Motions under Article 12.7;

9)Any other business; and

10)Adjournment.

12.7 – Motions, applications and proposals for alteration of or addition to the Articles of Association or any Rules of WBSC OCEANIA shall be considered only if submitted by a Member or by the Executive Committee . Any proposal for alteration of any Code may only be generated by the responsible Division. All motions, applications, and proposals to be considered by the Congress must reach the Secretary General at least two (2) calendar months prior to the Congress and must appear on the agenda given to the Members in accordance with Article 13.4. On a motion of urgency approved by a two thirds majority of those Members present and voting, the Congress may deal with new proposals not appearing on the agenda.

12.8 – Any alteration of or addition to the Articles of Association agreed upon by the Congress shall become effective immediately unless otherwise determined at the time of such approval. Any alteration of or addition to the Codes or Rules agreed upon by the Congress shall not become effective earlier than two (2) months after the decision has been made.

12.9 – The Codes are the operating documents of the respective Baseball and Softball VPs, and may be amended only by vote at the Executive Committee meeting.

12.10 – A Special Congress may be requested by a petition signed by at least a fifth (1/5) of the current Members in Good Standing, or by the Executive Committee . It shall be summoned by the Secretary General within forty-five (45) days following the appropriate request, to convene no later than ninety (90) days after receipt of the petition or the decision of the Executive Committee. The Secretary General shall provide notice at least thirty (30) days prior to the scheduled start of the Special Congress . Within the same period of time, the Secretary General shall send the Agenda to all the Members, including the location, the time of the first session opening and notification of all the topics to be dealt with which, in any case, will be the only ones on which valid resolutions can be passed. At a Special Congress , Committee and lodging expenses from the day prior to the start of the Congress to the day after its conclusion, for a single Delegate of each member Federation, Association or Organisation of the WBSC present at the Congress throughout the duration of the same shall be at the WBSC’s charge.

ARTICLE 13. THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE

13.1 – The Executive Committee shall be composed of the following:

1) a President;

2) Vice President for Baseball;

3) Vice President for Softball ;

4) Secretary General/Treasurer;

5) Executive Director, without vote;

6) Executive Committee members – four (4)

13.2 – All members of the Executive Committee shall have a vote on matters before the Executive Committee . Decisions of the Executive Committee shall be by simple majority. Voting may be conducted remotely such as by phone, facsimile or other means, including signed circular resolutions and other electronic means.

13.3 – Membership on the Executive Committee shall not render such member personally liable for the debts and obligations of WBSC OCEANIA . WBSC OCEANIA hereby indemnifies each member of the Executive Committee against any liability of that member arising from the discharge of his or her duties whilst acting in good faith and honestly.

13.4 – Athlete Representatives Committee shall be appointed as follows:

1) The Athlete Representatives shall be appointed during an election year by eligible players (which eligibility shall be determined by the Baseball and Softball respectively pursuant to standards which shall have been established by the Executive Committee ) in accordance with such election process and procedure determined by the Baseball and Softball Divisions respectively and which is approved by the Executive Committee . The voting for Athlete Representatives is to be conducted by and within each of the Baseball and Softball Divisions. The term of an Athlete Representative Committee shall be four (4) years with the exception that the term of the first appointed Athlete Representatives will be until the elective Congress in 2021.

2)The Executive Committee Members shall be nominated by the National Federation Members of each of the Executive Committee and elected by the Congress of the WBSC OCEANIA . A National Federation may nominate no more than one person to stand for election for each position/role as an Executive Member to the Executive Committee . The term of a Executive Committee Members position on the Executive Committee shall be four (4) years with the exception that the term of the first elected Executive Members will be until the elective Congress in 2021.

13.6 The members of the Executive Committee shall serve until their successors are elected and take office.

13.7 – The Executive Committee shall have the authority to fill any vacancy which occurs through death or resignation or any other reason of any Member of the Executive Committee , except for Athlete Representatives. Should a vacancy occur in an Athlete Representative position, the Executive Committee shall establish a mechanism, if necessary, for the eligible athletes to elect a replacement. The person elected shall serve until the expiration of the term of office for which the person has been elected.

13.8 – Where an Executive Committee member has been absent from two consecutive meetings without reasons acceptable to the Executive Committee , the Executive Committee shall have the right to declare that such a member has forfeited his position. The Executive Committee according to Article 13.7 may then fill the vacancy.

13.09 – The rights and duties of the Executive Committee shall include the following:

1) to discuss and make decisions on all matters assigned to them by the Congress;

2) to interpret and enforce the Rules of WBSC OCEANIA;

3) To decide and take action on any matter pertaining to the affairs of WBSC OCEANIA;

4) to submit proposals and motions to the Congress;

5) to decide on and publish administrative by-laws, including time and manner of payment of any financial obligations;

6) to decide on and publish regulations for WBSC OCEANIA competitions, promulgated by the sports for submission to the Executive Committee;

7) to decide on WBSC OCEANIA awards;

8) to make decisions in case of emergency;

9) to establish rules of order for the meetings of the Congress , Executive Committee , Commissions, etc., provided that they will not be in conflict with the Articles of Association of WBSC;

10) to determine the dates and sites of WBSC OCEANIA competitions and to organize and control all WBSC OCEANIA competitions;

11) provide a written report of its activities to every Congress;

12) propose or in the proper delegation of its authority cause a Commission to propose amendments to the Articles of Association or a Code or a Rule;

13) monitor, supervise and orient the activities of Commissions;

14) ensure that the decisions of a Congress are timely and properly implemented;

15) review materials to be presented to a Congress and, if required, approve the documents to be presented to the Congress when they are issued under its responsibility or its authority, and issue any recommendations and comments that it deems necessary; and

16) otherwise take all actions as required or necessitated by these Articles of Association and every Code.

13.10 – The Executive Committee is not authorized to make any changes in the Articles of Association, the Codes or Rules.

13.11 – Except for Athlete Representatives, members of the Executive Committee shall not participate or otherwise be involved in WBSC competition as a player, manager, coach, umpire, or scorer

13.12 – The Executive Committee shall operate as follows.

1) The Executive Committee shall meet by teleconference at least four times every calendar year, and at least one every four year during which a Congress is held, may or may not be during the Congress , and a meeting of the Executive Committee may take place in whole or in part via electronic means (a “Meeting”). Unless the Executive Committee shall approve a meeting on short notice (“Extraordinary Meeting”), notice must be given not less than sixty (60) calendar days before a meeting of the Executive Committee , with a request for items or information for the agenda. Any matter to be discussed at a Meeting other than an extraordinary Meeting must be received by the Secretary General at least twenty- one (21) calendar days before the Meeting. The Secretary General shall publish a written notice of such Meeting confirming the date, time, and location of the meeting, and provide agenda items and supporting documentation not less than fourteen (14) calendar days prior to each Meeting. Once a final written notice of a Meeting has been made, the Meeting may only be cancelled by majority vote of the Executive Committee .

2) A quorum of the Committee shall consist of 50% of the persons then holding a position on the Committee . The President shall preside at every Meeting of the Executive Committee , failing which one of Executive Vice Presidents shall preside in his or her place, and then alternating between them for subsequent meetings at which the President may be absent, and in the absence of either Executive Vice President, the Secretary General shall preside, failing which the members of the Executive Committee in attendance shall elect a chair of the meeting.

3) The Secretary General shall take or cause to be taken the minutes of the Meeting of the Executive Committee , provide draft minutes within twenty (20) calendar days after the Meeting and publish them within thirty (30) calendar days to every Member and on the WBSC OCEANIA web site. At every Meeting of the Executive Committee, each member of the Executive Committee shall declare any conflict of interest involving any matter on the agenda or otherwise discussed at the Meeting, which conflict(s) shall be recorded in the minutes. A member of the Executive Committee may, with the prior written consent of the Secretary General, participate in a Meeting not called as a fully electronic meeting of the Executive Committee and be present by telephonic or other means of electronic communication as long as all participants can be clearly heard. A member of the Executive Committee attending a Meeting in this way shall be deemed to be present and this will not count as an absence.

4) No member of the Executive Committee shall attend by or give a proxy to another person and no vote shall be taken by or opinion expressed by proxy. A resolution shall be validly passed if adopted by a majority of members of the Executive Committee present and voting. Unless otherwise agreed by the Meeting of the Executive Committee in question, the minutes of that meeting, in whole or in part, shall be public. If a quorum of members of the Executive Committee is not present at the start of a Meeting of the Executive Committee , that Meeting shall be adjourned until such time as a quorum is established. No business can be conducted or actions taken without a quorum.

5) Notwithstanding the above, a member of the Executive Committee may request that the Executive Committee meet on an expedited basis provided that more than two-thirds of the members agree in writing to hold such a meeting (“Special Committee Meeting”). The procedures in this Article which apply to regular Meetings shall apply to every Special Committee Meeting, but the notice, agenda, and distribution requirements may be waived by vote of the Executive Committee .

ARTICLE 14. OFFICERS

14.1 – The following are the Officers of this Confederation, each holding an office (“Office”) as defined below for a four (4) year term, with the exception that the term of the first elected Officers will be until the Congress 2021

1) The President; (shared role by VPs until 2021)

2) Vice President for Baseball; (current President BCO)

3) Vice President for Softball; (current President OSC)

4) Secretary General, / Treasurer

5) Executive Committee Members – four (4)

14.2 – The VP’s will represent the region at WBSC meetings in the capacity of Continental Vice Presidents.14.2 Officers shall be elected as follows:

1) The President, the Secretary General /Treasurer,, Vice Presidents of Baseball and Softball, shall be elected at a Congress by majority vote of all Accredited Delegates present at that Congress, and shall hold only one Office at a time.

2) The Athlete Representatives (BB/SB) or such other person who may be nominated and appointed by the Executive Committee , and shall assume office on the day that the other Officers assume office.

3) All the Officers, other than the President, Vice Presidents, Secretary General /Treasurer , must be of different nationalities.

14.3 – The election of Officers by the Congress shall be governed by the following procedures.

1) Every Officer to be voted upon by the Congress shall be elected for a period of four (4) years and assume office at the conclusion of the Congress at which elected, with the exception that the Officers elected at the first or inaugural Congress in 2018 shall hold office until the Annual Congress in 2021. A member National Federation can nominate only one (1) candidate for each Officer position, which nomination must be signed by the President/Executive Director/Secretary/Administrator of the National Federation submitting that nomination. Notice of nomination for such an Officer position shall be made in accordance with the criteria for Motions in Article 12.7. The Secretary General shall assemble and deliver the list of candidates to each member National Federation with the Agenda pursuant to Article 12.4.

2) The election of Officers by the Congress shall be in the order of succession: President; VPs (2) and Secretary General/ Treasurer, Executive Committee Members (4) Each Elected Officer shall be elected to that Office by secret ballot. The candidate that receives a majority of the votes cast shall be elected to that Office.

a) If ther is only one (1) candidate for an Office, the candidate is automatically elected.

b) If three or more individuals are candidates for an Office, any candidate that receives a majority of the votes cast shall be declared the winner of that election. If the tally of votes shall not result in a majority for one person, the individual with the lowest number of votes in that round shall be eliminated and voting in subsequent ballots shall continue involving the remaining candidates until one person receives a majority of the votes cast, which person shall be declared the winner.

c) If there is no valid nomination for an Office or if a single nominee does not attain a majority as provided for in Article 14.3(b), nominations for that Office may be made from the floor of the Congress , but an individual may be nominated for an Office only by his or her National Federation. Only an Accredited Delegate shall make such a nomination. There may be more than one such nomination for an Office. Voting shall continue as provided for in this Article until one nominee receives a majority of votes cast, who shall be declared the winner of the election. If no individual receives the required majority of votes cast after exhaustion of the process set out in Article 14.3(b)2, and there are no additional nominations from the floor as provided for in this Article 14.3(c) 2, then the Chair of the Congress shall declare that Office vacant and that Office shall be filled as provided for in Article 13.7.

14.4 – The President may, from timt to time, call persons with knowledge in special areas to attend meeings with the Executie Committee.

14.5 – The following shall govern the removal of an Officer or other member of the Executive Committee.

1) The grounds for the removal of an Officer or other member of the Executive Committee are as follows:

a) failure to properly discharge his or her duties under these Articles of Association;

b) the conviction of a criminal offense or the insolvency, bankruptcy or disqualification to serve as a director of a company of such person;

c) the commission or omission of an act that brings WBSC, Softball or Baseball into disrepute; or

d) the incapacity of the individual involved.

2) The Officer or other members of the Executive Committee subject to removal shall be timely notified of the receipt of any sch motion for removal. The procedural and substantive provisions of Article 9 of the WBSC OCEANIA Articles of Association shall apply to every proceeding for a removal or suspension.

3) In the case of a removal, the provisions for election of individuals in the event of a vacancy shall apply. In the case of a suspension, the individual shall be suspended from all activities as regards his or her Office and may not take part in any activities or deliberations of the Executive Committee , in accordance with the terms of the suspension.

14.6 – The daily operation of the WBSC OCEANIA shall be carried on by the employees of WBSC OCEANIA under the supervision of an Secretary General/Executive Director. The Secretary General/Executive Director’s responsibilities are:

1) To implement, under the supervision of the Presidents, the decisions of the Executive Committee .

2) To ensure that the minutes of the Congress and of the meetings of the Executive Committee, to receive, transmit and file the WBSC’s general correspondence, and to keep the official books containing the records, registrations and certifications, all this under the supervision of the Secretary General.

3) To deal with the administration and accounts related to WBSC OCEANIA ’s financial matters, and to maintain custody the accounting documents, all under the supervision of the Treasurer.

4) To organize the WBSC OCEANIA ’s headquarters, its offices and to hire staff under the supervision of the Executive Committee.

5) To manage all WBSC OCEANIA publications.

6) To organize the Congress and the meetings of the Executive Committee and the Commissions.

7) To implement such tasks as may be directly requested by the President or the Executive Committee .

8) The Secretary General /Executive Director may attend the Congress and the meetings of the Executive Committee and Commissions and shall have the right to speak but no right to vote.

14.6.1 – Pertaining to the President:

The President is the legal representative of the WBSC OCEANIA and his or her duties and responsibilities include:

a) To officially represent the WBSC OCEANIA with full powers of attorney in accordance with what is stated in these Statutes and in the WBSC OCEANIA By-Laws, Rules and Regulations.

b) To summon and preside the sessions of all Congresses and the Executive Committee and to sign the corresponding minutes together with the Secretary General.

c) To elaborate together with the Secretary General /Treasurer the annual report, distributed to Members of the WBSC OCEANIA and to record in writing and present at the Congress, all WBSC OCEANIA activities to the end of his or her mandate.

d) To manage and supervise the execution of the decisions of the Congress and the Executive Committee , and to present to the latter such reports as may be requested.

e) To sign all WBSC OCEANIA ’s contracts (including opening bank accounts) with t he authorisation of the Executive Committee.

f) To propose to the Executive Committee the appointment and hire the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Office.

g) To propose to the Executive Committee the appointment of the Chairmen of the WBSC OCEANIA Commissions and all their members.

h) In consultation with the Baseball Division or the Softball Division, to propose to the Executive Committee the appointment of the Tournament Director and the Jury of Appeal for each official competition of the WBSC OCEANIA.

i) To appoint persons to be responsible for carrying out investigations required by the WBSC OCEANIA.

j) To carry out such other duties and functions as may be deemed necessary under the WBSC OCEANIA Statutes, Code of the Divisions, By-Laws, Rules and Regulations and/or as may be entrusted upon him or her by the Executive Committee or Congress.

14.6.2 – Pertaining to the Vice Presidents:

The duties and responsibilities of the Vice Presidents are:

a) to chair and provide direction for the Divisions; and

b) such duties and functions as the Committee may deem appropriate to each of the Vice Presidents (the Protocol Order is in the Protocol By-Laws).

14.6.3 – Pertaining to the Secretary General(Treasurer):

The duties and responsibilities of the Secretary General are:

a) To send out the relevant notices to attend the Congress and the meetings of the Executive Committee.

b) To draw up the minutes of the sessions of the Congress and the Executive Committee , jointly signing them together with the President.

c) To transcribe the minutes of the Congress and the Executive Committee and send them in the official WBSC OCEANIA languages to all the Members, within sixty (60) days of the end of each meeting.

d) To receive all suggestions, requests, queries and any other business and inform the President accordingly and to follow up with necessary action pertaining thereto and to inform Members of the decisions and resolutions taken.

e) To supervise the functioning and operations of the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Office in its administrative and management functions, including the proper filing and keeping of records and documents at the WBSC OCEANIA Headquarters.

f) To carry out such other duties and functions as may be deemed necessary under the WBSC OCEANIA Statutes, Codes of the Divisions, By-Laws, Rules and Regulations and/or as may be entrusted upon him or her by the Executive Committee or Congress.

14.6.4 – Pertaining to the Treasurer:(Secretary General) The duties and responsibilities of the Treasurer are:

a) To deal with all financial matters related to the WBSC OCEANIA management, organisation and administration including formulating the necessary checks and internal audit processes and procedures;

b) To keep the books containing all entries relating to the assets and liabilities, income and expenditures of the WBSC OCEANIA up-to-date and ensure that the WBSC OCEANIA accounts are audited by a competent independent audit company appointed by the Congress;

c) To supervise the administrative and management of WBSC OCEANIA ’s accounts by the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Office, including the proper filing and keeping of all accounting books and documents up-to-date;

d) To oversee the payment of fees by Members, and ensure due and proper communication and notification of account statements in relation thereto, including notification of annual fees due by 1st January of the corresponding year;

e) To prepare the balance sheets and the financial statements and reports within the prescribed period and ensure that the same are sent to the Executive Committee , and subsequently to Members of the Congress;

f) To remit to the President monthly reports on income and expenditures and whenever the Executive Committee meets;

g) To control the financial implementation of contracts and agreements entered into by the WBSC OCEANIA and keep the President informed accordingly;

h) To control the financial and merchandising aspects of all competitions falling under the jurisdiction of WBSC OCEANIA and propose to the President, whenever he or she deems this necessary, the appointment of a representative charged with checking the fulfilment of the financial commitments contracted with WBSC OCEANIA by the corresponding Organising Committee;

i) Send out the vouchers relating to WBSC OCEANIA ’s income and expenditures whenever necessary;

j) To carry out such other duties and functions as may be deemed necessary under the WBSC OCEANIA Statutes, Code of the Divisions, By-Laws, Rules and Regulations and/or as may be entrusted upon him or her by the Executive Committee or Congress;

k) To carry out his or her duties, the Treasurer shall use the services of the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Office.

14.6.5 – Pertaining to the Executive Committee Members:

The Executive Committee shall assign such duties and functions as the Committee may deem appropriate to each of the Executive Committee Members.

14.6.6 – Pertaining to the Athletes’ Representatives Commission:

The Athletes’ Representatives are the representatives of the athletes in the WBSC OCEANIA . Their duties and responsibilities are to be the athletes voice in all matters in the WBSC OCEANIA and the Executive Committee and carry out such duties and responsibilities that the WBSC OCEANIA Statutes, Code of the Divisions, By-Laws, Rules and Regulations, the Division Committee s and the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Committee shall entrust upon them.

ARTICLE 15. COMMISSIONS

15.1 The Executive Committee has the power to create any Commission that it deems necessary for the good administration of WBSC OCEANIA and, as applicable, the Objectives or the business of WBSC OCEANIA.

15.2 The President shall appoint and dismiss Chairpersons and members of Commissions with the approval of the Executive Committee.

15.3 Commissions act on the authority and under the supervision of the Executive Committee and report to the Executive Committee and a Congress , if required. Every Commission shall have terms of reference and operating procedures, which shall be approved by the Executive Committee.

15.4 The following Commissions, shall have jurisdiction over the subject matters for which formed for both Baseball and Softball Divisions, and may only be dissolved by a two-thirds majority vote of the Executive Committee . The Athletes Commission will be empowered to investigate and report to the Executive Committee , but are not empowered to to enact any thoughts or processes with the prior approval of the Executive Committee.

1.) Athletes Commission:

The Athletes Commission advises on matters relevant to players. It is comprised of at up to four (4) members ( two Baseball, tro Softball) who have participated in at least one IBAF or ISF or WBSC Baseball or SoftballCompetition within the six (6) years immediately preceding his or her election. WBSC OCEANIA will pay the expenses for the athletes attending meetings of the Athletes Commission (Subject toprior approval by the Executive Committee). The initial Athletes Commission shall be composed of those athletes serving on the Athletes’ Commissions of the WBSC , until an election at the first Congress.

2.) Anti-Doping and Medical Commission:

The Medical and Anti-Doping Commission advises the Executive Committee on all matters relating to athlete health and anti-doping, and for implementing the WBSC Anti- Doping Code.

3.) Ethics Commission:

The Ethics Commission shall establish a Code of Conduct and Disclosure which shall govern the actions of the Executive Committee and employees of WBSC OCEANIA , its representatives, attorneys, Athlete Representatives and others acting on behalf of WBSC OCEANIA , which shall be modelled on the IOC Code of Ethics with the explicit aim as set out in the IOC preamble “to contribute to the realisation of the aims laid down in the Olympic Charter.” The Code of Ethics shall specifically address issues of dignity, integrity, good governance and resources, all of which are key tenets of the WBSC Code of Ethics.

4.) Youth Commission:

The Youth Commission reviews and submits recommendations or proposals by Members, proposes to the Executive Committee amendments to the Articles of Association, and advises the Executive Committee and the Congress on all youth development matters.

5.) Technical Commission:

The Technical Commission reviews and submits to the Executive Committee recommendations or proposals by Members, may itself propose matters to the Executive Committee ; and and advises the Executive Committee and the Congress on all Technical matters.

15.5 Every member of a Commission shall declare any conflict of interest in connection with his or her involvement with that Commission and shall recuse himself or herself from any matter before the Commission and concerning that member or his or her National Federation.

15.6 The Commissions shall meet whenever there is business to be transacted, all meetings being subject to the approval of the Executive Committee . All Commission meetings may be held by electronic means, or in person.

15.7 If a member of a Commission has been absent from two consecutive meetings without reasons acceptable to the Executive Committee , the Executive Committee shall have the right to declare that such member has forfeited his or her membership. The Executive Committee shall then fill the vacancy.

15.8 For any Commission, the Executive Committee may appoint ex officio an Executive Committee member or other person who shall ensure and maintain communications between the Executive Committee and the Commission.

ARTICLE 16. THE ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION AND THE CODES

16.1 These Articles of Association may be amended or supplemented, or rescinded and the corporation dissolved, only in a duly called and quorate meeting of a Congress and only if more than two thirds of the National Federations in Good Standing, Member of WBSC OCEANIA , and in attendance at such Congress vote affirmatively for such change. A copy of every proposed amendment shall be treated as a Motion to be presented before a Congress. Unless otherwise stated in the text of the Motion, every amendment shall come into effect at the close of the Congress at which such amendment was adopted.

16.2 The Codes of the sports respectively govern all WBSC OCEANIA competitions. The Codes may be adopted, amended or rescinded only upon the recommendation of the respective sports, on the vote of a simple majority of the Executive Committee.

16.3 Save for applicable law, the Articles of Association and the Codes are the only governing documents of WBSC OCEANIA.

16.4 Every power, express or implied, for the administration of Baseball and/or Softball internationally shall be vested in and may be exercised by a Congress or the Executive Committee (as the case may be). Each Code, the decision of a Commission and the action taken by a Congress or the Executive Committee shall be consistent with these Articles of Association. In the event of any discrepancy or conflict, these Articles of Association shall prevail.

16.5 The jurisdiction to consider, interpret, or resolve any dispute, interpretation or matter arising under these Articles of Association or between these Articles of Association and a Code is vested in the Executive Committee, whose decision shall be final.

ARTICLE 17. DISPUTES

17.1 Disciplinary Proceedings by National Federations or member organisations:

1.) WBSC OCEANIA recognizes the jurisdiction and right of a National Federation and the sports to discipline or disqualify in its own territory and its own sport any person in accordance with the rules of that National Federation or sport, in accordance with the obligations of that National Federation or sport to provide a full and fair opportunity for such person to be present, to be heard, to be represented by counsel and to appeal any such decision.

2.) Subject to these Articles of Association, an applicable Code and applicable law, a National Federation shall have the right to discipline or disqualify a foreign person that, in a WBSC competition sanctioned by that National Federation, violates the rules of that National Federation. After a final determination is made and a decision is made to discipline or disqualify the person, the decision shall be provided to WBSC OCEANIA and the National Federation to which the person belongs. All National Federations and WBSC OCEANIA shall abide by the final determination (if appealed, a determination is not final unless and until affirmed on appeal). Should that foreign person contest any such decision of that National Federation, that person has the right to appeal such decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (“CAS”) under the applicable rules of CAS. The decision of the CAS shall be final.

3.) WBSC OCEANIA may discipline or disqualify any person for any offense, which is a violation of these Articles of Association or a Code, pursuant to Article 9 of these Articles of Association.

17.2 Dispute Resolution

1.) A complaint seeking a disciplinary ruling may be brought by the Executive Committee , any National Federation or any Regional Confederation arising out of an act or omission that involves a matter under these Articles of Association or a Code, or arising out of a WBSC OCEANIA competition that is not otherwise provided for in these Articles of Association or a Code. All complaints shall be in writing, state the matter of concern, accompanied by any supporting documentation, and a list of witnesses or other persons having information on which the complaining party wants to rely. Resolution of that complaint is be governed by Article 9 of these Articles of Association.

2.) A complaint for dispute resolution may not be filed with WBSC OCEANIA unless and until all available administrative remedies provided by any other organization with authority over such complaint are exhausted.

3.) The sole and exclusive means for dispute resolution shall be as provided for in these Articles of Association.

17.3 Arbitration

1.) Any dispute against WBSC OCEANIA, or any appeal from a decision of the WBSC OCEANIA under Article 17 or Article 9, shall be resolved exclusively by arbitration before the CAS. No dispute or any other matter may be brought before a court.

2. The arbitration shall be conducted in accordance with the rules of the CAS, or pursuant to such other rules or modified rules as the parties agree. The decision of the CAS or other agreed arbitration body shall be final, binding upon the parties and non-appealable.

ARTICLE 18. DOPING CONTROL

18.1 WBSC OCEANIA has adopted and administers and enforces a comprehensive set of anti- doping control programs addressing both in-competition and out-of competition testing (“Anti- Doping Program”).

18.2 The initial Anti-Doping Program adopted by WBSC OCEANIA consists of the respective Anti-Doping Codes of the sports, which shall be replaced by a single unified and WADA qualified WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Code at or after the first WBSC OCEANIA Congress.

18.3 The Anti-Doping Program shall be set forth in the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Code and given to all National Federations, the IOC, and the NOC of every National Federation.

18.4 Any violation of the Anti-Doping Program shall result in action being taken pursuant the final determination of the hearing body and as provided under the Anti-Doping Code.

ARTICLE 19. FINANCIAL MONITORING AND CONTROL

19.1 The fiscal year of WBSC OCEANIA is the calendar year. For each calendar year, the Treasurer shall cause to be produced a statement of accounts. These annual statements shall be audited and certified by a Certified Public Accountant, reviewed and approved by the Executive Committee.

19.2 The statement of accounts for any year preceding a regular Congress , and for the multiple-year period since the last regular Congress , shall be sent to all Members in advance of the next scheduled regular Congress as part of the material provided by the Secretary General in accordance with Article 12.4.

ARTICLE 26. PRINTING OF THE ARTICLES OF ASSOCIATION, CODES AND RULES

20.1 The WBSC OCEANIA shall own all rights, including copyrights, in the Articles of Association and any Rules promulgated by the WBSC OCEANIA, which are published in the official languages of the WBSC OCEANIA solely for the benefit of Members. They may be reprinted or translated by Members for the use of those Members only, with the understanding that in all cases where the translated text differs in interpretation, the English version shall be accepted.

20.2 All persons other than Members wishing to publish the Articles of Association or any Rules must first obtain the permission of WBSC OCEANIA.

ARTICLE 21. DISSOLUTION

21.1 The dissolution of WBSC OCEANIA shall require a decision of the Congress by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the present voting Members.

21.2 In the event of a dissolution of WBSC OCEANIA , any remaining unallocated funds shall be used for any outstanding obligations, and the remainder shall revert to an institution of public utility with a similar purpose as WBSC OCEANIA and which is tax exempted. The remainder shall neither revert to the founders nor to the Members, and not be used totally or partially in their favour or for their profits and in whatever possible manner.


2018 Softball Confederation of Oceania

-by its duly authorized President – Rex Capil

Baseball Confederation of Oceania

-by its duly authorized President – Laurent Cassier


APPENDIX 1: RECORD OF ADOPTION and AMENDMENTS

1. Initial approval from the BCO/OSC Congresses December 8, 2018.



BCO - Baseball Confederation of Oceania

OSC - Oceania Softball Confederation

Associate Member - An organisation which does not meet the WBSC OCEANIA member criteria, but which represents a region or counry in Oceania.

Code of Division - Such Rules and Regulations as established by the WBSC OCEANIA from time to time to assist in the orderly conduct of the WBSC OCEANIA affairs and events in accordance with the prevailing Articles of Association at that time.

Congress - The Congress of the WBSC OCEANIA as defined in Article.

Executive Committee - The Executive Committee of the WBSC OCEANIA as defined Article 13.

Executive Committee Member - A person being a member of the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Committee as defined in article 14.

WBSC - World Baseball Softball Confederation as recognized by the International Olympic Committee.

Honorary - Means unpaid.

Member - A Member organization as recognized by and affiliated with the WBSC OCEANIA as the NGBO in a particular country/region.

NGBO - National Governing Baseball Organization is the sole National/Regional body controlling the game of baseball or softball in each country/region as recognized by that country’s/region’s National Olympic Committee or, where there is no National Olympic Committee, by that country’s/region’s appropriate government authority.

NOC - National Olympic Committee of each individual country/region, as recognized by the International Olympic Committee.

Office Bearer - An individual person having an official role or function as defined in.

Articles of Association Approved and Adopted by the Interim Executive Committee on December 8th 2018.

By-laws

WBSC OCEANIA ANTI-DOPING RULES INTRODUCTION

Preface

These Anti-Doping Rules are adopted and implemented in accordance with WBSC OCEANIA's responsibilities under theCode, and in furtherance of WBSC OCEANIA's continuing efforts to eradicate doping in sport.

These Anti-Doping Rules are sport rules governing the conditions under which sport is played. Aimed at enforcing anti-doping principles in a global and harmonized manner, they are distinct in nature from criminal and civil laws, and are notintended to be subject to or limited by any national requirements and legal standards applicable to criminal or civilproceedings. When reviewing the facts and the law of a given case, all courts, arbitral tribunals and other adjudicatingbodies should be aware of and respect the distinct nature of these Anti-Doping Rules implementing the Code and the factthat these rules represent the consensus of a broad spectrum of stakeholders around the Oceania as to what is necessaryto protect and ensure fair sport.

Fundamental Rationale for the Code and WBSC OCEANIA's Anti-Doping Rules

Anti-doping programs seek to preserve what is intrinsically valuable about sport. This intrinsic value is often referred to as"the spirit of sport". It is the essence of Olympism, the pursuit of human excellence through the dedicated perfection ofeach persons natural talents. It is how we play true. The spirit of sport is the celebration of the human spirit, body andmind, and is reflected in values we find in and through sport, including:

  • Ethics, fair play and honesty
  • Health
  • Excellence in performance
  • Character and education
  • Fun and joy
  • Teamwork
  • Dedication and commitment
  • Respect for rules and laws
  • Respect for self and other Participants
  • Courage
  • Community and solidarity

Doping is fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport.

Scope of these Anti-Doping Rules

These Anti-Doping Rules shall apply to WBSC OCEANIA and to each of its National Federations. They also apply to thefollowing Athletes, Athlete Support Personnel and other Persons, each of whom is deemed, as a condition of his/hermembership, accreditation and/or participation in the sport, to have agreed to be bound by these Anti-Doping Rules, andto have submitted to the authority of WBSC OCEANIA to enforce these Anti-Doping Rules and to the jurisdiction of thehearing panels specified in Article 8 and Article 13 to hear and determine cases and appeals brought under these Anti- Doping Rules:

  1. a. all Athletes and Athlete Support Personnel who are members of WBSC OCEANIA, or of any National Federation, orof any member or affiliate organization of any National Federation (including any clubs, teams, associations orleagues);
  2. all Athletes and Athlete Support Personnel participating in such capacity in Events, Competitions and otheractivities organized, convened, authorized or recognized by WBSC OCEANIA, or any National Federation, or anymember or affiliate organization of any National Federation (including any clubs, teams, associations or leagues),wherever held;
  3. any other Athlete or Athlete Support Personnel or other Person who, by virtue of an accreditation, a licence or othercontractual arrangement, or otherwise, is subject to the jurisdiction of WBSC OCEANIA, or of any NationalFederation, or of any member or affiliate organization of any National Federation (including any clubs, teams,associations or leagues), for purposes of anti-doping; To be eligible for participation in International Events, acompetitor must have personally signed the Appendix 3 consent form, in the actual form approved by the WBSC OCEANIA. All forms from Minors must be counter-signed by their legal guardians and
  4. Athletes who are not regular members of WBSC OCEANIA or of one of its National Federations but who wantto be eligible to compete in a particular International Event. WBSC OCEANIA may include such Athletes in itsRegistered Testing Pool so that they are required to provide information about their whereabouts for purposes of Testing under these Anti-Doping Rules for at least one month prior to the International Event in questi

Within the overall pool of Athletes set out above who are bound by and required to comply with these Anti-Doping Rules,the following Athletes shall be considered to be International-Level Athletes for purposes of these Anti-Doping Rules, andtherefore the specific provisions in these Anti-Doping Rules applicable to International-Level Athletes (as regards Testingbut also as regards TUEs, whereabouts information, results management, and appeals) shall apply to such Athletes:

  1. Athletes who are part of the WBSC OCEANIA Registered Testing Pool and Testing Pool;
  2. Any Athletes who participate in any WBSC OCEANIA International Events (such as friendly games and/orofficial games).

ARTICLE 1: DEFINITION OF DOPING

Doping is defined as the occurrence of one or more of the anti-doping rule violations set forth in Article 2.1 through Article2.10 of these Anti-Doping Rules.

ARTICLE 2 ANTI-DOPING RULE VIOLATIONS

The purpose of Article 2 is to specify the circumstances and conduct which constitute anti-doping rule violations. Hearingsin doping cases will proceed based on the assertion that one or more of these specific rules have been violated.

Athletes or other Persons shall be responsible for knowing what constitutes an anti- doping rule violation and the substances and methods which have been included on the Prohibited List.

The following constitute anti-doping rule violations:

2.1 Presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athletes Sample

2.1.1 It is each Athletes personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his or her body. Athletes are responsible for any Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers found to be present intheir Samples. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, Fault, negligence or knowing Use on theAthletes part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1.

[Comment to Article 2.1.1: An anti-doping rule violation is committed under this Article without regard to an Athletes Fault. This rulehas been referred to in various CAS decisions as Strict Liability. An Athletes Fault is taken into consideration in determining theConsequences of this anti-doping rule violation under Article 10. This principle has consistently been upheld by CAS.]

2.1.2 Sufficient proof of an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1 is established by any of the following:presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in the Athletes A Sample where the Athletewaives analysis of the B Sample and the B Sample is not analyzed; or, where the Athletes B Sample isanalyzed and the analysis of the Athletes B Sample confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance or itsMetabolites or Markers found in the Athletes A Sample; or, where the Athletes B Sample is split into two bottlesand the analysis of the second bottle confirms the presence of the Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites orMarkers found in the first bottle.

[Comment to Article 2.1.2: The Anti-Doping Organization with results management responsibility may, at its discretion, choose to have theB Sample analyzed even if the Athlete does not request the analysis of the B Sample.]

2.1.3 Excepting those substances for which a quantitative threshold is specifically identified in the ProhibitedList, the presence of any quantity of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in an Athletes Sample shall constitute an anti-doping rule violation.

2.1.4 As an exception to the general rule of Article 2.1, the Prohibited List or International Standards mayestablish special criteria for the evaluation of Prohibited Substances that can also be produced endogenously.

2.2 Use or Attempted Use by an Athlete of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method

[Comment to Article 2.2: It has always been the case that Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method may beestablished by any reliable means. As noted in the Comment to Article 3.2, unlike the proof required to establish an anti-doping rule violationunder Article 2.1, Use or Attempted Use may also be established by other reliable means such as admissions by the Athlete, witness statements, documentary evidence, conclusions drawn from longitudinal profiling, including data collected as part of the Athlete BiologicalPassport, or other analytical information which does not otherwise satisfy all the requirements to establish Presence of a ProhibitedSubstance under Article 2.1. For example, Use may be established based upon reliable analytical data from the analysis of an A Sample(without confirmation from an analysis of a B Sample) or from the analysis of a B Sample alone where the Anti-Doping Organization providesa satisfactory explanation for the lack of confirmation in the other Sample.

2.2.1 It is each Athletes personal duty to ensure that no Prohibited Substance enters his or her body andthat no Prohibited Method is Used. Accordingly, it is not necessary that intent, Fault, negligence or knowing Useon the Athletes part be demonstrated in order to establish an anti- doping rule violation for Use of aProhibited Substance or a Prohibited Method.

2.2.2 The success or failure of the Use or Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method is notmaterial. It is sufficient that the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method was Used or Attempted to be Usedfor an anti-doping rule violation to be committed.

[Comment to Article 2.2.2: Demonstrating the "Attempted Use" of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method requires proof of intent onthe Athletes part. The fact that intent may be required to prove this particular anti-doping rule violation does not undermine the StrictLiability principle established for violations of Article

2.1 and violations of Article 2.2 in respect of Use of a Prohibited Substance or

Prohibited Method.

An Athletes Use of a Prohibited Substance constitutes an anti-doping rule violation unless such substance is notprohibited Out-of-Competition and the Athletes Use takes place Out-of-Competition. (However, the presence of aProhibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers in a Sample collected In-Competition is a violation of

Article 2.1 regardless of when that substance might have been administered).]

2.3 Evading, Refusing or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection

Evading Sample collection, or without compelling justification refusing or failing to submit to Sample collection afternotification as authorized in these Anti-Doping Rules or other applicable anti-doping rules.

[Comment to Article 2.3: For example, it would be an anti-doping rule violation of evading Sample collection if it were established that anAthlete was deliberately avoiding a Doping Control official to evade notification or Testing. A violation of failing to submit to Samplecollection may be based on either intentional or negligent conduct of the Athlete, while "evading" or refusing Sample collection contemplates intentional conduct by the Athlete.]

2.4 Whereabouts Failures

Any combination of three missed tests and/or filing failures, as defined in the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations, within a twelve-month period by an Athlete in a Registered Testing Pool.

2.5 Tampering or Attempted Tampering with any part of DopingControl

Conduct which subverts the Doping Control process but which would not otherwise be included in the definition ofProhibited Methods. Tampering shall include, without limitation, intentionally interfering or attempting to interfere with a Doping Control official, providing fraudulent information to an Anti- Doping Organization, or intimidatingor attempting to intimidate a potential witness.

[Comment to Article 2.5: For example, this Article would prohibit altering identification numbers on a Doping Control form during Testing,breaking the B bottle at the time of B Sample analysis, or altering a Sample by the addition of a foreign substance. Offensive conducttowards a Doping Control official or other Person involved in Doping Control which does not otherwise constitute Tampering shall beaddressed in the disciplinary rules of sport organizations.]

2.6 Possession of a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method

2.6.1 Possession by an Athlete In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method, orPossession by an Athlete Out- of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method which isprohibited Out-of-Competition unless the Athlete establishes that the Possession is consistent with aTherapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) granted in accordance with Article 4.4 or other acceptable justification.

2.6.2 Possession by an Athlete Support Person In-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or anyProhibited Method, or Possession by an Athlete Support Person Out-of-Competition of any ProhibitedSubstance or any Prohibited Method which is prohibited Out-of-Competition in connection with an Athlete,Competition or training, unless the Athlete Support Person establishes that the Possession is consistent with aTUE granted to an Athlete in accordance with Article 4.4 or other acceptable justification

[Comment to Articles 2.6.1 and 2.6.2: Acceptable justification would not include, for example, buying or Possessing a ProhibitedSubstance for purposes of giving it to a friend or relative, except under justifiable medical circumstances where that Person had a physiciansprescription, e.g., buying Insulin for a diabetic child.]

[Comment to Article 2.6.2: Acceptable justification would include, for example, a team doctor carrying Prohibited Substances for dealingwith acute and emergency situations.]

2.7 Trafficking or Attempted Trafficking in any Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method

2.8 Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete In- Competition of any ProhibitedSubstance or Prohibited Method, or Administration or Attempted Administration to any Athlete Out-of-Competition of any Prohibited Substance or any Prohibited Method that is prohibited Out-of-Competition

2.9 Complicity

Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up or any other type of intentional complicity involvingan anti-doping rule violation, Attempted anti-doping rule violation or violation of Article 10.12.1 by another Person.

2.10 Prohibited Association

Association by an Athlete or other Person subject to the authority of an Anti- Doping Organization in a professional orsport-related capacity with any Athlete Support Person who:

2.10.1 If subject to the authority of an Anti-Doping Organization, is serving a period of Ineligibility; or

2.10.2 If not subject to the authority of an Anti-Doping Organization and where Ineligibility has not beenaddressed in a results management process pursuant to the Code, has been convicted or found in a criminal,disciplinary or professional proceeding to have engaged in conduct which would have constituted a violation ofanti-doping rules if Code-compliant rules had been applicable to such Person. The disqualifying status of suchPerson shall be in force for the longer of six years from the criminal,professional or disciplinary decisionor the duration of the criminal, disciplinary or professional sanction imposed; or

2.10.3 Is serving as a front or intermediary for an individual described in Article 2.10.1 or 2.10.2.

In order for this provision to apply, it is necessary that the Athlete or other Person has previously been advised in writingby an Anti-Doping Organization with jurisdiction over the Athlete or other Person, or by WADA, of the Athlete SupportPersons disqualifying status and the potential Consequence of prohibited association and that the Athlete or otherPerson can reasonably avoid the association. The Anti-Doping Organization shall also use reasonable efforts to advisethe Athlete Support Person who is the subject of the notice to the Athlete or other Person that the Athlete SupportPerson may, within 15 days, come forward to the Anti-Doping Organization to explain that the criteria described inArticles 2.10.1 and 2.10.2 do not apply to him or her. (Notwithstanding Article 17, this Article applies even when the Athlete Support Persons disqualifying conduct occurred prior to the effectivedate provided in Article 20.7.)

The burden shall be on the Athlete or other Person to establish that any association with Athlete Support Personneldescribed in Article 2.10.1 or 2.10.2 is not in a professional or sport-related capacity.

Anti-Doping Organizations that are aware of Athlete Support Personnel who meet the criteria described in Article 2.10.1,2.10.2, or 2.10.3 shall submit that information to WADA.

[Comment to Article 2.10: Athletes and other Persons must not work with coaches, trainers, physicians or other Athlete Support Personnelwho are Ineligible on account of an anti-doping rule violation or who have been criminally convicted or professionally disciplined in relation todoping. Some examples of the types of association which are prohibited include: obtaining training, strategy, technique, nutrition ormedical advice; obtaining therapy, treatment or prescriptions; providing any bodily products for analysis; or allowing the Athlete SupportPerson to serve as an agent or representative. Prohibited association need not involve any form of compensation.]

ARTICLE 3: PROOF OF DOPING

3.1 Burdens and Standards of Proof

WBSC OCEANIA shall have the burden of establishing that an anti-doping rule violation has occurred. The standardof proof shall be whether WBSC OCEANIA has established an anti-doping rule violation to the comfortablesatisfaction of the hearing panel bearing in mind the seriousness of the allegation which is made. This standard ofproof in all cases is greater than a mere balance of probability but less than proof beyond a reasonable doubt. Where these Anti-Doping Rules place the burden of proof upon the Athlete or other Person alleged to have committed an anti-doping rule violation to rebut a presumption or establish specified facts or circumstances, thestandard of proof shall be by a balance of probability.

[Comment to Article 3.1: This standard of proof required to be met by WBSC OCEANIA is comparable to the standard which is appliedin most countries to cases involving professional misconduct.]

3.2 Methods of Establishing Facts and Presumptions

Facts related to anti-doping rule violations may be established by any reliable means, including admissions. Thefollowing rules of proof shall be applicable in doping cases:

[Comment to Article 3.2: For example, WBSC OCEANIA may establish an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.2 based on theAthletes admissions, the credible testimony of third Persons, reliable documentary evidence, reliable analytical data from either an A or BSample as provided in the Comments to Article 2.2, or conclusions drawn from the profile of a series of the Athletes blood or urine Samples,such as data from the Athlete Biological Passport.]

3.2.1 Analytical methods or decision limits approved by WADA after consultation within the relevantscientific community and which have been the subject of peer review are presumed to be scientifically valid. Any Athlete or other Person seeking to rebut this presumption of scientific validity shall, as a conditionprecedent to any such challenge, first notify WADA of the challenge and the basis of the challenge. CAS on itsown initiative may also inform WADA of any such challenge. At WADAs request, the CAS panel shall appointan appropriate scientific expert to assist the panel in its evaluation of the challenge. Within 10 days of WADAs receipt of such notice, and WADAs receipt of the CAS file, WADA shall also have the right tointervene as a party, appear amicus curiae, or otherwise provide evidence in such proceeding.

3.2.2 WADA-accredited laboratories, and other laboratories approved by WADA, are presumed to have conducted Sample analysis and custodial procedures in accordance with the International Standard for Laboratories. The Athlete or otherPerson may rebut this presumption by establishing that a departure from the International Standard forLaboratories occurred which could reasonably have caused the Adverse Analytical Finding. If the Athlete orother Person rebuts the preceding presumption by showing that a departure from the International Standardfor Laboratories occurred which could reasonably have caused the Adverse Analytical Finding, then WBSC OCEANIA shall have the burden to establish that such departure did not cause the Adverse Analytical Finding.

[Comment to Article 3.2.2: The burden is on the Athlete or other Person to establish, by a balance of probability, a departure from theInternational Standard for Laboratories that could reasonably have caused the Adverse Analytical Finding. If the Athlete or other Persondoes so, the burden shifts to WBSC OCEANIA to prove to the comfortable satisfaction of the hearing panel that the departure did notcause the Adverse Analytical Finding.]

3.2.3 Departures from any other International Standard or other anti- doping rule or policy set forth in the Code or these Anti-Doping Rules which did not cause an Adverse Analytical Finding or other anti-doping ruleviolation shall not invalidate such evidence or results. If the Athlete or other Person establishes a departurefrom another International Standard or other anti-doping rule or policy which could reasonably have caused ananti-doping rule violation based on an Adverse Analytical Finding or other anti-doping rule violation, thenWBSC OCEANIA shall have the burden to establish that such departure did not cause the Adverse AnalyticalFinding or the factual basis for the anti-doping rule violation.

3.2.4 The facts established by a decision of a court or professional disciplinary tribunal of competentjurisdiction which is not the subject of a pending appeal shall be irrebuttable evidence against the Athlete or other Person to whom the decision pertained of those facts unless the Athlete or other Person establishes thatthe decision violated principles of natural justice.

3.2.5 The hearing panel in a hearing on an anti-doping rule violation may draw an inference adverse to theAthlete or other Person who is asserted to have committed an anti-doping rule violation based on the Athletes or other Persons refusal, after a request made in a reasonable time in advance of the hearing, toappear at the hearing (either in person or telephonically as directed by the hearing panel) and to answer questions from the hearing panel or WBSC OCEANIA.

ARTICLE 4: THE PROHIBITED LIST

4.1 Incorporation of the Prohibited List

These Anti-Doping Rules incorporate the Prohibited List, which is published and revised by WADA as described inArticle 4.1 of the Code.

[Comment to Article 4.1: The current Prohibited List is available on WADA's website at www.wada-ama.org.]

4.2 Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods Identified on the Prohibited List

4.2.1 Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods

Unless provided otherwise in the Prohibited List and/or a revision, the Prohibited List and revisions shall gointo effect under these Anti-Doping Rules three months after publication by WADA, without requiring anyfurther action by WBSC OCEANIA or its National Federations. All Athletes and other Persons shall bebound by the Prohibited List, and any revisions thereto, from the date they go into effect, without furtherformality. It is the responsibility of all Athletes and other Persons to familiarize themselves with the most up-to-date version of the Prohibited List and all revisions thereto.

4.2.2 Specified Substances

For purposes of the application of Article 10, all Prohibited Substances shall be Specified Substances exceptsubstances in the classes of anabolic agents and hormones and those stimulants and hormone antagonists andmodulators so identified on the Prohibited List. The category of Specified Substances shall not include ProhibitedMethods.

[Comment to Article 4.2.2: The Specified Substances identified in Article 4.2.2 should not in any way be considered less important or lessdangerous than other doping substances. Rather, they are simply substances which are more likely to have been consumed by an Athlete for a purpose other than the enhancement of sport performance.]

4.3 WADAs Determination of the Prohibited List

WADAs determination of the Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods that will be included on the ProhibitedList, the classification of substances into categories on the Prohibited List, and the classification of a substance asprohibited at all times or In-Competition only, is final and shall not be subject to challenge by an Athlete or otherPerson based on an argument that the substance or method was not a masking agent or did not have the potentialto enhance performance, represent a health risk or violate the spirit of sport.

4.4 Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs)

4.4.1 The presence of a Prohibited Substance or its Metabolites or Markers, and/or the Use or AttemptedUse, Possession or Administration or Attempted Administration of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method, shall not be considered an anti-doping rule violation if it is consistent with the provisions of a TUE granted in accordance with the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions.

4.4.2 If an International-Level Athlete is using a Prohibited Substance or a Prohibited Method for therapeutic reasons:

4.4.2.1 Where the Athlete already has a TUE granted by his or her National Anti-Doping Organizationfor the substance or method in question, that TUE is automatically valid for international-levelCompetition provided that such TUE decision has been reported in accordance with Article 5.4 of theInternational Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions and therefore is available for review by WADA.

[Comment to Article 4.4.2.1: Further to Articles 5.6 and 7.1(a) of the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions, WBSC OCEANIA may publish notice on its website [insert website address] that it will automatically recognize TUE decisions (or categories of suchdecisions, e.g., as to particular substances or methods) made by National Anti-Doping Organizations. If an Athlete's TUE falls into acategory of automatically recognized TUEs, then he/she does not need to apply to WBSC OCEANIA for recognition of that TUE.

If WBSC OCEANIA refuses to recognize a TUE granted by a National Anti-Doping Organization only because medical records or otherinformation are missing that are needed to demonstrate satisfaction of the criteria in the International Standard for Therapeutic UseExemptions, the matter should not be referred to WADA. Instead, the file should be completed and re-submitted to WBSC OCEANIA.]

4.4.2.2 If the Athlete does not already have a TUE granted by his/her National Anti-DopingOrganization for the substance or method in question, the Athlete must apply directly to WBSC OCEANIA for a TUE in accordance with the process set out in the International Standard for TherapeuticUse Exemptions using the form posted on WBSC OCEANIA website. If WBSC OCEANIA denies the Athletes application, it must notify the Athlete promptly, with reasons. IfWBSC OCEANIA grants the Athletes application, it shall notify not only the Athlete but also his/herNational Anti-Doping Organization. If the National Anti-Doping Organization considers that the TUEgranted by WBSC OCEANIA does not meet the criteria set out in the International Standard forTherapeutic Use Exemptions, it has 21 days from such notification to refer the matter to WADA forreview in accordance with Article 4.4.6. If the National Anti-Doping Organization refers the matterto WADA for review, the TUE granted by WBSC OCEANIA remains valid for international-levelCompetition and Out-of-Competition Testing (but is not valid for national-level Competition) pendingWADAs decision. If the National Anti-Doping Organization does not refer the matter to WADA forreview, the TUE granted by WBSC OCEANIA becomes valid for national-level Competition as well whenthe 21-day review deadline expires.

[Comment to Article 4.4.2: WBSC OCEANIA may agree with a National Anti-Doping Organization that the National Anti-DopingOrganization will consider TUE applications on behalf of WBSC OCEANIA.]

4.4.3 If WBSC OCEANIA chooses to test an Athlete who is not an International- Level Athlete, WBSC OCEANIA shall recognize a TUE granted to that Athlete by his or her National Anti-Doping Organization. If WBSC OCEANIA chooses to test an Athlete who is not an International-Level or a National-Level Athlete,WBSC OCEANIA shall permit that Athlete to apply for a retroactive TUE for any Prohibited Substance orProhibited Method that he/she is using for therapeutic reasons.

4.4.4 An application to WBSC OCEANIA for grant of a TUE should be made as soon as the need arises. Forsubstances prohibited In-Competition only, the Athlete should apply for a TUE at least 30 days before theAthletes next Competition unless it is an emergency or exceptional situation.

An Athlete may only be granted retroactive approval for his/her Therapeutic Use of a Prohibited Substance orProhibited Method (i.e., a retroactive TUE) if:

  1. Emergency treatment or treatment of an acute medical condition was necessary; or
  2. Due to other exceptional circumstances, there was insufficient time or opportunity for the Athlete tosubmit, or for the TUEC to consider, an application for the TUE prior to Sample collection; or
  3. The applicable rules required the Athlete or permitted the Athlete (see Code Article 4.4.5) to apply for a retroactive TUE; or
  4. It is agreed, by WADA and by the Anti-Doping Organization to whom the application for a retroactive TUE is or would be made, that fairness requires the grant of a retroactive TUE.

WBSC OCEANIA shall appoint a standing panel of at least 3 physicians to consider applications for the grant orrecognition of TUEs (the TUE Committee). Upon WBSC OCEANIAs receipt of a TUE request, the WBSC OCEANIAs Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate shall appoint the TUE Committee which will consider suchrequest. The TUE Committee shall promptly evaluate and decide upon the application in accordance with therelevant provisions of the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions and the eventual specificWBSC OCEANIAs protocols posted on its website. Subject to Article 4.4.6 of these Rules, its decision shallbe the final decision of WBSC OCEANIA, and shall be reported to WADA and other relevant Anti-DopingOrganizations, including the Athlete's National Anti-Doping Organization, through ADAMS, inaccordance with the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions.

[Comment to Article 4.4.4: The submission of false or misleadingly incomplete information in support of a TUE application (including but notlimited to the failure to advise of the unsuccessful outcome of a prior application to another Anti-Doping Organization for such a TUE)may result in a charge of Tampering or Attempted Tampering under Article 2.5.

An Athlete should not assume that his/her application for grant or recognition of a TUE (or for renewal of a TUE) will be granted. Any Useor Possession or Administration of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method before an application has been granted is entirely at theAthletes own risk.]

4.4.5 Expiration, Cancellation, Withdrawal or Reversal of a TUE

4.4.5.1 A TUE granted pursuant to these Anti-Doping Rules: (a) shall expire automatically at the endof any term for which it was granted, without the need for any further notice or other formality; (b)may be cancelled if the Athlete does not promptly comply with any requirements or conditions imposedby the TUE Committee upon grant of the TUE; (c) may be withdrawn by the TUE Committee if it issubsequently determined that the criteria for grant of a TUE are not in fact met; or (d) may be reversedon review by WADA or on appeal.

4.4.5.2 In such event, the Athlete shall not be subject to any Consequences based on his/her Use or Possession or Administration of the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method in question inaccordance with the TUE prior to the effective date of expiry, cancellation, withdrawal or reversal ofthe TUE. The review pursuant to Article 7.2 of any subsequent Adverse Analytical Finding shall includeconsideration of whether such finding is consistent with Use of the Prohibited Substance or ProhibitedMethod prior to that date, in which event no anti- doping rule violation shall be asserted.

4.4.6 Reviews and Appeals of TUE Decisions

4.4.6.1 WBSC OCEANIAWADA shall review any decision by WBSC OCEANIA to grant a TUE that isreferred to WADA by the Athletes National Anti- Doping Organization. WADA may review any otherTUE decisions at any time, whether upon request by those affected or on its own initiative. If the TUEdecision being reviewed meets the criteria set out in the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions, WADA will not interfere with it. If the TUE decision does not meet those criteria, WADAwill reverse it.

4.4.6.2 Any TUE decision by WBSC OCEANIA (or by a National Anti-Doping Organization where it hasagreed to consider the application on behalf of WBSC OCEANIA) that is not reviewed by WADA, or thatis reviewed by WADA but is not reversed upon review, may be appealed by the Athlete and/or theAthletes National Anti-Doping Organization exclusively to CAS, in accordance with Article 13.

[Comment to Article 4.4.6.2: In such cases, the decision being appealed is the WBSC OCEANIAs TUE decision, not WADAs decision notto review the TUE decision or (having reviewed it) not to reverse the TUE decision. However, the deadline to appeal the TUE decision doesnot begin to run until the date that WADA communicates its decision. In any event, whether the decision has been reviewed by WADA ornot, WADA shall be given notice of the appeal so that it may participate if it sees fit.]

4.4.6.3 A decision by WADA to reverse a TUE decision may be appealed by the Athlete, the NationalAnti-Doping Organization and/or WBSC OCEANIA exclusively to CAS, in accordance with Article 13.

4.4.6.4 A failure to take action within a reasonable time on a properly submitted application forgrant or recognition of a TUE or for review of a TUE decision shall be considered a denial of theapplication.

ARTICLE 5: TESTING AND INVESTIGATIONS

5.1 Purpose of Testing and Investigations

Testing and investigations shall only be undertaken for anti-doping purposes. They shall be conducted in conformitywith the provisions of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations and the eventual specific protocolsof WBSC OCEANIA supplementing that International Standard.

5.1.1 Testing shall be undertaken to obtain analytical evidence as to the Athletes compliance (or non-compliance) with the strict Code prohibition on the presence/Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method. Test distribution planning, Testing, post-Testing activity and all related activities conducted by WBSC OCEANIA shall be in conformity with the International Standard for Testing and Investigations. WBSC OCEANIA shall determine the number of finishing placement tests, random tests and target tests to beperformed, in accordance with the criteria established by the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations. All provisions of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations shall applyautomatically in respect of all such Testing.

5.1.2 Investigations shall be undertaken:

5.1.2.1 in relation to Atypical Findings, Atypical Passport Findings and Adverse Passport Findings, inaccordance with Articles 7.4 and 7.5 respectively, gathering intelligence or evidence (including, inparticular, analytical evidence) in order to determine whether an anti-doping rule violation has occurredunder Article 2.1 and/or Article 2.2; and

5.1.2.2 in relation to other indications of potential anti-doping rule violations, in accordance withArticles 7.6 and 7.7, gathering intelligence or evidence (including, in particular, non-analyticalevidence) in order to determine whether an anti-doping rule violation has occurred under any ofArticles 2.2 to 2.10.

5.1.3 WBSC OCEANIA may obtain, assess and process anti-doping intelligence from all available sources,to inform the development of an effective, intelligent and proportionate test distribution plan, to plan TargetTesting, and/or to form the basis of an investigation into a possible anti- doping rule violation(s).

5.2 Authority to conduct Testing

5.2.1 Subject to the jurisdictional limitations for Event Testing set out in Article 5.3 of the Code, WBSC OCEANIA shall have In-Competition and Out-of- Competition Testing authority over all of the Athletesspecified in the Introduction to these Anti-Doping Rules (under the heading "Scope").

5.2.2 WBSC OCEANIA may require any Athlete over whom it has Testing authority (including any Athleteserving a period of Ineligibility) to provide a Sample at any time and at any place.

[Comment to Article 5.2.2: Unless the Athlete has identified a 60-minute time-slot for Testing between the hours of 11pm and 6am, orhas otherwise consented to Testing during that period, WBSC OCEANIA will not test an Athlete during that period unless it has a serious andspecific suspicion that the Athlete may be engaged in doping. A challenge to whether WBSC OCEANIA had sufficient suspicion for Testing inthat period shall not be a defense to an anti-doping rule violation based on such test or attempted test.]

5.2.3 WADA shall have In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing authority as set out in Article 20.7.8 of the Code.

5.2.4 If WBSC OCEANIA delegates or contracts any part of Testing to a National Anti-Doping Organization(directly or through a National Federation), that National Anti-Doping Organization may collect additionalSamples or direct the laboratory to perform additional types of analysis at the National Anti-DopingOrganizations expense. If additional Samples are collected or additional types of analysis are performed,WBSC OCEANIA shall be notified.

5.3 Event Testing

5.3.1 Except as provided in Article 5.3 of the Code, only a single organization should be responsible forinitiating and directing Testing at Event Venues during an Event Period. At International Events, the collection of Samples shall be initiated and directed by WBSC OCEANIA (or any other internationalorganization which is the ruling body for the Event). At the request of WBSC OCEANIA (or any otherinternational organization which is the ruling body for an Event), any Testing during the Event Period outsideof the Event Venues shall be coordinated with WBSC OCEANIA (or the relevant ruling body of the Event).

5.3.2 If an Anti-Doping Organization which would otherwise have Testing authority but is not responsible for initiating and directing Testing at an Event desires to conduct Testing of Athletes at the Event Venuesduring the Event Period, the Anti-Doping Organization shall first confer with WBSC OCEANIA (or any otherinternational organization which is the ruling body of the Event) to obtain permission to conduct and coordinate such Testing. If the Anti-Doping Organization is not satisfied with the response from WBSC OCEANIA (or anyother international organization which is the ruling body of the Event), the Anti-Doping Organization may askWADA for permission to conduct Testing and to determine how to coordinate such Testing, in accordance withthe procedures set out in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations. WADA shall not grantapproval for such Testing before consulting with and informing WBSC OCEANIA (or any other internationalorganization which is the ruling body for the Event). WADAs decision shall be final and not subject to appeal. Unless otherwise provided in the authorization to conduct Testing, such tests shall be considered Out-of-Competition tests. Results management for any such test shall be the responsibility of the Anti- DopingOrganization initiating the test unless provided otherwise in the rules of the ruling body of the Event.

5.3.3 Every organiser of WBSC OCEANIAs International Competitions or Events, (the list of thoseCompetitions or Events will be published each year on the WBSC OCEANIAs website) must plan for Doping Controls to take place and must ensure that, during the Event, the necessary facilities, Sample collectionmaterials and Doping Control personnel are available, and the Testing procedures are correctly applied inaccordance with the International Standard for Testing and Investigation and conducted by qualified persons so authorized.

5.3.4 At WBSC OCEANIA International Competitions or Events, where WBSC OCEANIA is the ruling body,the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate shall be responsible for co-ordinating all Testing, in accordance with Article 5.3 of the Code.

5.3.5 The overall costs of Testing and Sample analysis is the responsibility of the organizing committeeand/or the National Federation of the country in which the Competition or Event is taking place. WBSC OCEANIA may at its own discretion decide to take responsibility for those costs.

5.4 Test Distribution Planning

Consistent with the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, and in coordination with other Anti-DopingOrganizations conducting Testing on the same Athletes, WBSC OCEANIA shall develop and implement an effective,intelligent and proportionate test distribution plan that prioritizes appropriately between disciplines, categories ofAthletes, types of Testing, types of Samples collected, and types of Sample analysis, all in compliance with therequirements of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations. WBSC OCEANIA shall provide WADA uponrequest with a copy of its current test distribution plan.

WBSC OCEANIA shall ensure that Athlete Support Personnel and/or any other Person with a conflict of interest are notinvolved in test distribution plan for their Athletes or in the process of selection of Athletes for Testing.

5.5 Coordination of Testing

Where reasonably feasible, Testing shall be coordinated through ADAMS or another system approved by WADA in orderto maximize the effectiveness of the combined Testing effort and to avoid unnecessary repetitive Testing.

5.6 Athlete Whereabouts Information

5.6.1 WBSC OCEANIA may identify a Registered Testing Pool of those Athletes who are required to complywith the whereabouts requirements of Annex I to the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, and shall make available through ADAMS, a list which identifies those Athletes included in its RegisteredTesting Pool either by name or by clearly defined, specific criteria. WBSC OCEANIA shall coordinate withNational Anti-Doping Organizations the identification of such Athletes and the collection of theirwhereabouts information. WBSC OCEANIA shall review and update as necessary its criteria for includingAthletes in its Registered Testing Pool, and shall revise the membership of its Registered Testing Pool fromtime to time as appropriate in accordance with the set criteria. Athletes shall be notified before they are includedin a Registered Testing Pool and when they are removed from that pool. Each Athlete in the RegisteredTesting Pool shall do the following, in each case in accordance with Annex I to the International Standard forTesting and Investigations: (a) advise WBSC OCEANIA of his/her whereabouts on a quarterly basis; (b)update that information as necessary so that it remains accurate and complete at all times; and (c) makehim/herself available for Testing at such whereabouts.

5.6.2 For purposes of Article 2.4, an Athletes failure to comply with the requirements of the InternationalStandard for Testing and Investigations shall be deemed a filing failure or a missed test (as defined in theInternational Standard for Testing and Investigations) where the conditions set forth in the InternationalStandard for Testing and Investigations for declaring a filing failure or missed test are met.

5.6.3 An Athlete in WBSC OCEANIAs Registered Testing Pool shall continue to be subject to the obligationto comply with the whereabouts requirements of Annex I to the International Standard for Testing and Investigations unless and until (a) the Athlete gives written notice to WBSC OCEANIA that he/she has retiredor (b) WBSC OCEANIA has informed him or her that he/she no longer satisfies the criteria for inclusion in WBSC OCEANIA's Registered Testing Pool.

5.6.4 Whereabouts information relating to an Athlete shall be shared (through ADAMS) with WADA andother Anti-Doping Organizations having authority to test that Athlete, shall be maintained in strict confidenceat all times, shall be used exclusively for the purposes set out in Article 5.6 of the Code, and shall bedestroyed in accordance with the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and PersonalInformation once it is no longer relevant for these purposes.

5.6.5 Each National Federation shall use its best efforts to ensure that Athletes in the WBSC OCEANIAsRegistered Testing Pool submit whereabouts information as required. However, the ultimate responsibility forproviding whereabouts information rests with each Athlete. Every National Federation shall report to WBSC OCEANIA the relevant contact details (names, postal and email addresses etc.) of all Athletes identified to be part of the Registered Testing Pool established by WBSC OCEANIA.

5.6.6. Testing Pool of Athletes/National Teams

WBSC OCEANIA may identify a Testing Pool of those Athletes/National Teams who are required to comply withthe WBSC OCEANIA whereabouts requirements.

Athletes/National Teams shall be notified before they are included in the Testing Pool and when they areremoved from that pool. Each Athlete/National Team in the Testing Pool shall provide to WBSC OCEANIA atleast the following information:

  1. An up-to-date mailing and e-mail address,
  2. Training whereabouts (including usual training venue/s addresses and usual timing of the training) and
  3. All national team activities (including training, camps and matches with accurate schedules and addresses)

The Athletes/National Teams included in the Testing Pool shall provide the information on a regular basis, bythe relevant deadline communicated by the WBSC OCEANIA. The collecting of whereabouts shall be coordinated with the National Federation and the National Anti-Doping Organisation and the WBSC OCEANIA may delegate the responsibility to collect Testing Pool Athlete Whereabouts Information to its NationalFederations.

Every National Federation shall report to WBSC OCEANIA the relevant contact details (names, postal andemail addresses etc.) of all Athletes identified to be part of the Testing Pool established by WBSC OCEANIA.

More information about WBSC OCEANIA Testing Pools and the current whereabouts requirements can befound on the WBSC OCEANIA website.

5.7 Selection of Athletes to be tested

5.7.1 At its International Competitions or Events, WBSC OCEANIA shall determine the number of finishingtests, random tests and target tests to be performed.

5.7.2 In order to ensure that Testing is conducted on a No Advance Notice Testing basis, the Athleteselection decisions shall only disclosed in advance of Testing to those who need to know in order for suchTesting to be conducted.

5.8 In Competition Testing

5.8.1 Upon selection of an Athlete for Doping Control during a Competition, the following procedures shall be followed.

5.8.2 The official responsible for notifying the Athlete for Doping Control (whether the Doping Control Officer(DCO) or Chaperone) shall write the name of the Athlete on the official notification form and present it to theAthlete, as discreetly as possible, immediately after the Athlete has completed his Competition. The Athlete shall sign to confirm receipt of the notification and retain a copy. The time of signing shall be recorded on theform. The Athlete must stay in view of the Chaperone until reporting to the Doping Control Station.

5.8.3 If an Athlete refuses to sign the notification form, the Chaperone shall immediately report this to theDoping Control Officer who shall make every effort to inform the Athlete of his obligation to undergo DopingControl and the consequences of his not submitting himself to the control. If the Athlete fails or refuses tosign this notice or fails to report to the Doping Control Station as required, the Athlete shall be deemed tohave refused to submit to Doping Control for the purpose of Articles 2.3 and 10.3.1 of these rules. Even if theAthlete indicates reluctance to report to the Doping Control Station, the Chaperone shall keep the Athlete in view until there is no question that the Athlete has refused to submit to Doping Control.

5.8.4 The Athlete is required to report immediately to the Doping Control Station, unless there is a validreason for a delay, as determined in accordance with Article 5.8.8.

5.8.5 The Athlete shall be entitled to be accompanied to the Doping Control Station by (i) a Competition-accredited representative from his National Federation, and (ii) an interpreter if required.

5.8.6 Minor Athletes shall be entitled to be accompanied by a representative, but the representative cannotdirectly observe the passing of the urine Sample unless requested to do so by the Minor.

5.8.7 The Athlete must show a valid identification document at the Doping Control Station. The Athletestime of arrival at the Doping Control Station shall be recorded on the doping control form.

5.8.8 The Athlete has the right to ask the DCO or Chaperone for permission to delay reporting to the DopingControl Station and/or to leave the Doping Control Station temporarily after arrival, but the request may begranted only if the Athlete can be continuously chaperoned and kept under direct observation during thedelay, and if the request relates to the following activities:

  1. Participation in a presentation ceremony;
  2. Fulfilment of media commitments; c) Competing in further Competitions; d) Performing a warm down;
  3. Obtaining necessary medical treatment;
  4. Locating a representative and/or interpreter;
  5. Obtaining photo identification; or
  6. Any other reasonable circumstances as determined by the DCO, taking into account any instructions ofWBSC OCEANIA or other Testing Authority with jurisdiction at an Event.

5.8.9 Only the following Persons may be present in the Doping Control Station:

  1. The Doping Control Officer/s and the Chaperone/ b) Staff assigned to the station
  2. Authorized interpreters
  3. The Athletes selected for Doping Control and their representative e) The WADAs Independent Observer

The news media shall not be admitted to the Doping Control Station. The doors of the station must not be leftopen.

No photography or filming shall be permitted in the Doping Control Station during the hours of operation.

Out-of-Competition Testing

5.8.10 Out-Of-Competition Testing may be conducted by WBSC OCEANIA, WADA or a National Anti-DopingOrganization (or agencies appointed by them) at any time or location in any member country. This Testingshall be carried out without any advance notice to the Athlete or his National Federation. Every Athleteaffiliated with a National Federation is obliged to undergo Out-of-Competition Testing as decided by the WBSC OCEANIA, WADA or the National Anti-Doping Organization.

5.9 Procedures

5.9.1 The Testing procedure shall be in conformity with the requirements of the International Standard forTesting and Investigations. The article below provides information on procedure for the collection of Samplesunder the jurisdiction of WBSC OCEANIA at WBSC OCEANIA Competitions and Event and also for Out-of-Competition Testing. In the event of any conflict with the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, the International Standard for Testing and Investigations shall prevail.

5.9.2 Each Athlete asked to provide a Sample shall also provide information on an official Doping ControlForm. The Athletes name, post and email addresses, his country, telephone numbers, the code number of theSample and the event identification will be entered into the form. The Athlete shall declare any medicationand nutritional supplements that he/she has used in the preceding seven (7) days. The form shall alsoprovide the names of the people present at the Doping Control Station involved with the obtaining of theSample, including the Doping Control Officer (DCO) in charge of the station. Any irregularities must beregistered on the form. The form shall include at least four copies for distribution as follows:

  1. a copy to be retained by the DCO for forwarding to the WBSC OCEANIA Office by the day after theCompetition;
  2. a copy to be given to the Athlete;
  3. a special copy to be sent to the Laboratory which is to conduct the analysis - this laboratory copy mustbe so designed that it does not contain any information which could identify the Athlete who provided the Sample;
  4. an extra copy, for distribution as the WBSC OCEANIA deems appropriate and in accordance with the International Standard for Protection of Privacy and Personal Informati

5.9.3 The Athlete shall select a sealed collection vessel from a number of such vessels, visually check that itis empty and clean, and proceed to provide the required amount of urine established in the International Standard for Testing and Investigation under the direct supervision of, and within the view of, the DCO orappropriate official (Chaperone/s) who shall be of the same gender as the Athlete.

Sample Collection Equipment systems shall, at a minimum, meet the following criteria.

They shall:

  1. Have a unique numbering system incorporated into all bottles, containers, tubes or other items used to seal the Sample;
  2. Have a sealing system that is tamper-evident;
  3. Ensure the identity of the Athlete is not evident from the equipment itself; and
  4. Ensure that all equipment is clean and sealed prior to use by the Athlete.

To ensure authenticity of the Sample, the DCO and/or Chaperone will require such disrobing as is necessaryto confirm the urine is produced by the Athlete. No one other than the Athlete and the person authorized bythese rules shall be present when the urine Sample is collected. Blood Testing may be performed prior to, afteror instead of a urine Sample.

5.9.4 The Athlete shall remain in the Doping Control Station until he or she has fulfilled the duty to pass anadequate quantity of urine. If the Athlete is unable to provide the required amount, the urine which is collected shall be sealed in a container and the seal shall be broken when the Athlete is ready to provide moreurine. The Athlete may be required to retain custody of the sealed container while waiting to provide moreurine.

5.9.5 When the Athlete has provided the required volume of urine, he or she shall select from a number ofsuch kits a sealed urine control kit, containing two containers for Samples A and B. The Athlete shall check tobe sure the containers are empty and clean.

5.9.6 The Athlete, or his representative, shall pour approximately two- thirds of the urine from the collectionvessel into the A bottle and one- third into the B bottle which are then sealed as provided for in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations. Having closed both bottles the Athlete shall check thatno leakage can occur. The DCO may, with permission of the Athlete, assist the Athlete with the procedures inthis article. The Athlete must also verify at each step in the Doping Control procedure that each bottle hasthe same code and that this is the same code as entered on the Doping Control Form.

5.9.7 The DCO should continue to collect additional Samples until the requirement for Suitable SpecificGravity for Analysis is met, or until the DCO determines that there are exceptional circumstances which mean that for logistical reasons it is impossible to continue with the Sample Collection Session. Such exceptionalcircumstances shall be documented accordingly by the DCO.

5.9.8 The Athlete shall certify, by signing the Doping Control Form (see art. 5.10.2), that the entire processhas been performed in compliance with the procedures outlined above. The Athlete shall also record any irregularities or procedural deviations he/she identifies. Any irregularities or procedural deviations identifiedby the Athletes accredited representative (if present), the DCO, or station staff shall be recorded on theform. The form will also be signed by the Athletes accredited representative (if present).

5.9.9 The accumulation of Samples may take place over time before dispatch to the laboratory. During thistime, the Samples must be kept secure. If there is prolonged delay in dispatching the Samples to the laboratory, storage in a cool, secure place is necessary to ensure no possible deterioration could occur. TheDCO should detail and documenting the location where Samples are stored and who has custody of theSamples and/or is permitted access to the Samples.

5.9.10 At WBSC OCEANIA International Events, the National Federation and/or the Organizing Committeemust ensure that a Doping Control Station reasonably separated from public activities with the followingminimum requirements is set up for the event:

- one (1) private room (Doping Control Station) exclusively dedicated for use by the DCO and doping controlpersonnel with one (1) table, two (2) chairs, pens and paper, and one (1) lockable refrigerator; and

- a waiting room/area with a suitable number of chairs as well as an

appropriate amount of individually sealed, non-caffeinated and non- alcoholic beverages, which includes amix of natural mineral water and soft drinks; and

- one (1) private, clean and equipped bathroom/toilet, adjacent or as near as possible to the Doping ControlStation and waiting area.

5.9.11 The National Federation and/or the Organizing Committee must also ensure that at least one (1) staffmember is designated who is able to act as point-of-contact and support for the Doping Control Officer/s(DCOs) and the Chaperone/s during the Doping Control mission, with the contact name and details of thisstaff member to be communicated to the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate at leastfour (4) weeks prior to the starting date of the Event.

Prior to the Event, the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping administrator and/or its delegate may communicate tothe National Federation and/or the Organizing Committee a specific number of Chaperones. The National

Federation and/or Organizing Committee shall accordingly be required to provide the number of Chaperones so requested.

5.10 Additional Procedures related to the collection of Samples while Out-Of-Competition.

5.10.1 When an Athlete has been selected for No Advance Notice Testing, the DCO will arrive unannounced atthe Athletes training camp, accommodation or any other place where the Athlete may be found. The DCO shallshow proof of identity and provide a copy of his letter of authority. The DCO shall also require proof ofidentity of the Athlete.

The actual collection of the Sample shall be in accordance with the International Standard for Testing and Investigation.

5.10.2 As the DCOs arrival is with No Advance Notice, he should give the Athlete reasonable time tocomplete any reasonable activity in which he is engaged under the observation of the DCO, but Testing should commence as soon as possible.

5.10.3 Each Athlete selected for Out-of-Competition Testing shall complete a Doping Control Form similar to the form described in article 5.10.1.

5.10.4 If the Athlete refuses to provide a urine Sample, the DCO shall note this on the Doping Control Form,sign his name on the form and ask the Athlete to sign the form. The DCO shall also note any otherirregularities in the Doping Control process.

5.10.5 The nature of Out-of-Competition Doping Control requires that no prior warning is given to the Athlete.Every effort will be made by the DCO to collect the Sample speedily and efficiently with the minimum of interruption to the Athletes training, social or work arrangements. If there is an interruption, however, noAthlete may take action to gain compensation for any inconvenience or other loss incurred. Furthermore, anyinterruption for Testing shall not be a defense to an anti-doping rule violation based on such test orattempted test.

In the event that there is any conflict between this Article and the provisions of the International Standard forTesting and Investigations, the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, the InternationalStandard for Testing and Investigations shall prevail.

5.11 Retired Athletes Returning to Competition

5.11.1 An Athlete in WBSC OCEANIAs Registered Testing Pool who has given notice of retirementto WBSC OCEANIA may not resume competing in International Events or National Events until he/she has given WBSC OCEANIA written notice of his/her intent to resume competing and has made him/herselfavailable for Testing for a period of six months before returning to Competition, including (if requested)complying with the whereabouts requirements of Annex I to the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations. WADA, in consultation with WBSC OCEANIA and the Athlete's National Anti-DopingOrganization, may grant an exemption to the six-month written notice rule where the strict application of thatrule would be manifestly unfair to an Athlete. This decision may be appealed under Article 13. Anycompetitive results obtained in violation of this Article 5.7.1 shall be Disqualified.

5.11.2 If an Athlete retires from sport while subject to a period of Ineligibility, the Athlete shall notresume competing in International Events or National Events until the Athlete has given six months prior written notice (or notice equivalent to the period of Ineligibility remaining as of the date the Athlete retired, ifthat period was longer than six months) to WBSC OCEANIA and to his/her National Anti-Doping Organization of his/her intent to resume competing and has made him/herself available for Testing for that notice period,including (if requested) complying with the whereabouts requirements of Annex I to the InternationalStandard for Testing and Investigations.

5.11.3 An Athlete who is not in WBSC OCEANIAs Registered Testing Pool who has given notice ofretirement to WBSC OCEANIA may not resume competing unless he/she notifies WBSC OCEANIA andhis/her National Anti-Doping Organization at least six months before he/she wishes to return to Competitionand makes him/herself available for unannounced Out-of- Competition Testing, including (if requested)complying with the whereabouts requirements of Annex I to the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations, during the period before actual return to Competition.

5.11.4 In the case of an Athlete that resumes competing without respecting the six-month written notice,WBSC OCEANIA may sanction the Athlete under WBSC OCEANIA's disciplinary rules/code of conduct.Notwithstanding the aforementioned, an Athlete who has retired from sport while subject to a period ofIneligibility but who resumes competing without respecting Article 5.11.2 of these Rules shall also be subjectto the Consequences as described in Article 10.12 of these Rules.

5.12 Independent Observer Program

WBSC OCEANIA and the organizing committees for WBSC OCEANIAs Events, as well as the National Federationsand the organizing committees for National Events, shall authorize and facilitate the Independent Observer Programat such Events.

ARTICLE 6 ANALYSIS OF SAMPLES

Samples shall be analyzed in accordance with the following principles:

6.1 Use of Accredited and Approved Laboratories

For purposes of Article 2.1, Samples shall be analyzed only in laboratories accredited or otherwise approved by WADA. The choice of the WADA- accredited or WADA-approved laboratory used for the Sample analysis shall be determined exclusively by WBSC OCEANIA.

[Comment to Article 6.1: Violations of Article 2.1 may be established only by Sample analysis performed by a laboratory accredited orotherwise approved by WADA. Violations of other Articles may be established using analytical results from other laboratories so long as theresults are reliable.]

6.2 Purpose of Analysis of Samples

6.2.1 Samples shall be analyzed to detect Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods and othersubstances as may be directed by WADA pursuant to the Monitoring Program described in Article 4.5 of theCode; or to assist WBSC OCEANIA in profiling relevant parameters in an Athletes urine, blood or other matrix,including DNA or genomic profiling; or for any other legitimate anti-doping purpose. Samples may becollected and stored for future analysis.

[Comment to Article 6.2.1: For example, relevant profile information could be used to direct Target Testing or to support an anti-doping ruleviolation proceeding under Article 2.2, or both.]

6.2.2 WBSC OCEANIA shall ask laboratories to analyze Samples in conformity with Article 6.4 of the Codeand Article 4.7 of the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

6.3 Research on Samples

No Sample may be used for research without the Athlete's written consent. Samples used for purposes other thanArticle 6.2 shall have any means of identification removed such that they cannot be traced back to a particularAthlete.

6.4 Standards for Sample Analysis and Reporting

Laboratories shall analyze Samples and report results in conformity with the International Standard for Laboratories. To ensure effective Testing, the Technical Document referenced at Article 5.4.1 of the Code willestablish risk assessment-based Sample analysis menus appropriate for particular sports and sport disciplines,and laboratories shall analyze Samples in conformity with those menus, except as follows:

6.4.1 WBSC OCEANIA may request that laboratories analyze its Samples using more extensive menus thanthose described in the Technical Document.

6.4.2 WBSC OCEANIA may request that laboratories analyze its Samples using less extensive menus thanthose described in the Technical Document only if it has satisfied WADA that, because of the particular circumstances of its sport, as set out in its test distribution plan, less extensive analysis would be appropriate.

6.4.3 As provided in the International Standard for Laboratories, laboratories at their own initiative andexpense may analyze Samples for Prohibited Substances or Prohibited Methods not included on theSample analysis menu described in the Technical Document or specified by the Testing authority. Results from any such analysis shall be reported and have the same validity and consequence as any other analyticalresult.

[Comment to Article 6.4: The objective of this Article is to extend the principle of intelligent Testing to the Sample analysis menu so as tomost effectively and efficiently detect doping. It is recognized that the resources available to fight doping are limited and that increasing theSample analysis menu may, in some sports and countries, reduce the number of Samples which can be analyzed.]

6.5 Further Analysis of Samples

Any Sample may be stored and subsequently subjected to further analysis for the purposes set out in Article 6.2: (a) by WADA at any time; and/or (b) by WBSC OCEANIA at any time before both the A and B Sample analyticalresults (or A Sample result where B Sample analysis has been waived or will not be performed) have beencommunicated by WBSC OCEANIA to the Athlete as the asserted basis for an Article 2.1 anti-doping rule violation.Such further analysis of Samples shall conform with the requirements of the International Standard for Laboratoriesand the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

ARTICLE 7: RESULTS MANAGEMENT

7.1 Responsibility for Conducting Results Management

7.1.1 The circumstances in which WBSC OCEANIA shall take responsibility for conducting resultsmanagement in respect of anti-doping rule violations involving Athletes and other Persons under its jurisdictionshall be determined by reference to and in accordance with Article 7 of the Code.

7.1.2 The WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate will conduct the review discussed inArticles 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5 and 7.6. The review prescribed in Article 7.7 should be conducted by a DopingReview Panel consisting of a Chair (who may be the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or itsdelegate) and at least 2 other members with experience in anti- doping.

7.2 Review of Adverse Analytical Findings From Tests Initiated by WBSC OCEANIA

Results management in respect of the results of tests initiated by WBSC OCEANIA (including tests performed byWADA pursuant to agreement with WBSC OCEANIA) shall proceed as follows:

7.2.1 The results from all analyses must be sent to WBSC OCEANIA in encoded form, in a report signed byan authorized representative of the laboratory. All communication must be conducted confidentially and in conformity with ADAMS.

7.2.2 Upon receipt of an Adverse Analytical Finding, WBSC OCEANIA Anti- Doping Administrator or itsdelegate shall conduct a review to determine whether: (a) an applicable TUE has been granted or will begranted as provided in the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions, or (b) there is anyapparent departure from the International Standard for Testing and Investigations or International Standardfor Laboratories that caused the Adverse Analytical Finding.

7.2.3 If the review of an Adverse Analytical Finding under Article 7.2.2 reveals an applicable TUE ordeparture from the International Standard for Testing and Investigations or the International Standard for Laboratories that caused the Adverse Analytical Finding, the entire test shall be considered negative and theAthlete, the Athletes National Anti- Doping Organization and WADA shall be so informed.

7.3 Notification After Review Regarding Adverse Analytical Findings

7.3.1 If the review of an Adverse Analytical Finding under Article 7.2.2 does not reveal an applicable TUE orentitlement to a TUE as provided in the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions, or departurefrom the International Standard for Testing and Investigations or the International Standard for Laboratoriesthat caused the Adverse Analytical Finding, WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate shallpromptly notify the Athlete, and simultaneously the Athletes National Anti-Doping Organization and WADA, inthe manner set out in Article 14.1, of: (a) the Adverse Analytical Finding; (b) the anti-doping rule violated;(c) the Athlete's right to promptly request the analysis of the B Sample or, failing such request, that the BSample analysis may be deemed waived; (d) the scheduled date, time and place for the B Sample analysis ifthe Athlete or WBSC OCEANIA chooses to request an analysis of the B Sample; (e) the opportunity for theAthlete and/or the Athlete's representative to attend the B Sample opening and analysis in accordance withthe International Standard for Laboratories if such analysis is requested; (f) the Athlete's right to requestcopies of the A and B Sample laboratory documentation package which includes information as required bythe International Standard for Laboratories;(g) the Athletes right to request a hearing or, failing such requestwithin the deadline specified in the notification, that the hearing may be deemed waived; (h) the opportunityfor the Athlete to provide written explanation about the overall circumstances of the case or to dispute(within a specific deadline indicated in the notification) the WBSC OCEANIA assertion that an anti-doping rule violation has occurred (i) the imposition of a mandatory Provisional Suspension (in case described in article7.9.1) (j) the imposition of the optional Provisional Suspension in cases where WBSC OCEANIA decides toimpose it in accordance with Article 7.9.2 (k) the opportunity to accept voluntarily a Provisional Suspension pending the resolution of the matter, in all cases where a Provisional Suspension has not been imposed (l)the Athletes opportunity to promptly admit the anti-doping rule violation and consequently request thereduction in the period of Ineligibility as described in Article 10.6.3 (m) the Athletes opportunity to cooperateand provide Substantial Assistance in discovering or establishing Anti-Doping Rule Violations as described inArticle 10.6.1. If WBSC OCEANIA decides not to bring forward the Adverse Analytical Finding as an anti-doping rule violation, it shall so notify the Athlete, the Athletes National Anti-Doping Organization and WADA.

7.3.2 Where requested by the Athlete or WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate,arrangements shall be made to analyze the B Sample in accordance with the International Standard for Laboratories. An Athlete may accept the A Sample analytical results by waiving the requirement for B Sampleanalysis. WBSC OCEANIA may nonetheless elect to proceed with the B Sample analysis.

7.3.3 The Athlete and/or his representative shall be allowed to be present at the analysis of the B Sample.Also, a representative of WBSC OCEANIA as well as a representative of the Athlete's National Federation shallbe allowed to be present.

7.3.4 If the B Sample analysis does not confirm the A Sample analysis, then (unless WBSC OCEANIA takesthe case forward as an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.2) the entire test shall be considerednegative and the Athlete, the Athletes National Anti-Doping Organization and WADA shall be so informed.

7.3.5 If the B Sample analysis confirms the A Sample analysis, the findings shall be reported to theAthlete, the Athletes National Anti- Doping Organization and to WADA.

7.4 Review of Atypical Findings

7.4.1 As provided in the International Standard for Laboratories, in some circumstances laboratories aredirected to report the presence of Prohibited Substances, which may also be produced endogenously, as Atypical Findings, i.e., as findings that are subject to further investigation.

7.4.2 Upon receipt of an Atypical Finding, WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate shallconduct a review to determine whether: (a) an applicable TUE has been granted or will be granted asprovided in the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions, or (b) there is any apparent departurefrom the International Standard for Testing and Investigations or International Standard for Laboratories thatcaused the Atypical Finding.

7.4.3 If the review of an Atypical Finding under Article 7.4.2 reveals an applicable TUE or a departure fromthe International Standard for Testing and Investigations or the International Standard for Laboratories thatcaused the Atypical Finding, the entire test shall be considered negative and the Athlete, the Athletes National Anti-Doping Organization and WADA shall be so informed.

7.4.4 If that review does not reveal an applicable TUE or a departure from the International Standard forTesting and Investigations or the International Standard for Laboratories that caused the Atypical Finding, WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate shall conduct the required investigation or cause itto be conducted. After the investigation is completed, either the Atypical Finding will be brought forward asan Adverse Analytical Finding, in accordance with Article

7.3.1, or else the Athlete, the Athletes National Anti-Doping Organization and WADA shall be notified that theAtypical Finding will not be brought forward as an Adverse Analytical Finding.

7.4.5 WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate will not provide notice of an Atypical Findinguntil it has completed its investigation and has decided whether it will bring the Atypical Finding forwardas an Adverse Analytical Finding unless one of the following circumstances exists:

7.4.5.1 If WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate determines the B Sample shouldbe analyzed prior to the conclusion of its investigation, it may conduct the B Sample analysis afternotifying the Athlete, with such notice to include a description of the Atypical Finding and theinformation described in Article 7.3.1(d)-(f).

7.4.5.2 If WBSC OCEANIA is asked (a) by a Major Event Organization shortly before one of itsInternational Events, or (b) by a sport organization responsible for meeting an imminent deadline for selecting team members for an International Event, to disclose whether any Athlete identified on alist provided by the Major Event Organization or sport organization has a pending Atypical Finding,WBSC OCEANIA shall so advise the Major Event Organization or sports organization after first providingnotice of the Atypical Finding to the Athlete.

7.5 Review of Atypical Passport Findings and Adverse Passport

Findings

Review of Atypical Passport Findings and Adverse Passport Findings shall take place as provided in the InternationalStandard for Testing and Investigations and International Standard for Laboratories. At such time as WBSC OCEANIAAnti-Doping Administrator or its delegate is satisfied that an anti-doping rule violation has occurred, it shall promptlygive the Athlete (and simultaneously the Athletes National Anti-Doping Organization and WADA) notice of the anti-doping rule violation asserted and the basis of that assertion.

7.6 Review of Whereabouts Failures

The WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate shall review potential filing failures and missed tests, as defined in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, in respect of Athletes who file their whereaboutsinformation with WBSC OCEANIA, in accordance with Annex I to the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations. At such time as the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate is satisfied that anArticle 2.4 anti-doping rule violation has occurred, it shall promptly give the Athlete (and simultaneously the AthletesNational Anti- Doping Organization and WADA) notice that it is asserting a violation of Article

2.4 and the basis of that assertion.

7.7 Review of Other Anti-Doping Rule Violations Not Covered by Articles 7.2–7.6

The WBSC OCEANIA Doping Review Panel shall conduct any follow-up investigation required into a possible anti-doping rule violation not covered by Articles 7.2-

7.6. At such time as the WBSC OCEANIA Doping Review Panel is satisfied that an anti- doping rule violation hasoccurred, it shall promptly give the Athlete or other Person (and simultaneously the Athletes or other PersonsNational Anti-Doping

Organization and WADA) notice of the anti-doping rule violation asserted and the basis of that assertion.

7.8 Identification of Prior Anti-Doping Rule Violations

Before giving an Athlete or other Person notice of an asserted anti-doping rule violation as provided above, WBSC OCEANIA shall refer to ADAMS and contact WADA and other relevant Anti-Doping Organizations to determine whetherany prior anti- doping rule violation exists.

7.9 Provisional Suspensions

7.9.1 Mandatory Provisional Suspension: If analysis of an A Sample has resulted in an AdverseAnalytical Finding for a Prohibited Substance that is not a Specified Substance, or for a Prohibited Method, anda review in accordance with Article 7.2.2 does not reveal an applicable TUE or departure from theInternational Standard for Testing and Investigations or the International Standard for Laboratories that caused the Adverse Analytical Finding, a Provisional Suspension shall be imposed upon or promptly after thenotification described in Articles 7.2, 7.3 or 7.5.

7.9.2 Optional Provisional Suspension: In case of an Adverse Analytical Finding for a Specified Substance, or in the case of any other anti-doping rule violations not covered by Article 7.9.1, WBSC OCEANIA Anti- Doping Administrator or its delegate may impose a Provisional Suspension on the Athlete orother Person against whom the anti-doping rule violation is asserted at any time after the review andnotification described in Articles 7.2–7.7 and prior to the final hearing as described in Article 8.

7.9.3 Where a Provisional Suspension is imposed pursuant to Article

7.9.1 or Article 7.9.2, the Athlete or other Person shall be given either: (a) an opportunity for a ProvisionalHearing either before or on a timely basis after imposition of the Provisional Suspension, upon request by theAthlete or other Person; or (b) an opportunity for an expedited final hearing in accordance with Article 8 on atimely basis after imposition of the Provisional Suspension. Furthermore, the Athlete or other Person has aright to appeal from the Provisional Suspension in accordance with Article 13.2 (save as set out in Article7.9.3.1).

7.9.3.1 The Provisional Suspension may be lifted if the Athlete demonstrates to the hearingpanel that the violation is likely to have involved a Contaminated Product. A hearing panels decision notto lift a mandatory Provisional Suspension on account of the Athletes assertion regarding aContaminated Product shall not be appealable.

7.9.3.2 The Provisional Suspension shall be imposed (or shall not be lifted) unless the Athleteor other Person establishes that: (a) the assertion of an anti-doping rule violation has noreasonable prospect of being upheld, e.g., because of a patent flaw in the case against the Athlete orother Person; or (b) the Athlete or other Person has a strong arguable case that he/she bears No Faultor Negligence for the anti-doping rule violation(s) asserted, so that any period of Ineligibility that mightotherwise be imposed for such a violation is likely to be completely eliminated by application of Article10.4; or (c) some other facts exist that make it clearly unfair, in all of the circumstances, to impose aProvisional Suspension prior to a final hearing in accordance with Article 8. This ground is to beconstrued narrowly, and applied only in truly exceptional circumstances. For example, the fact thatthe Provisional Suspension would prevent the Athlete or other Person participating in a particular Competition or Event shall not qualify as exceptional circumstances for these purposes.

7.9.4 If a Provisional Suspension is imposed based on an A Sample Adverse Analytical Finding andsubsequent analysis of the B Sample does not confirm the A Sample analysis, then the Athlete shall not be subject to any further Provisional Suspension on account of a violation of Article 2.1. In circumstances wherethe Athlete (or the Athlete's team) has been removed from a Competition based on a violation of Article 2.1 andthe subsequent B Sample analysis does not confirm the A Sample finding, then if it is still possible for theAthlete or team to be reinserted, without otherwise affecting the Competition, the Athlete or team may continue to take part in the Competition. In addition, the Athlete or team may thereafter take part in otherCompetitions in the same Event.

7.9.5 In all cases where an Athlete or other Person has been notified of an anti-doping rule violation buta Provisional Suspension has not been imposed on him or her, the Athlete or other Person shall be offered the opportunity to accept a Provisional Suspension voluntarily pending the resolution of the matter.

[Comment to Article 7.9: Athletes and other Persons shall receive credit for a Provisional Suspension against any period of Ineligibility whichis ultimately imposed. See Articles 10.11.3.1 and 10.11.3.2.]

7.10 Resolution Without a Hearing

7.10.1 Agreement between parties

At any time during the results management process the Athlete or other Person may agree with WBSC OCEANIA on the Consequences which are either mandated by the Code or which the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate considers appropriate where discretion as to Consequences exists underthese Rules and the Code. The agreement shall state the full reasons for any period of Ineligibility agreed upon,including (if applicable) a justification for why the discretion as to Consequences was applied.

Such agreement shall be deemed to be a decision made under these Anti- Doping Rules within the meaning ofArticle 13.

The decision will be reported to the parties with a right toappeal under Article 13.2.3 as provided in Article 14.2.2 and shall be published in accordance with Article 14.3.2.

7.10.2 Waiver of hearing

An Athlete or other Person against whom an anti-doping rule violation is asserted may waive a hearingexpressly.

Alternatively, if the Athlete or other Person against whom an anti-doping rule violation is asserted fails to requestthe hearing and/or to dispute that assertion within the deadline specified in the notice sent by the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate asserting the violation, then he/she shall be deemed tohave waived a hearing.

7.10.3 Process in case of Athletes waiving of hearing

In cases where Article 7.10.2 applies, a hearing before a hearing panel shall not be required. Instead WBSC OCEANIAs Doping Administrator or its delegate will refer the case to the WBSC OCEANIA Doping Hearing Panelfor adjudication, transmitting all the available documents of the case.

The WBSC OCEANIAs Doping Hearing Panel is composed of at least three members

(one Chair and two members) nominated by WBSC OCEANIA.

The WBSC OCEANIAs Doping Hearing Panel shall promptly issue a written decision (in accordance with art 8.2)about the commission of the anti-doping rule violation and the Consequences imposed as a result, and settingout the full reasons for any period of Ineligibility imposed, including (if applicable) a justification for why themaximum potential period of Ineligibility was not imposed. The WBSC OCEANIA shall send copies of thatdecision to other Anti-Doping Organizations with a right to appeal under Article

13.2.3, and shall Publicly Disclose that decision in accordance with Article 14.3.2.

7.11 Notification of Results Management Decisions

In all cases where WBSC OCEANIA has asserted the commission of an anti-doping rule violation, withdrawn theassertion of an anti-doping rule violation, imposed a Provisional Suspension, or agreed with an Athlete or otherPerson on the imposition of Consequences without a hearing, WBSC OCEANIA shall give notice thereof in accordance with Article 14.2.1 to other Anti-Doping Organizations with a right to appeal under Article 13.2.3.

7.12 Retirement from Sport

If an Athlete or other Person retires while WBSC OCEANIA is conducting the results management process, WBSC OCEANIA retains jurisdiction to complete its results management process. If an Athlete or other Personretires before any results management process has begun, and WBSC OCEANIA would have had results management authority over the Athlete or other Person at the time the Athlete or other Person committed an anti-doping rule violation, WBSC OCEANIA has authority to conduct results management in respect of that anti-dopingrule violation.

[Comment to Article 7.12: Conduct by an Athlete or other Person before the Athlete or other Person was subject to the jurisdiction of anyAnti-Doping Organization would not constitute an anti-doping rule violation but could be a legitimate basis for denying the Athlete or otherPerson membership in a sports organization.]

ARTICLE 8 RIGHT TO A FAIR HEARING

8.1 Principles for a Fair Hearin

8.1.1 When WBSC OCEANIA sends a notice to an Athlete or other Person asserting an anti-doping ruleviolation, and there is no agreement in accordance with Article 7.10.1 or the Athlete or other Person does not waive a hearing in accordance with Article 7.10.2, then the case shall be referred to the WBSC OCEANIADoping Hearing Panel for hearing and adjudication.

8.1.2 Hearings shall be scheduled and completed within a reasonable time. Where a Provisional Suspensionhas been imposed or otherwise accepted by the Athlete or other Person the hearings should be expedited. Inall cases, the hearing should be held within 6 months from the notification of the Athlete or other Person thatan anti-doping rule violation is being asserted. Hearings held in connection with Events that are subject tothese Anti-Doping Rules may be conducted by an expedited process where permitted by the hearing panel.

[Comment to Article 8.1.2: For example, a hearing could be expedited on the eve of a major Event where the resolution of the anti-dopingrule violation is necessary to determine the Athlete's eligibility to participate in the Event, or during an Event where the resolution of the casewill affect the validity of the Athlete's results or continued participation in the Event.]

8.1.3 The WBSC OCEANIA Doping Hearing Panel shall determine the procedure to be followed at thehearing.

The hearing process shall respect the following principles:

  1. the right of each party to be represented by counsel (at the partys own expenses) or to be accompaniedby a Person chosen by each party;
  2. the right to respond to the asserted anti-doping rule violation and make submissions with respect to theresulting Consequences;
  3. the right of each party to present evidence, including the right to call and question witnesses; and,
  4. the Athletes or other Persons right to an interpreter at the hearing. The WBSC OCEANIAs Doping HearingPanel shall have jurisdiction to determine which party shall bear the responsibility for the cost of theinterprete

8.1.4 WADA and the National Federation of the Athlete or other Person may attend the hearing as observers. In any event, WBSC OCEANIA shall keep WADA fully apprised as to the status of pending cases and theresult of all hearings.

8.1.5 The WBSC OCEANIA Doping Hearing Panel shall act in a fair and impartial manner towards all partiesat all times.

8.2 Decisions

8.2.1 The WBSC OCEANIA Doping Hearing Panel shall issue a written decision within 30 days from thedate of the end of the hearing or from the date the case has been referred to the panel when the hearinghas been waived in accordance with Article 7.10.2. The decision shall include the full reasons for the decisionand for any period of Ineligibility imposed, including (if applicable) a justification for why the greatestpotential Consequences were not imposed.

The decision shall be written in English.

8.2.2 The decision may be appealed to the CAS as provided in Article 13. Copies of the decision shall be provided to the Athlete or other Person and to other Anti-DopingOrganizations with a right to appeal under Article 13.2.3.

8.2.3 If no appeal is brought against the decision, then (a) if the decision is that an anti-doping ruleviolation was committed, the decision shall be Publicly Disclosed as provided in Article 14.3.2; but (b) if the decision is that no anti-doping rule violation was committed, then the decision shall only be Publicly Disclosedwith the consent of the Athlete

or other Person who is the subject of the decision. WBSC OCEANIA shall use reasonable efforts to obtainsuch consent, and if consent is obtained, shall Publicly Disclose the decision in its entirety or in such redacted form as the Athlete or other Person may approve.

The principles contained at Article 14.3.6 shall be applied in cases involving a Minor.

8.3 Single Hearing Before CAS

Cases asserting anti-doping rule violations may be heard directly at CAS, with no requirement for a prior hearing,with the consent of the Athlete, WBSC OCEANIA, WADA, and any other Anti-Doping Organization that would havehad a right to appeal a first instance hearing decision to CAS.

[Comment to Article 8.3: Where all of the parties identified in this Article are satisfied that their interests will be adequately protected in asingle hearing, there is no need to incur the extra expense of two hearings. An Anti-Doping Organization that wants to participate in theCAS hearing as a party or as an observer may condition its approval of a single hearing on being granted that right.]

ARTICLE 9 AUTOMATIC DISQUALIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL RESULTS

An anti-doping rule violation in Individual Sports in connection with an In- Competition test automatically leadsto Disqualification of the result obtained in that Competition with all resulting Consequences, including forfeiture ofany medals, points and prizes.

[Comment to Article 9: For Team Sports, any awards received by individual players will be Disqualified. However, Disqualification of the teamwill be as provided in Article 11. In sports which are not Team Sports but where awards are given to teams, Disqualification or other disciplinary action against theteam when one or more team members have committed an anti-doping rule violation shall be as provided in the

applicable rules of the International Federation.]

ARTICLE 10 SANCTIONS ON INDIVIDUALS

10.1 Disqualification of Results in the Event during which an Anti- Doping Rule Violation Occurs

An anti-doping rule violation occurring during or in connection with an Event may, upon the decision of the rulingbody of the Event, lead to Disqualification of all of the Athlete's individual results obtained in that Event with allConsequences, including forfeiture of all medals, points and prizes, except as provided in Article 10.1.1.

Factors to be included in considering whether to Disqualify other results in an Event might include, for example, the seriousness of the Athletes anti-doping rule violation and whether the Athlete tested negative in the other Competitions.

[Comment to Article 10.1: Whereas Article 9 Disqualifies the result in a single Competition in which the Athlete tested positive (e.g., the 100 meter backstroke), this Article may lead to Disqualification of all results in all races during the Event (e.g., the FINA OceaniaChampionships).]

10.1.1 If the Athlete establishes that he or she bears No Fault or Negligence for the violation, theAthlete's individual results in the other Competitions shall not be Disqualified, unless the Athlete's results inCompetitions other than the Competition in which the anti-doping rule violation occurred were likely to havebeen affected by the Athlete's anti-doping rule violation.

10.2 Ineligibility for Presence, Use or Attempted Use, or Possession of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method

The period of Ineligibility for a violation of Articles 2.1, 2.2 or 2.6 shall be as follows, subject to potential reductionor suspension pursuant to Articles 10.4,

10.5 or 10.6:

10.2.1 The period of Ineligibility shall be four years where:

10.2.1.1 The anti-doping rule violation does not involve a Specified Substance, unless the Athlete orother Person can establish that the anti-doping rule violation was not intentional.

10.2.1.2 The anti-doping rule violation involves a Specified Substance and WBSC OCEANIA canestablish that the anti-doping rule violation was intentional.

10.2.2 If Article 10.2.1 does not apply, the period of Ineligibility shall be two years.

10.2.3 As used in Articles 10.2 and 10.3, the term intentional is meant to identify those Athletes whocheat. The term therefore requires that the Athlete or other Person engaged in conduct which he or she knewconstituted an anti-doping rule violation or knew that there was a significant risk that the conduct might constitute or result in an anti- doping rule violation and manifestly disregarded that risk. An anti- doping ruleviolation resulting from an Adverse Analytical Finding for a substance which is only prohibited In-Competitionshall be rebuttably presumed to be not intentional if the substance is a Specified Substance and the Athletecan establish that the Prohibited Substance was Used Out-of-Competition. An anti-doping rule violationresulting from an Adverse Analytical Finding for a substance which is only prohibited In- Competition shall notbe considered intentional if the substance is not a Specified Substance and the Athlete can establish that theProhibited Substance was Used Out-of-Competition in a context unrelated to sport performance.

10.3 Ineligibility for Other Anti-Doping Rule Violations

The period of Ineligibility for anti-doping rule violations other than as provided in Article 10.2 shall be as follows, unless Articles 10.5 or 10.6 are applicable

10.3.1 For violations of Article 2.3 or Article 2.5, the period of Ineligibility shall be four years unless, in thecase of failing to submit to Sample collection, the Athlete can establish that the commission of the anti-doping rule violation was not intentional (as defined in Article

10.2.3), in which case the period of Ineligibility shall be two years.

10.3.2 For violations of Article 2.4, the period of Ineligibility shall be two years, subject to reduction downto a minimum of one year, depending on the Athletes degree of Fault. The flexibility between two years andone year of Ineligibility in this Article is not available to Athletes where a pattern of last-minute whereaboutschanges or other conduct raises a serious suspicion that the Athlete was trying to avoid being available forTesting.

10.3.3 For violations of Article 2.7 or 2.8, the period of Ineligibility shall be a minimum of four years upto lifetime Ineligibility, depending on the seriousness of the violation. An Article 2.7 or Article 2.8 violation involving a Minor shall be considered a particularly serious violation and, if committed by Athlete SupportPersonnel for violations other than for Specified Substances, shall result in lifetime Ineligibility for AthleteSupport Personnel. In addition, significant violations of Article 2.7 or

2.8 which may also violate non-sporting laws and regulations, shall be reported to the competent administrative, professional or judicial authorities.

[Comment to Article 10.3.3: Those who are involved in doping Athletes or covering up doping should be subject to sanctions which aremore severe than the Athletes who test positive. Since the authority of sport organizations is generally limited to Ineligibility foraccreditation, membership and other sport benefits, reporting Athlete Support Personnel to competent authorities is an important step in thedeterrence of doping.]

10.3.4 For violations of Article 2.9, the period of Ineligibility imposed shall be a minimum of two years, upto four years, depending on the seriousness of the violation.

10.3.5 For violations of Article 2.10, the period of Ineligibility shall be two years, subject to reduction downto a minimum of one year, depending on the Athlete or other Persons degree of Fault and other circumstances of the case.

[Comment to Article 10.3.5: Where the other Person referenced in Article 2.10 is an entity and not an individual, that entity may bedisciplined as provided in Article 12.]

10.4 Elimination of the Period of Ineligibility where there is No Fault or Negligence

If an Athlete or other Person establishes in an individual case that he or she bears No Fault or Negligence, then the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility shall be eliminated.

[Comment to Article 10.4: This Article and Article 10.5.2 apply only to the imposition of sanctions; they are not applicable to thedetermination of whether an anti-doping rule violation has occurred. They will only apply in exceptional circumstances, for example wherean Athlete could prove that, despite all due care, he or she was sabotaged by a competitor. Conversely, No Fault or Negligence wouldnot apply in the following circumstances: (a) a positive test resulting from a mislabeled or contaminated vitamin or nutritional supplement(Athletes are responsible for what they ingest (Article 2.1.1) and have been warned against the possibility of supplementcontamination); (b) the Administration of a Prohibited Substance by the Athletes personal physician or trainer without disclosure to theAthlete (Athletes are responsible for their choice of medical personnel and for advising medical personnel that they cannot be given anyProhibited Substance); and (c) sabotage of the Athletes food or drink by a spouse, coach or other Person within the Athletes circle ofassociates (Athletes are responsible for what they ingest and for the conduct of those Persons to whom they entrust access to their food anddrink). However, depending on the unique facts of a particular case, any of the referenced illustrations could result in a reduced sanctionunder Article 10.5 based on No Significant Fault or Negligence.]

10.5 Reduction of the Period of Ineligibility based on No Significant Fault or Negligence

10.5.1 Reduction of Sanctions for Specified Substances or Contaminated Products for Violations of Article 2.1, 2.2 or 2.6.

10.5.1.1 Specified Substances

Where the anti-doping rule violation involves a Specified Substance, and the Athlete or other Personcan establish No Significant Fault or Negligence, then the period of Ineligibility shall be, at a minimum,a reprimand and no period of Ineligibility, and at a maximum, two years of Ineligibility, depending onthe Athletes or other Persons degree of Fault.

10.5.1.2 Contaminated Products

In cases where the Athlete or other Person can establish No Significant Fault or Negligence and that the detected Prohibited

Substance came from a Contaminated Product, then the period of Ineligibility shall be, at a minimum,a reprimand and no period of Ineligibility, and at a maximum, two years Ineligibility, depending on theAthletes or other Persons degree of Fault.

[Comment to Article 10.5.1.2: In assessing that Athletes degree of Fault, it would, for example, be favorable for the Athlete if the Athlete haddeclared the product which was subsequently determined to be contaminated on his or her Doping Control form.]

10.5.2 Application of No Significant Fault or Negligence beyond the Application of Article 10.5.1

If an Athlete or other Person establishes in an individual case where Article 10.5.1 is not applicable that he orshe bears No Significant Fault or Negligence, then, subject to further reduction or elimination as provided inArticle 10.6, the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility may be reduced based on the Athlete or otherPersons degree of Fault, but the reduced period of Ineligibility may not be less than one-half of the period ofIneligibility otherwise applicable. If the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility is a lifetime, the reducedperiod under this Article may be no less than eight years.

[Comment to Article 10.5.2: Article 10.5.2 may be applied to any anti-doping rule violation except those Articles where intent is anelement of the anti-doping rule violation (e.g., Article 2.5, 2.7, 2.8 or 2.9) or an element of a particular sanction (e.g., Article 10.2.1) or arange of Ineligibility is already provided in an Article based on the Athlete or other Persons degree of Fault.]

10.6 Elimination, Reduction, or Suspension of Period of Ineligibility or other Consequences for Reasons Other than Fault

10.6.1 Substantial Assistance in Discovering or Establishing Anti- Doping Rule Violations

10.6.1.1 WBSC OCEANIA may, prior to a final appellate decision under Article 13 or the expirationof the time to appeal, suspend a part of the period of Ineligibility imposed in an individual case in whichit has results management authority where the Athlete or other Person has provided SubstantialAssistance to an Anti-Doping Organization, criminal authority or professional disciplinary body which results in: (i) the Anti-Doping Organization discovering or bringing forward an anti-doping rule violationby another Person, or (ii) which results in a criminal or disciplinary body discovering or bringingforward a criminal offense or the breach of professional rules committed by another Person and theinformation provided by the Person providing Substantial Assistance is made available to WBSC OCEANIA. After a final appellate decision under Article 13 or the expiration of time to appeal, WBSC OCEANIA may only suspend a part of the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility with the approval of WADA. The extent to which the otherwise applicable period ofIneligibility may be suspended shall be based on the seriousness of the anti-doping rule violation committed by the Athlete or other Person and the significance of the Substantial Assistance providedby the Athlete or other Person to the effort to eliminate doping in sport. No more than three-quartersof the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility may be suspended. If the otherwise applicableperiod of Ineligibility is a lifetime, the non-suspended period under this Article must be no less thaneight years. If the Athlete or other Person fails to continue to cooperate and to provide the completeand credible Substantial Assistance upon which a suspension of the period of Ineligibility was based,WBSC OCEANIA shall reinstate the original period of Ineligibility. If WBSC OCEANIA decides toreinstate a suspended period of Ineligibility or decides not to reinstate a suspended period ofIneligibility, that decision may be appealed by any Person entitled to appeal under Article 13.

10.6.1.2 To further encourage Athletes and other Persons to provide Substantial Assistance to Anti-Doping Organizations, at the request of WBSC OCEANIA or at the request of the Athlete or other Person who has (or has been asserted to have) committed an anti-doping rule violation, WADA mayagree at any stage of the results management process, including after a final appellate decision underArticle 13, to what it considers to be an appropriate suspension of the otherwise-applicable period ofIneligibility and other Consequences. In exceptional circumstances, WADA may agree to suspensionsof the period of Ineligibility and other Consequences for Substantial Assistance greater than those otherwise provided in this Article, or even no period of Ineligibility, and/or no return of prize money orpayment of fines or costs. WADAs approval shall be subject to reinstatement of sanction, asotherwise provided in this Article. Notwithstanding Article 13, WADAs decisions in the context of thisArticle may not be appealed by any other Anti-Doping Organization.

10.6.1.3 If WBSC OCEANIA suspends any part of an otherwise applicable sanction because ofSubstantial Assistance, then notice providing justification for the decision shall be provided to the otherAnti- Doping Organizations with a right to appeal under Article 13.2.3 as provided in Article 14.2. Inunique circumstances where WADA determines that it would be in the best interest of anti-doping, WADA may authorize WBSC OCEANIA to enter into appropriate confidentiality agreements limiting ordelaying the disclosure of the Substantial Assistance agreement or the nature of Substantial Assistancebeing provided

[Comment to Article 10.6.1: The cooperation of Athletes, Athlete Support Personnel and other Persons who acknowledge their mistakes andare willing to bring other anti-doping rule violations to light is important to clean sport. This is the only circumstance under the Code wherethe suspension of an otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility is authorized.]

10.6.2 Admission of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation in the Absence of

Other Evidence

Where an Athlete or other Person voluntarily admits the commission of an anti-doping rule violation beforehaving received notice of a Sample collection which could establish an anti-doping rule violation (or, in the case of an anti-doping rule violation other than Article 2.1, before receiving first notice of the admittedviolation pursuant to Article 7) and that admission is the only reliable evidence of the violation at the time ofadmission, then the period of Ineligibility may be reduced, but not below one-half of the period of Ineligibilityotherwise applicable.

[Comment to Article 10.6.2: This Article is intended to apply when an Athlete or other Person comes forward and admits to an anti-doping rule violation in circumstances where no Anti-Doping Organization is aware that an anti-doping rule violation might have beencommitted. It is not intended to apply to circumstances where the admission occurs after the Athlete or other Person believes he or she is about to be caught. The amount by which Ineligibility is reduced should be based on the likelihood that the Athlete or other Person wouldhave been caught had he/she not come forward voluntarily.]

10.6.3 Prompt Admission of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation after being

Confronted with a Violation Sanctionable under Article 10.2.1 or Article

10.3.1

An Athlete or other Person potentially subject to a four-year sanction under Article 10.2.1 or 10.3.1 (forevading or refusing Sample Collection or Tampering with Sample Collection), by promptly admitting theasserted anti-doping rule violation after being confronted by WBSC OCEANIA, and also upon the approval andat the discretion of both WADA and WBSC OCEANIA, may receive a reduction in the period of Ineligibilitydown to a minimum of two years, depending on the seriousness of the violation and the Athlete or otherPersons degree of Fault.

10.6.4 Application of Multiple Grounds for Reduction of a Sanction

Where an Athlete or other Person establishes entitlement to reduction in sanction under more than oneprovision of Article 10.4, 10.5 or 10.6, before applying any reduction or suspension under Article 10.6, the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility shall be determined in accordance with Articles 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, and 10.5. If the Athlete or other Person establishes entitlement to a reduction or suspension of the period ofIneligibility under Article 10.6, then the period of Ineligibility may be reduced or suspended, but not below one-fourth of the otherwise applicable period of Ineligibility.

[Comment to Article 10.6.4: The appropriate sanction is determined in a sequence of four steps. First, the hearing panel determines whichof the basic sanctions (Articles 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, or 10.5) apply to the particular anti-doping rule violation. Second, if the basic sanctionprovides for a range of sanctions, the hearing panel must determine the applicable sanction within that range according to the Athlete or other Persons degree of Fault. In a third step, the hearing panel establishes whether there is a basis for elimination, suspension, or reduction ofthe sanction (Article 10.6). Finally, the hearing panel decides on the commencement of the period of Ineligibility under Article 10.11. Severalexamples of how Article 10 is to be applied are found in Appendix 2.]

10.7 Multiple Violations

10.7.1 For an Athlete or other Persons second anti-doping rule violation, the period of Ineligibility shall bethe greater of:

  1. six months;
  2. one-half of the period of Ineligibility imposed for the first anti-doping rule violation withouttaking into account any reduction under Article 10.6; or
  3. twice the period of Ineligibility otherwise applicable to the second anti-doping rule violationtreated as if it were a first violation, without taking into account any reduction under Article

10.6 The period of Ineligibility established above may then be further reduced by the application of Article 10.6.

10.7.2 A third anti-doping rule violation will always result in a lifetime period of Ineligibility, except if thethird violation fulfills the condition for elimination or reduction of the period of Ineligibility under Article 10.4 or 10.5, or involves a violation of Article 2.4. In these particular cases, the period of Ineligibility shall be fromeight years to lifetime Ineligibility.

10.7.3 An anti-doping rule violation for which an Athlete or other Person has established No Fault orNegligence shall not be considered a prior violation for purposes of this Article.

10.7.4 Additional Rules for Certain Potential Multiple Violations

10.7.4.1 For purposes of imposing sanctions under Article 10.7, an anti-doping rule violation will onlybe considered a second violation if WBSC OCEANIA can establish that the Athlete or other Person committed the second anti-doping rule violation after the Athlete

or other Person received notice pursuant to Article 7, or after WBSC OCEANIA made reasonable efforts to give notice of the first anti- doping rule violation. If WBSC OCEANIA cannot establish this,the violations shall be considered together as one single first violation, and the sanction imposed shallbe based on the violation that carries the more severe sanction.

10.7.4.2 If, after the imposition of a sanction for a first anti- doping rule violation, WBSC OCEANIA discovers facts involving an anti- doping rule violation by the Athlete or other Person which occurredprior to notification regarding the first violation, then WBSC OCEANIA shall impose an additionalsanction based on the sanction that could have been imposed if the two violations had beenadjudicated at the same time. Results in all Competitions dating back to the earlier anti-doping ruleviolation will be Disqualified as provided in Article 10.8.

10.7.5 Multiple Anti-Doping Rule Violations during Ten-Year Period

For purposes of Article 10.7, each anti-doping rule violation must take place within the same ten-year period inorder to be considered multiple violations.

10.8 Disqualification of Results in Competitions Subsequent to Sample Collection or Commission of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation

In addition to the automatic Disqualification of the results in the Competition which produced the positive Sampleunder Article 9, all other competitive results of the Athlete obtained from the date a positive Sample was collected(whether In-Competition or Out-of-Competition), or other anti-doping rule violation occurred, through thecommencement of any Provisional Suspension or Ineligibility period, shall, unless fairness requires otherwise, beDisqualified with all of the resulting Consequences including forfeiture of any medals, points and prizes.

[Comment to Article 10.8: Nothing in these Anti-Doping Rules precludes clean Athletes or other Persons who have been damaged by theactions of a Person who has committed an anti-doping rule violation from pursuing any right which they would otherwise have to seek damagesfrom such Person.]

10.9 Allocation of CAS Cost Awards and Forfeited Prize Money

The priority for repayment of CAS cost awards and forfeited prize money shall be: first, payment of costs awardedby CAS; and second, reimbursement of the expenses of WBSC OCEANIA.

10.10 Financial Consequences

Where an Athlete or other Person commits an anti-doping rule violation, WBSC OCEANIA may, in its discretionand subject to the principle of proportionality, elect to a) recover from the Athlete or other Person costsassociated with the anti-doping rule violation, regardless of the period of Ineligibility imposed and/or b) finethe Athlete or other Person in an amount up to $_10000 U.S. Dollars, only in cases where the maximumperiod of Ineligibility otherwise applicable has already been imposed.

The imposition of a financial sanction or the WBSC OCEANIA's recovery of costs shall not be considered abasis for reducing the Ineligibility or other sanction which would otherwise be applicable under these Anti-Doping Rules or the Code.

10.11 Commencement of Ineligibility Period

Except as provided below, the period of Ineligibility shall start on the date of the final hearing decision providing forIneligibility or, if the hearing is waived or there is no hearing, on the date Ineligibility is accepted or otherwise imposed.

10.11.1 Delays Not Attributable to the Athlete or other Person

Where there have been substantial delays in the hearing process or other aspects of Doping Control notattributable to the Athlete or other Person, WBSC OCEANIA may start the period of Ineligibility at anearlier date commencing as early as the date of Sample collection or the date on which another anti-dopingrule violation last occurred. All competitive results achieved during the period of Ineligibility, including retroactive Ineligibility, shall be Disqualified.

[Comment to Article 10.11.1: In cases of anti-doping rule violations other than under Article 2.1, the time required for an Anti-DopingOrganization to discover and develop facts sufficient to establish an anti-doping rule violation may be lengthy, particularly where the Athleteor other Person has taken affirmative action to avoid detection. In these circumstances, the flexibility provided in this Article to start thesanction at an earlier date should not be used.]

10.11.2 Timely Admission

Where the Athlete or other Person promptly (which, in all events, for an Athlete means before the Athletecompetes again) admits the anti- doping rule violation after being confronted with the anti-doping rule violation by WBSC OCEANIA, the period of Ineligibility may start as early as the date of Sample collection orthe date on which another anti-doping rule violation last occurred. In each case, however, where this Article is applied, the Athlete or other Person shallserve at least one-half of the period of Ineligibility going forward from the date the Athlete or other Personaccepted the imposition of a sanction, the date of a hearing decision imposing a sanction, or the date thesanction is otherwise imposed. This Article shall not apply where the period of Ineligibility has already beenreduced under Article 10.6.3.

10.11.3 Credit for Provisional Suspension or Period of Ineligibility Served

10.11.3.1 If a Provisional Suspension is imposed and respected by the Athlete or other Person, thenthe Athlete or other Person shall receive a credit for such period of Provisional Suspension against anyperiod of Ineligibility which may ultimately be imposed. If a period of Ineligibility is served pursuant to adecision that is subsequently appealed, then the Athlete or other Person shall receive a credit for suchperiod of Ineligibility served against any period of Ineligibility which may ultimately be imposed on appeal.

10.11.3.2 If an Athlete or other Person voluntarily accepts a Provisional Suspension in writing fromWBSC OCEANIA and thereafter respects the Provisional Suspension, the Athlete or other Person shallreceive a credit for such period of voluntary Provisional Suspension against any period of Ineligibility which may ultimately be imposed. A copy of the Athlete or other Persons voluntary acceptance of aProvisional Suspension shall be provided promptly to each party entitled to receive notice of an asserted anti-doping rule violation under Article 14.1.

[Comment to Article 10.11.3.2: An Athletes voluntary acceptance of a Provisional Suspension is not an admission by the Athlete and shallnot be used in any way as to draw an adverse inference against the Athlete.]

10.11.3.3 No credit against a period of Ineligibility shall be given for any time period before the effective date of the Provisional Suspension or voluntary Provisional Suspension regardless of whetherthe Athlete elected not to compete or was suspended by his or her team.

10.11.3.4 In Team Sports, where a period of Ineligibility is imposed upon a team, unless fairness requires otherwise, the period of Ineligibility shall start on the date of the final hearing decisionproviding for Ineligibility or, if the hearing is waived, on the date Ineligibility is accepted or otherwiseimposed. Any period of team Provisional Suspension (whether imposed or voluntarily accepted) shall becredited against the total period of Ineligibility to be served.

[Comment to Article 10.11: Article 10.11 makes clear that delays not attributable to the Athlete, timely admission by the Athlete andProvisional Suspension are the only justifications for starting the period of Ineligibility earlier than the date of the final hearing decision.]

10.12 Status During Ineligibility

10.12.1 Prohibition Against Participation During Ineligibility

No Athlete or other Person who has been declared Ineligible may, during the period of Ineligibility, participatein any capacity in a Competition or activity (other than authorized anti-doping education or rehabilitationprograms) authorized or organized by any Signatory, Signatory's member organization, or a club or othermember organization of a Signatorys member organization,, or in Competitions authorized or organized by any professional league or any international or national level Event organization or any elite or national-levelsporting activity funded by a governmental agency.

An Athlete or other Person subject to a period of Ineligibility longer than four years may, after completing fouryears of the period of Ineligibility, participate as an Athlete in local sport events not sanctioned or otherwise under the jurisdiction of a Code Signatory or member of a Code Signatory, but only so long as the local sportevent is not at a level that could otherwise qualify such Athlete or other Person directly or indirectly tocompete in (or accumulate points toward) a national championship or International Event, and does notinvolve the Athlete or other Person working in any capacity with Minors.

An Athlete or other Person subject to a period of Ineligibility shall remain subject to Testing.

[Comment to Article 10.12.1: For example, subject to Article 10.12.2 below, an Ineligible Athlete cannot participate in a training camp,exhibition or practice organized by his or her National Federation or a club which is a member of that National Federation or which is fundedby a governmental agency. Further, an Ineligible Athlete may not compete in a non-Signatory professional league (e.g., the National HockeyLeague, the National Basketball Association, etc.), Events organized by a non-Signatory International Event organization or a non-Signatorynational-level event organization without triggering the Consequences set forth in Article 10.12.3. The term activity also includes, forexample, administrative activities, such as serving as an official, director, officer, employee, or volunteer of the organization described in thisArticle. Ineligibility imposed in one sport shall also be recognized by other sports (see Article 15.1, Mutual Recognition).]

10.12.2 Return to Training

As an exception to Article 10.12.1, an Athlete may return to train with a team or to use the facilities of a clubor other member organization of WBSC OCEANIAs member organization during the shorter of: (1) the lasttwo months of the Athletes period of Ineligibility, or (2) the last one-quarter of the period of Ineligibilityimposed.

[Comment to Article 10.12.2: In many Team Sports and some individual sports (e.g., ski jumping and gymnastics), an Athlete cannoteffectively train on his/her own so as to be ready to compete at the end of the Athletes period of Ineligibility. During the training perioddescribed in this Article, an Ineligible Athlete may not compete or engage in any activity described in Article 10.12.1 other than training.]

10.12.3 Violation of the Prohibition of Participation During Ineligibility

Where an Athlete or other Person who has been declared Ineligible violates the prohibition against participationduring Ineligibility described in Article 10.12.1, the results of such participation shall be Disqualified and a newperiod of Ineligibility equal in length up to the original period of Ineligibility shall be added to the end of theoriginal period of Ineligibility. The new period of Ineligibility may be adjusted based on the Athlete or otherPersons degree of Fault and other circumstances of the case. The determination of whether an Athlete or otherPerson has violated the prohibition against participation, and whether an adjustment is appropriate, shall be made by the Anti-Doping Organization whose results management led to the imposition of the initial period ofIneligibility. This decision may be appealed under Article 13.

Where an Athlete Support Person or other Person assists a Person in violating the prohibition againstparticipation during Ineligibility, WBSC OCEANIA shall impose sanctions for a violation of Article 2.9 for suchassistance.

10.12.4 Withholding of Financial Support during Ineligibility

In addition, for any anti-doping rule violation not involving a reduced sanction as described in Article 10.4 or10.5, some or all sport-related financial support or other sport-related benefits received by such Person will bewithheld by WBSC OCEANIA and its National Federations.

10.13 Automatic Publication of Sanction

A mandatory part of each sanction shall include automatic publication, as provided in Article 14.3.

[Comment to Article 10: Harmonization of sanctions has been one of the most discussed and debated areas of anti-doping. Harmonization means that the same rules and criteria are applied to assess the unique facts of each case. Arguments against requiringharmonization of sanctions are based on differences between sports including, for example, the following: in some sports the Athletes are professionals making a sizable income from the sport and in others the Athletes are true amateurs; in those sports where an Athlete's career isshort, a standard period of Ineligibility has a much more significant effect on the Athlete than in sports where careers are traditionally muchlonger. A primary argument in favor of harmonization is that it is simply not right that two Athletes from the same country who test positivefor the same Prohibited Substance under similar circumstances should receive different sanctions only because they participate in differentsports. In addition, flexibility in sanctioning has often been viewed as an unacceptable opportunity for some sporting organizations to bemore lenient with dopers. The lack of harmonization of sanctions has also frequently been the source of jurisdictional conflicts betweenInternational Federations and National Anti-Doping Organizations.]

ARTICLE 11: CONSEQUENCES TO TEAMS

11.1 Testing of Team Sports

Where more than one member of a team in a Team Sport has been notified of an anti-doping rule violation underArticle 7 in connection with an Event, the ruling body for the Event shall conduct appropriate Target Testing of theteam during the Event Period.

11.2 Consequences for Team Sports

If more than two members of a team in a Team Sport are found to have committed an anti-doping ruleviolation during an Event Period, the ruling body of the Event shall impose an appropriate sanction on the team(e.g., loss of points, Disqualification from a Competition or Event, or other sanction) in addition to anyConsequences imposed upon the individual Athletes committing the anti-doping rule violation.

11.3 Event Ruling Body may Establish Stricter Consequences for Team Sports

The ruling body for an Event may elect to establish rules for the Event which impose Consequences for Team Sportsstricter than those in Article 11.2 for purposes of the Event.

[Comment to Article 11.3: For example, the International Olympic Committee could establish rules which would require Disqualification ofa team from the Olympic

Games based on a lesser number of anti-doping rule violations during the period of the Games.]

ARTICLE 12 SANCTIONS AND COSTS ASSESSED AGAINST SPORTING BODIES

12.1 WBSC OCEANIA has the authority to withhold some or all funding or other non- financial support to NationalFederations that are not in compliance with these Anti-Doping Rules.

12.2 National Federations shall be obligated to reimburse WBSC OCEANIA for all costs (including but not limitedto laboratory fees, hearing expenses and travel) related to a violation of these Anti-Doping Rules committed byan Athlete or other Person affiliated with that National Federation.

12.3 WBSC OCEANIA may elect to take additional disciplinary action against National Federations with respect torecognition, the eligibility of its officials and Athletes to participate in International Events and fines based on thefollowing:

12.3.1 Four or more violations of these Anti-Doping Rules (other than violations involving Article 2.4) arecommitted by Athletes or other Persons affiliated with a National Federation within a 12-month period intesting conducted by WBSC OCEANIA or Anti-Doping Organizations other than the National Federation or itsNational Anti-Doping Organization. In such event WBSC OCEANIA may in its discretion elect to: (a) banall officials from that National Federation for participation in any WBSC OCEANIA activities for a period of up totwo years and/or (b) fine the National Federation in an amount up to $_50000 U.S. Dollars. (Forpurposes of this Rule, any fine paid pursuant to Rule 12.3.2 shall be credited against any fine assessed.)

12.3.1.1 If four or more violations of these Anti-Doping Rules (other than violations involvingArticles 2.4) are committed in addition to the violations described in Article 12.3.1 by Athletes orother Persons affiliated with a National Federation within a 12- month period in Testing conducted by WBSC OCEANIA or Anti-Doping Organizations other than the National Federation or its National Anti-Doping Organization, then WBSC OCEANIA may suspend that National Federations membership for aperiod of up to 4 years.

12.3.2 More than one Athlete or other Person from a National Federation commits an Anti-Doping Rule violation during an International Event. In such event WBSC OCEANIA may fine that National Federation inan amount up to $_50000 U.S. Dollars.

12.3.3 A National Federation has failed to make diligent efforts to keep the IF informed about an Athlete'swhereabouts after receiving a request for that information from WBSC OCEANIA. In such event WBSC OCEANIA may fine the National Federation in an amount up to $ 50000 U.S. Dollars per Athlete inaddition to all of the WBSC OCEANIA costs incurred in Testing that National Federation's Athletes.

ARTICLE 13 APPEAL

13.1 Decisions Subject to Appeal

Decisions made under these Anti-Doping Rules may be appealed as set forth below in Article 13.2 through 13.7 oras otherwise provided in these Anti- Doping Rules, the Code or the International Standards. Such decisions shallremain in effect while under appeal unless the appellate body orders otherwise. Before an appeal is commenced, anypost-decision review provided in the Anti- Doping Organization's rules must be exhausted, provided that suchreview respects the principles set forth in Article 13.2.2 below (except as provided in Article 13.1.3).

13.1.1 Scope of Review Not Limited

The scope of review on appeal includes all issues relevant to the matter and is expressly not limited to theissues or scope of review before the initial decision maker.

13.1.2 CAS Shall Not Defer to the Findings Being Appealed

In making its decision, CAS need not give deference to the discretion exercised by the body whose decision isbeing appealed.

[Comment to Article 13.1.2: CAS proceedings are de novo. Prior proceedings do not limit the evidence or carry weight in the hearing beforeCAS.]13.1.3 WADA Not Required to Exhaust Internal Remedies

Where WADA has a right to appeal under Article 13 and no other party has appealed a final decision withinWBSC OCEANIAs process, WADA may appeal such decision directly to CAS without having to exhaust otherremedies in WBSC OCEANIAs process.

[Comment to Article 13.1.3: Where a decision has been rendered before the final stage of WBSC OCEANIAs process (for example, a first hearing)and no party elects to appeal that decision to the next level of WBSC OCEANIAs process (e.g., the Managing Board), then WADA may bypass theremaining steps in WBSC OCEANIAs internal process and appeal directly to CAS.]

13.2 Appeals from Decisions Regarding Anti-Doping Rule Violations, Consequences, ProvisionalSuspensions, Recognition of Decisions and Jurisdiction

A decision that an anti-doping rule violation was committed, a decision imposing Consequences or not imposingConsequences for an anti-doping rule violation, or a decision that no anti-doping rule violation was committed; adecision that an anti-doping rule violation proceeding cannot go forward for procedural reasons (including, forexample, prescription); a decision by WADA not to grant an exception to the six month notice requirement for aretired Athlete to return to Competition under Article 5.7.1; a decision by WADA assigning results managementunder Article 7.1 of the Code; a decision by WBSC OCEANIA not to bring forward an Adverse Analytical Finding or anAtypical Finding as an anti-doping rule violation, or a decision not to go forward with an anti- doping rule violationafter an investigation under Article 7.7; a decision to impose a Provisional Suspension as a result of a ProvisionalHearing; WBSC OCEANIAs failure to comply with Article 7.9; a decision that WBSC OCEANIA lacks jurisdiction torule on an alleged anti-doping rule violation or its Consequences; a decision to suspend, or not suspend, a period ofIneligibility or to reinstate, or not reinstate, a suspended period of Ineligibility under Article 10.6.1; a decision underArticle 10.12.3; and a decision by WBSC OCEANIA not to recognize another Anti- Doping Organizations decisionunder Article 15, may be appealed exclusively as provided in Articles 13.2 – 13.7.

13.2.1 Appeals Involving International-Level Athletes or International Events

In cases arising from participation in an International Event or in cases involving International-Level Athletes,the decision may be appealed exclusively to CAS.

[Comment to Article 13.2.1: CAS decisions are final and binding except for any review required by law applicable to the annulment orenforcement of arbitral awards.]

13.2.2 Appeals Involving Other Athletes or Other Persons

In cases where Article 13.2.1 is not applicable, the decision may be appealed to a national-level appealbody, being an independent and impartial body established in accordance with rules adopted by the NationalAnti-Doping Organization having jurisdiction over the Athlete or other Person. The rules for such appeal shallrespect the following principles: a timely hearing; a fair and impartial hearing panel; the right to berepresented by counsel at the Person's own expense; and a timely, written, reasoned decision. If the NationalAnti-Doping Organization has not established such a body, the decision may be appealed to CAS in accordance with the provisions applicable before such court.

13.2.3 Persons Entitled to Appeal

In cases under Article 13.2.1, the following parties shall have the right to appeal to CAS: (a) the Athlete orother Person who is the subject of the decision being appealed; (b) the other party to the case in which thedecision was rendered; (c) WBSC OCEANIA; (d) the National Anti-Doping Organization of the Persons countryof residence or countries where the Person is a national or license holder; (e) the International Olympic Committee or International Paralympic Committee, as applicable, where the decision may have an effect inrelation to the Olympic Games or Paralympic Games, including decisions affecting eligibility for the Olympic Games or Paralympic Games; and (f) WADA.

In cases under Article 13.2.2, the parties having the right to appeal to the national-level appeal body shall beas provided in the National Anti- Doping Organization's rules but, at a minimum, shall include the followingparties: (a) the Athlete or other Person who is the subject of the decision being appealed; (b) the otherparty to the case in which the decision was rendered; (c) WBSC OCEANIA; (d) the National Anti-Doping Organization of the Persons country of residence; (e) the International Olympic Committee or InternationalParalympic Committee, as applicable, where the decision may have an effect in relation to the OlympicGames or Paralympic Games, including decisions affecting eligibility for the Olympic Games or ParalympicGames; and (f) WADA. For cases under Article 13.2.2, WADA, the International Olympic Committee, theInternational Paralympic Committee, and WBSC OCEANIA shall also have the right to appeal to CAS withrespect to the decision of the national-level appeal body. Any party filing an appeal shall be entitled toassistance from CAS to obtain all relevant information from the Anti- Doping Organization whose decision isbeing appealed and the information shall be provided if CAS so directs.

Notwithstanding any other provision herein, the only Person who may appeal from a Provisional Suspension isthe Athlete or other Person upon whom the Provisional Suspension is imposed.

13.2.4 Cross Appeals and other Subsequent Appeals Allowed

Cross appeals and other subsequent appeals by any respondent named in cases brought to CAS under the Codeare specifically permitted. Any party with a right to appeal under this Article 13 must file a cross appeal or subsequent appeal at the latest with the partys answer.

[Comment to Article 13.2.4: This provision is necessary because since 2011, CAS rules no longer permit an Athlete the right to crossappeal when an Anti-Doping Organization appeals a decision after the Athletes time for appeal has expired. This provision permits a fullhearing for all parties.]

13.3 Failure to Render a Timely Decision

Where, in a particular case, WBSC OCEANIA fails to render a decision with respect to whether an anti-doping ruleviolation was committed within a reasonable deadline set by WADA, WADA may elect to appeal directly to CAS as ifWBSC OCEANIA had rendered a decision finding no anti-doping rule violation. If the CAS hearing panel determinesthat an anti-doping rule violation was committed and that WADA acted reasonably in electing to appeal directly toCAS, then WADAs costs and attorney fees in prosecuting the appeal shall be reimbursed to WADA by WBSC OCEANIA.

[Comment to Article 13.3: Given the different circumstances of each anti-doping rule violation investigation and results management process,it is not feasible to establish a fixed time period for WBSC OCEANIA to render a decision before WADA may intervene by appealing directly toCAS. Before taking such action, however, WADA will consult with WBSC OCEANIA and give WBSC OCEANIA an opportunity to explain whyit has not yet rendered a decision.]

13.3.1 Failure of National Federation to Render a Timely Decision

Where, in a particular case, an WBSC OCEANIA affiliated National Federation fails to render a decision withrespect to whether an anti-doping rule violation (for which the National Federation is the competent ResultsManagement Authority) was committed within two (2) months, WBSC OCEANIA may decide to assume jurisdiction forthe matters and conduct Results Management Authority in accordance with these Anti-Doping Rules.

Should this occur, the National Federation is liable for the costs incurred by WBSC OCEANIA for the management of the case.

13.4 Appeals Relating to TUEs

TUE decisions may be appealed exclusively as provided in Article 4.4.

13.5 Notification of Appeal Decisions

Any Anti-Doping Organization that is a party to an appeal shall promptly provide the appeal decision to the Athleteor other Person and to the other Anti-Doping Organizations that would have been entitled to appeal under Article13.2.3 as provided under Article 14.2.

13.6 Appeal from Decisions Pursuant to Article 12

Decisions by WBSC OCEANIA pursuant to Article 12 may be appealed exclusively to CAS by the National Federation.

13.7 Time for Filing Appeals

13.7.1 Appeals to CAS

The time to file an appeal to CAS shall be twenty-one days from the date of receipt of the decision by theappealing party. The above notwithstanding, the following shall apply in connection with appeals filed by aparty entitled to appeal but which was not a party to the proceedings that led to the decision beingappealed:

  1. Within fifteen days from notice of the decision, such party/ies shall have the right to request a copyof the case file from the body that issued the decision;
  2. If such a request is made within the fifteen-day period, then the party making such request shall have twenty-one days from receipt of the file to file an appeal to CAS.

The above notwithstanding, the filing deadline for an appeal filed by WADA shall be the later of:

  1. Twenty-one days after the last day on which any other party in the case could have appealed; or
  2. Twenty-one days after WADAs receipt of the complete file relating to the decisio

13.7.2 Appeals Under Article 13.2.2

The time to file an appeal to an independent and impartial body established at national level in accordancewith rules established by the National Anti-Doping Organization shall be indicated by the same rules of theNational Anti-Doping Organization.

The above notwithstanding, the filing deadline for an appeal or intervention filed by WADA shall be the laterof:

  1. Twenty-one days after the last day on which any other party in the case could have appealed, or
  2. Twenty-one days after WADAs receipt of the complete file relating to the decision.

ARTICLE 14 CONFIDENTIALITY AND REPORTING

14.1 Information Concerning Adverse Analytical Findings, Atypical Findings, and Other Asserted Anti-Doping Rule Violations

14.1.1 Notice of Anti-Doping Rule Violations to Athletes and other Persons

Notice to Athletes or other Persons of anti-doping rule violations asserted against them shall occur asprovided under Articles 7 and 14 of these Anti-Doping Rules. Notice to an Athlete or other Person who is amember of a National Federation may be accomplished by delivery of the notice to the National Federation.

14.1.2 Notice of Anti-Doping Rule Violations to National Anti-Doping Organizations and WADA

Notice of the assertion of an anti-doping rule violation to National Anti- Doping Organizations and WADA shalloccur as provided under Articles 7 and 14 of these Anti-Doping Rules, simultaneously with the notice to the Athlete or other Person.

14.1.3 Content of an Anti-Doping Rule Violation Notice

Notification of an anti-doping rule violation under Article 2.1 shall include: the Athlete's name, country,sport and discipline within the sport, the Athletes competitive level, whether the test was In- Competition orOut-of-Competition, the date of Sample collection, the analytical result reported by the laboratory, and otherinformation as required by the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

Notice of anti-doping rule violations other than under Article 2.1 shall include the rule violated and the basis of the asserted violation.

14.1.4 Status Reports

Except with respect to investigations which have not resulted in notice of an anti-doping rule violationpursuant to Article 14.1.1, National Anti- Doping Organizations and WADA shall be regularly updated on the status and findings of any review or proceedings conducted pursuant to Article 7, 8 or 13 and shall beprovided with a prompt written reasoned explanation or decision explaining the resolution of the matter.

14.1.5 Confidentiality

The recipient organizations shall not disclose this information beyond those Persons with a need to know(which would include the appropriate personnel at the applicable National Olympic Committee, NationalFederation, and team in a Team Sport) until WBSC OCEANIA has made Public Disclosure or has failed tomake Public Disclosure as required in Article 14.3.

14.1.6 WBSC OCEANIA shall ensure that information concerning Adverse Analytical Findings, Atypical Findings, andother asserted anti-doping rule violations remains confidential until such information is Publicly Disclosed inaccordance with Article 14.3, and shall include provisions in any contract entered into between WBSC OCEANIAand any of its employees (whether permanent or otherwise), contractors, agents and consultants, for theprotection of such confidential information as well as for the investigation and disciplining of improper and/orunauthorised disclosure of such confidential information.

14.2 Notice of Anti-Doping Rule Violation Decisions and Request for Files

14.2.1 Anti-doping rule violation decisions rendered pursuant to Article

7.11, 8.2, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.12.3 or 13.5 shall include the full reasons for the decision, including, ifapplicable, a justification for why the greatest possible Consequences were not imposed. Where the decisionis not in English or French, WBSC OCEANIA shall provide a short English or French summary of the decisionand the supporting reasons.

14.2.2 An Anti-Doping Organization having a right to appeal a decision received pursuant to Article 14.2.1may, within fifteen days of receipt, request a copy of the full case file pertaining to the decision.

14.3 Public Disclosure

14.3.1 The identity of any Athlete or other Person who is asserted by WBSC OCEANIA to have committedan anti-doping rule violation may be Publicly Disclosed by WBSC OCEANIA only after notice has been providedto the Athlete or other Person in accordance with Article 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6 or 7.7 and simultaneously to WADA and the National Anti-Doping Organization of the Athlete or other Person in accordance with Article 14.1.2.

14.3.2 No later than twenty days after it has been determined in a final appellate decision under Article13.2.1 or 13.2.2, or such appeal has been waived, or a hearing in accordance with Article 8 has been waived,or the assertion of an anti-doping rule violation has not been timely challenged, WBSC OCEANIA mustPublicly Report the disposition of the matter, including the sport, the anti-doping rule violated, the name ofthe Athlete or other Person committing the violation, the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method involved(if any), and the Consequences imposed. WBSC OCEANIA must also Publicly Report within twenty days theresults of final appeal decisions concerning anti-doping rule violations, including the information describedabove.

14.3.3 In any case where it is determined, after a hearing or appeal, that the Athlete or other Person didnot commit an anti-doping rule

violation, the decision may be Publicly Disclosed only with the consent of the Athlete or other Person who isthe subject of the decision. WBSC OCEANIA shall use reasonable efforts to obtain such consent. If consent is obtained, WBSC OCEANIA shall Publicly Disclose the decision in its entirety or in such redacted form as theAthlete or other Person may approve.

14.3.4 Publication shall be accomplished at a minimum by placing the required information on the WBSC OCEANIAs website or publishing it through other means and leaving the information up for the longer of onemonth or the duration of any period of Ineligibility.

14.3.5 Neither WBSC OCEANIA, nor its National Federations, nor any official of either body, shall publiclycomment on the specific facts of any pending case (as opposed to general description of process and science)except in response to public comments attributed to the Athlete or other Person against whom an anti-dopingrule violation is asserted, or their representatives.

14.3.6 The mandatory Public Reporting required in Article 14.3.2 shall not be required where the Athlete orother Person who has been found to have committed an anti-doping rule violation is a Minor. Any optional Public Reporting in a case involving a Minor shall be proportionate to the facts and circumstances of the case.

14.3.7 Except where expressly stated otherwise, a notice under these Anti-Doping Rules shall only be effective if it is in writing. Faxes and email are permitted.

14.3.8 Any notice given under these Anti-Doping Rules shall, in the absence of earlier receipt, be deemedto have been duly given as follows:

  1. if delivered personally, on delivery;
  2. if sent by first class post, two clear business days after the date of posting;
  3. if sent by airmail, six clear business days after the date of posting; d)if sent by facsimile, at the expirationof 48 hours after the time it was sent;
  4. if sent by email, at the time at which it was sent.

14.4 Statistical Reporting

WBSC OCEANIA shall publish at least annually a general statistical report of its Doping Control activities, with acopy provided to WADA. WBSC OCEANIA may also publish reports showing the name of each Athlete tested andthe date of each Testing.

14.5 Doping Control Information Clearinghouse

To facilitate coordinated test distribution planning and to avoid unnecessary duplication in Testing by the variousAnti-Doping Organizations, WBSC OCEANIA shall report all In-Competition and Out-of-Competition tests on suchAthletes to the WADA clearinghouse, using ADAMS, as soon as possible after such tests have been conducted. Thisinformation will be made accessible, where appropriate and in accordance with the applicable rules, to the Athlete,the Athlete's National Anti-Doping Organization and any other Anti-Doping Organizations with Testing authorityover the Athlete.

14.6 Data Privacy

14.6.1 WBSC OCEANIA may collect, store, process or disclose personal information relating to Athletes andother Persons where necessary and appropriate to conduct their anti-doping activities under the Code, theInternational Standards (including specifically the International Standard for the Protection of Privacy and Personal Information) and these Anti-Doping Rules.

14.6.2 Any Participant who submits information including personal data to any Person in accordance withthese Anti-Doping Rules shall be deemed to have agreed, pursuant to applicable data protection laws and otherwise, that such information may be collected, processed, disclosed and used by such Person for thepurposes of the implementation of these Anti-Doping Rules, in accordance with the International Standard forthe Protection of Privacy and Personal Information and otherwise as required to implement these Anti-DopingRules.

ARTICLE 15 APPLICATION AND RECOGNITION OF DECISIONS

15.1 Subject to the right to appeal provided in Article 13, Testing, hearing results or other final adjudications ofany Signatory which are consistent with the Code and are within that Signatorys authority shall be applicable Oceaniawide and shall be recognized and respected by WBSC OCEANIA and all its National Federations.

[Comment to Article 15.1: The extent of recognition of TUE decisions of other Anti- Doping Organizations shall be determined by Article 4.4 and the International Standard for Therapeutic Use Exemptions.]

15.2 WBSC OCEANIA and its National Federations shall recognize the measures taken by other bodies which havenot accepted the Code if the rules of those bodies are otherwise consistent with the Code.

[Comment to Article 15.2: Where the decision of a body that has not accepted the Code is in some respects Code compliant and in otherrespects not Code compliant, WBSC OCEANIA and its National Federations shall attempt to apply the decision in harmony with the principlesof the Code. For example, if in a process consistent with the Code a non-Signatory has found an Athlete to have committed an anti-doping ruleviolation on account of the presence of a Prohibited Substance in his or her body but the period of Ineligibility applied is shorter than the periodprovided for in these Anti-Doping Rules, then WBSC OCEANIA shall recognize the finding of an anti-doping rule violation and may conduct ahearing consistent with Article 8 to determine whether the longer period of Ineligibility provided in these Anti-Doping Rules should be imposed.]

15.3 Subject to the right to appeal provided in Article 13, any decision of WBSC OCEANIA regarding a violation ofthese Anti-Doping Rules shall be recognized by all National Federations, which shall take all necessary action torender such decision effective.

ARTICLE 16 INCORPORATION OF WBSC OCEANIA ANTI-DOPING RULES AND OBLIGATIONS OF NATIONAL FEDERATIONS

16.1 All National Federations and their members shall comply with these Anti- Doping Rules. All NationalFederations and other members shall include in their regulations the provisions necessary to ensure that WBSC OCEANIA may enforce these Anti-Doping Rules directly as against Athletes under their anti-doping jurisdiction(including National-Level Athletes). These Anti-Doping Rules shall also be incorporated either directly or byreference into each National Federations rules so that the National Federation may enforce them itself directly asagainst Athletes under its anti-doping jurisdiction (including National-Level Athletes).

16.2 All National Federations shall establish rules requiring all Athletes and each Athlete Support Personnel who participates as coach, trainer, manager, team staff, official, medical or paramedical personnel in a Competition oractivity authorized or organized by a National Federation or one of its member organizations to agree to be bound bythese Anti-Doping Rules and to submit to the results management authority of the Anti-Doping Organization responsible under the Code as a condition of such participation.

16.3 All National Federations shall report any information suggesting or relating to an anti-doping rule violation toWBSC OCEANIA and to their National Anti- Doping Organizations, and shall cooperate with investigationsconducted by any Anti-Doping Organization with authority to conduct the investigation.

16.4 All National Federations shall have disciplinary rules in place to prevent Athlete Support Personnel who areUsing Prohibited Substances or Prohibited Methods without valid justification from providing support to Athletesunder the jurisdiction of WBSC OCEANIA or the National Federation.

16.5 All National Federations shall be required to conduct anti-doping education in coordination with their NationalAnti-Doping Organizations.

ARTICLE 17 STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS

No anti-doping rule violation proceeding may be commenced against an Athlete or other Person unless he or she hasbeen notified of the anti-doping rule violation as provided in Article 7, or notification has been reasonably attempted,within ten years from the date the violation is asserted to have occurred.

ARTICLE 18 WBSC OCEANIA COMPLIANCE REPORTS TO WADA

WBSC OCEANIA will report to WADA on WBSC OCEANIAs compliance with the Code in accordance with Article 23.5.2 of the Code.

ARTICLE 19 EDUCATION

WBSC OCEANIA shall plan, implement, evaluate and monitor information, education and prevention programs for doping-free sport on at least the issues listed at Article 18.2 of the Code, and shall support active participation by Athletes andAthlete Support Personnel in such programs.

19.1 WBSC OCEANIA may request that Athletes perform educational activities before and/or during their participation toselected Events (ex: Youth Oceania Championships). The list of Events in which Athletes will be required to perform educational activities as a condition of participation will be published in the WBSC OCEANIA website.

The Athletes who have not performed the educational activities will be asked to provide valid justifications to havefailed to participate in the educational activity. WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Administrator or its delegate should evaluatethose justifications on a case by case basis and may decide to request to impose disciplinary sanctions if it deemed appropriate.

ARTICLE 20 AMENDMENT AND INTERPRETATION OF ANTI-DOPING RULES

20.1 These Anti-Doping Rules may be amended from time to time by WBSC OCEANIA.

20.2 These Anti-Doping Rules shall be interpreted as an independent and autonomous text and not by referenceto existing law or statutes.

20.3 The headings used for the various Parts and Articles of these Anti- Doping Rules are for convenience only and shall not be deemed part of the substance of these Anti-Doping Rules or to affect in any way the language of theprovisions to which they refer.

20.4 The Code and the International Standards shall be considered integral parts of these Anti-Doping Rules andshall prevail in case of conflict.

20.5 These Anti-Doping Rules have been adopted pursuant to the applicable provisions of the Code and shall beinterpreted in a manner that is consistent with applicable provisions of the Code. The Introduction shall beconsidered an integral part of these Anti-Doping Rules.

20.6 The comments annotating various provisions of the Code and these Anti-Doping Rules shall be used to interpret these Anti-Doping Rules.

20.7 These Anti-Doping Rules have come into full force and effect on [1 January 2015] (the Effective Date). They shall not apply retroactively to matters pending before the EffectiveDate; provided, however, that:

20.7.1 Anti-doping rule violations taking place prior to the Effective Date count as "first violations" or"second violations" for purposes of determining sanctions under Article 10 for violations taking place after theEffective Date.

20.7.2 The retrospective periods in which prior violations can be considered for purposes of multipleviolations under Article 10.7.5 and the statute of limitations set forth in Article 17 are procedural rules and should be applied retroactively; provided, however, that Article 17 shall only be applied retroactively if thestatute of limitations period has not already expired by the Effective Date. Otherwise, with respect to anyanti-doping rule violation case which is pending as of the Effective Date and any anti-doping rule violationcase brought after the Effective Date based on an anti-doping rule violation which occurred prior to the Effective Date, the case shall be governed by the substantive anti- doping rules in effect at the time thealleged anti-doping rule violation occurred unless the panel hearing the case determines the principle of lexmitior appropriately applies under the circumstances of the case.

20.7.3 Any Article 2.4 whereabouts failure (whether a Filing Failure or a Missed Test, as those terms aredefined in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations) prior to the Effective Date shall be carriedforward and may be relied upon, prior to expiry, in accordance with the International Standard for Testing andInvestigation, but it shall be deemed to have expired 12 months after it occurred.

20.7.4 With respect to cases where a final decision finding an anti- doping rule violation has beenrendered prior to the Effective Date, but the Athlete or other Person is still serving the period of Ineligibility asof the Effective Date, the Athlete or other Person may apply to the Anti- Doping Organization which hadresults management responsibility for the anti-doping rule violation to consider a reduction in the period ofIneligibility in light of these Anti-Doping Rules. Such application must be made before the period ofIneligibility has expired. The decision rendered may be appealed pursuant to Article 13.2. These Anti-Doping Rules shall have no application to any case where a final decision finding an anti-doping rule violationhas been rendered and the period of Ineligibility has expired.

20.7.5 For purposes of assessing the period of Ineligibility for a second violation under Article 10.7.1, wherethe sanction for the first violation was determined based on rules in force prior to the Effective Date, the period of Ineligibility which would have been assessed for that first violation had these Anti-Doping Rulesbeen applicable, shall be applied.

ARTICLE 21 INTERPRETATION OF THE CODE

21.1 The official text of the Code shall be maintained by WADA and shall be published in English and French. Inthe event of any conflict between the English and French versions, the English version shall prevail.

21.2 The comments annotating various provisions of the Code shall be used to interpret the Code.

21.3 The Code shall be interpreted as an independent and autonomous text and not by reference to the existinglaw or statutes of the Signatories or governments.

21.4 The headings used for the various Parts and Articles of the Code are for convenience only and shall not bedeemed part of the substance of the Code or to affect in any way the language of the provisions to which they refer.

21.5 The Code shall not apply retroactively to matters pending before the date the Code is accepted by aSignatory and implemented in its rules. However, pre-Code anti-doping rule violations would continue to count as"first violations" or "second violations" for purposes of determining sanctions under Article 10 for subsequent post-Code violations.

21.6 The Purpose, Scope and Organization of the Oceania Anti-Doping Program and the Code and Appendix 1,Definitions, and Appendix 2, Examples of the Application of Article 10, shall be considered integral parts of the Code.

ARTICLE 22 ADDITIONAL ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF ATHLETES ANDOTHER PERSONS

22.1 Roles and Responsibilities of Athletes

22.1.1 To be knowledgeable of and comply with these Anti-Doping Rules.

22.1.2 To be available for Sample collection at all times.

[Comment to Article 22.1.2: With due regard to an Athletes human rights and privacy, legitimate anti-doping considerationssometimes require Sample collection late at night or early in the morning. For example, it is known that some Athletes use low doses ofEPO during these hours so that it will be undetectable in the morning.]

22.1.3 To take responsibility, in the context of anti-doping, for what they ingest and Use.

22.1.4 To inform medical personnel of their obligation not to Use Prohibited Substances and ProhibitedMethods and to take responsibility to make sure that any medical treatment received does not violate theseAnti-Doping Rules.

22.1.5 To disclose to their National Anti-Doping Organization and to WBSC OCEANIA any decision by anon-Signatory finding that the Athlete committed an anti-doping rule violation within the previous ten years.

22.1.6 To cooperate with Anti-Doping Organizations investigating anti- doping rule violations.

22.1.7 Failure by any Athlete to cooperate in full with Anti-Doping Organizations investigating anti-dopingrule violations may result in a charge of misconduct under WBSC OCEANIA's disciplinary rules/code ofconduct.

22.2 Roles and Responsibilities of Athlete Support Personnel

22.2.1 To be knowledgeable of and comply with these Anti-Doping Rules.

22.2.2 To cooperate with the Athlete Testing program.

22.2.3 To use his or her influence on Athlete values and behavior to foster anti-doping attitudes.

22.2.4 To disclose to his or her National Anti-Doping Organization and to WBSC OCEANIA any decision by anon-Signatory finding that he or she committed an anti-doping rule violation within the previous ten years.

22.2.5 To cooperate with Anti-Doping Organizations investigating anti- doping rule violations.

22.2.6 Failure by any Athlete Support Personnel to cooperate in full with Anti-Doping Organizationsinvestigating anti-doping rule violations may result in a charge of misconduct under WBSC OCEANIA'sdisciplinary rules/code of conduct.

22.2.7 Athlete Support Personnel shall not Use or Possess any

Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method without valid justification.

22.2.8 Use or Possession of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method by an Athlete Support Personnel without valid justification may result in a charge of misconduct under WBSC OCEANIA's disciplinaryrules/code of conduct.

APPENDIX 1 DEFINITIONS

ADAMS:

The Anti-Doping Administration and Management System is a Web-based database management tool for data entry, storage, sharing, and reporting designed to assist stakeholders and WADA in their anti-doping operations in conjunctionwith data protection legislation.

Administration:

Providing, supplying, supervising, facilitating, or otherwise participating in the Use or Attempted Use by another Person of aProhibited Substance or Prohibited Method. However, this definition shall not include the actions of bona fide medicalpersonnel involving a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method used for genuine and legal therapeutic purposes or otheracceptable justification and shall not include actions involving Prohibited Substances which are not prohibited in Out- of-Competition Testing unless the circumstances as a whole demonstrate that such Prohibited Substances are not intendedfor genuine and legal therapeutic purposes or are intended to enhance sport performance.

Adverse Analytical Finding:

A report from a WADA-accredited laboratory or other WADA-approved laboratory that, consistent with the InternationalStandard for Laboratories and related Technical Documents, identifies in a Sample the presence of a Prohibited Substanceor its Metabolites or Markers (including elevated quantities of endogenous substances) or evidence of the Use of aProhibited Method.

Adverse Passport Finding:

A report identified as an Adverse Passport Finding as described in the applicable International Standards.

Anti-Doping Organization:

A Signatory that is responsible for adopting rules for initiating, implementing or enforcing any part of the Doping Controlprocess. This includes, for example, the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, otherMajor Event Organizations that conduct Testing at their Events, WADA, International Federations, and National Anti-DopingOrganizations.

Athlete:

Any Person who competes in sport at the international level (as defined by each International Federation), or the nationallevel (as defined by each National Anti-Doping Organization). An Anti-Doping Organization has discretion to apply anti-doping rules to an Athlete who is neither an International-Level Athlete nor a National-Level Athlete, and thus to bringthem within the definition of Athlete. In relation to Athletes who are neither International-Level nor National-LevelAthletes, an Anti-Doping Organization may elect to: conduct limited Testing or no Testing at all; analyze Samples for lessthan the full menu of Prohibited Substances; require limited or no whereabouts information; or not require advance TUEs.However, if an Article 2.1, 2.3 or 2.5 anti-doping rule violation is committed by any Athlete over whom an Anti-DopingOrganization has authority who competes below the international or national level, then the Consequences set forth in theCode (except Article 14.3.2) must be applied. For purposes of Article 2.8 and Article 2.9 and for purposes of anti-dopinginformation and education, any Person who participates in sport under the authority of any Signatory, government, orother sports organization accepting the Code is an Athlete.

[Comment: This definition makes it clear that all International- and National-Level Athletes are subject to the anti-doping rules of the Code, with theprecise definitions of international- and national-level sport to be set forth in the anti-doping rules of the International Federations and National Anti-Doping Organizations, respectively. The definition also allows each National Anti-Doping Organization, if it chooses to do so, to expand its anti-dopingprogram beyond International- or National-Level Athletes to competitors at lower levels of Competition or to individuals who engage in fitness activitiesbut do not compete at all. Thus, a National Anti-Doping Organization could, for example, elect to test recreational-level competitors but not requireadvance TUEs. But an anti-doping rule violation involving an Adverse Analytical Finding or Tampering results in all of the Consequences provided for inthe Code (with the exception of Article 14.3.2). The decision on whether Consequences apply to recreational-level Athletes who engage in fitnessactivities but never compete is left to the National Anti-Doping Organization. In the same manner, a Major Event Organization holding an Event onlyfor masters-level competitors could elect to test the competitors but not analyze Samples for the full menu of Prohibited Substances. Competitors at alllevels of Competition should receive the benefit of anti-doping information and education.]

Athlete Biological Passport:

The program and methods of gathering and collating data as described in the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations and International Standard for Laboratories.

Athlete Support Personnel:

Any coach, trainer, manager, agent, team staff, official, medical, paramedical personnel, parent or any other Personworking with, treating or assisting an Athlete participating in or preparing for sports Competition.

Attempt:

Purposely engaging in conduct that constitutes a substantial step in a course of conduct planned to culminate in thecommission of an anti-doping rule violation. Provided, however, there shall be no anti-doping rule violation based solely onan Attempt to commit a violation if the Person renounces the Attempt prior to it being discovered by a third party notinvolved in the Attempt.

Atypical Finding: A report from a WADA-accredited laboratory or other WADA- approved laboratory which requiresfurther investigation as provided by the International Standard for Laboratories or related Technical Documents prior tothe determination of an Adverse Analytical Finding.

Atypical Passport Finding:

A report described as an Atypical Passport Finding as described in the applicable International Standards.

CAS:

The Court of Arbitration for Sport.

Code:

The Oceania Anti-Doping Code.

Competition:

A single race, match, game or singular sport contest. For stage races and other sport contests where prizes are awardedon a daily or other interim basis the distinction between a Competition and an Event will be as provided in the rules of theapplicable International Federation.

Consequences of Anti-Doping Rule Violations (Consequences):

An Athlete's or other Person's violation of an anti-doping rule may result in one or more of the following: (a) Disqualification means the Athletes results in a particular Competition or Event are invalidated, with all resultingConsequences including forfeiture of any medals, points and prizes; (b) Ineligibility means the Athlete or other Person isbarred on account of an anti-doping rule violation for a specified period of time from participating in any Competition or other activity or funding as provided in Article 10.12.1; (c) Provisional Suspension means the Athlete or otherPerson is barred temporarily from participating in any Competition or activity prior to the final decision at a hearingconducted under Article 8; (d) Financial Consequences means a financial sanction imposed for an anti-doping ruleviolation or to recover costs associated with an anti-doping rule violation; and (e) Public Disclosure or Public Reportingmeans the dissemination or distribution of information to the general public or Persons beyond those Persons entitled toearlier notification in accordance with Article 14. Teams in Team Sports may also be subject to Consequences as providedin Article 11 of the Code.

Contaminated Product:

A product that contains a Prohibited Substance that is not disclosed on the product label or in information available in areasonable Internet search.

Disqualification

See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rule Violations above.

Doping Control:

All steps and processes from test distribution planning through to ultimate disposition of any appeal including all steps and processes in between such as provision of whereabouts information, Sample collection and handling, laboratoryanalysis, TUEs, results management and hearings.

Event: A series of individual Competitions conducted together under one ruling body

(e.g., the Olympic Games, WBSC OCEANIA Oceania Championships, or Pan American Games).

Event Venues:

Those venues so designated by the ruling body for the Event. For the sport of WBSC OCEANIA, the Event Venues areconsidered the official training, accommodation and Competition venues for the Event.

Event Period:

The time between the beginning and end of an Event, as established by the ruling body of the Event.

Fault:

Fault is any breach of duty or any lack of care appropriate to a particular situation. Factors to be taken intoconsideration in assessing an Athlete or other Persons degree of Fault include, for example, the Athletes or otherPersons experience, whether the Athlete or other Person is a Minor, special considerations such as impairment, the degreeof risk that should have been perceived by the Athlete and the level of care and investigation exercised by the Athlete inrelation to what should have been the perceived level of risk. In assessing the Athletes or other Persons degree ofFault, the circumstances considered must be specific and relevant to explain the Athletes or other Persons departure fromthe expected standard of behavior. Thus, for example, the fact that an Athlete would lose the opportunity to earn largesums of money during a period of Ineligibility, or the fact that the Athlete only has a short time left in his or her career, orthe timing of the sporting calendar, would not be relevant factors to be considered in reducing the period of Ineligibility under Article 10.5.1 or 10.5.2.

[Comment: The criteria for assessing an Athletes degree of Fault is the same under all Articles where Fault is to be considered. However,under Article 10.5.2, no reduction of sanction is appropriate unless, when the degree of Fault is assessed, the conclusion is that No SignificantFault or Negligence on the part of the Athlete or other Person was involved.]

Financial Consequences:

see Consequences of Anti-Doping Rule Violations, above.

In-Competition:

In-Competition means the period commencing twelve hours before a Competition in which the Athlete is scheduled toparticipate through the end of such Competition and the Sample collection process related to such Competition.

[Comment: An International Federation or ruling body for an Event may establish an In-Competition period that is different than theEvent Period.]

Independent Observer Program:

A team of observers, under the supervision of WADA, who observe and provide guidance on the Doping Control process atcertain Events and report on their observations.

Individual Sport:

Any sport that is not a Team Sport.

Ineligibility:

See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rule Violations above.

International Event:

An Event or Competition where the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, anInternational Federation, a Major Event Organization, or another international sport organization is the ruling body for theEvent or appoints the technical officials for the Event.

International-Level Athlete:

Athletes who compete in sport at the international level, as defined by each International Federation, consistent with theInternational Standard for Testing and Investigations. For the sport of WBSC OCEANIA International-Level Athletes aredefined as set out in the Scope section of the Introduction to these Anti- Doping Rules.

[Comment: Consistent with the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, the International Federation is free to determine thecriteria it will use to classify Athletes as International-Level Athletes, e.g., by ranking, by participation in particular International Events, bytype of license, etc. However, it must publish those criteria in clear and concise form, so that Athletes are able to ascertain quickly and easilywhen they will become classified as International-Level Athletes. For example, if the criteria include participation in certain InternationalEvents, then the International Federation must publish a list of those International Events.]

International Standard:

A standard adopted by WADA in support of the Code. Compliance with an International Standard (as opposed to anotheralternative standard, practice or procedure) shall be sufficient to conclude that the procedures addressed by theInternational Standard were performed properly. International Standards shall include any Technical Documents issuedpursuant to the International Standard.

Major Event Organizations:

The continental associations of National Olympic Committees and other international multi-sport organizations thatfunction as the ruling body for any continental, regional or other International Event.

Marker:

A compound, group of compounds or biological variable(s) that indicates the

Use of a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method.

Metabolite:

Any substance produced by a biotransformation process.

Minor:

A natural Person who has not reached the age of eighteen years.

National Anti-Doping Organization:

The entity(ies) designated by each country as possessing the primary authority and responsibility to adopt andimplement anti- doping rules, direct the collection of Samples, the management of test results, and the conduct of hearings at the national level. If this designation has not been made by the competent public authority(ies), the entityshall be the countrys National Olympic Committee or its designee.

National Event:

A sport Event or Competition involving International- or National- Level Athletes that is not an International Event.

National Federation:

A national or regional entity which is a member of or is recognized by WBSC OCEANIA as the entity governing WBSC OCEANIA's sport in that nation or region.

National-Level Athlete:

Athletes who compete in sport at the national level, as defined by each National Anti-Doping Organization, consistent withthe International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

National Olympic Committee:

The organization recognized by the International Olympic Committee. The term National Olympic Committee shall alsoinclude the National Sport Confederation in those countries where the National Sport Confederation assumes typicalNational Olympic Committee responsibilities in the anti-doping area.

No Fault or Negligence:

The Athlete or other Person's establishing that he or she did not know or suspect, and could not reasonably have known orsuspected even with the exercise of utmost caution, that he or she had Used or been administered the ProhibitedSubstance or Prohibited Method or otherwise violated an anti-doping rule. Except in the case of a Minor, for any violationof Article 2.1, the Athlete must also establish how the Prohibited Substance entered his or her system.

No Significant Fault or Negligence:

The Athlete or other Person's establishing that his or her Fault or negligence, when viewed in the totality of thecircumstances and taking into account the criteria for No Fault or negligence, was not significant in relationship to the anti-doping rule violation. Except in the case of a Minor, for any violation of Article 2.1, the Athlete must also establishhow the Prohibited Substance entered his or her system.

[Comment: For Cannabinoids, an Athlete may establish No Significant Fault or Negligence by clearly demonstrating that the context of the Use was unrelated to sport performance.]

Out-of-Competition:

Any period which is not In-Competition.

Participant:

Any Athlete or Athlete Support Person.

Person:

A natural Person or an organization or other entity.

Possession:

The actual, physical Possession, or the constructive Possession (which shall be found only if the Person has exclusive control or intends to exercise control over the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method or the premises in which a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method exists); provided, however, that if the Person does not have exclusive control over the Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Method or the premises in which a Prohibited Substance or Prohibited Methodexists, constructive Possession shall only be found if the Person knew about the presence of the Prohibited Substance orProhibited Method and intended to exercise control over it. Provided, however, there shall be no anti-doping rule violationbased solely on Possession if, prior to receiving notification of any kind that the Person has committed an anti-doping ruleviolation, the Person has taken concrete action demonstrating that the Person never intended to have Possession and hasrenounced Possession by explicitly declaring it to an Anti-Doping Organization. Notwithstanding anything to the contraryin this definition, the purchase (including by any electronic or other means) of a Prohibited Substance or ProhibitedMethod constitutes Possession by the Person who makes the purchase.

[Comment: Under this definition, steroids found in an Athlete's car would constitute a violation unless the Athlete establishes that someoneelse used the car; in that event, the Anti-Doping Organization must establish that, even though the Athlete did not have exclusive control overthe car, the Athlete knew about the steroids and intended to have control over the steroids. Similarly, in the example of steroids found in ahome medicine cabinet under the joint control of an Athlete and spouse, the Anti- Doping Organization must establish that the Athlete knewthe steroids were in the cabinet and that the Athlete intended to exercise control over the steroids. The act of purchasing a ProhibitedSubstance alone constitutes Possession, even where, for example, the product does not arrive, is received by someone else, or is sent toa third party address.]

Prohibited List:

The List identifying the Prohibited Substances and Prohibited Methods.

Prohibited Method:

Any method so described on the Prohibited List.

Prohibited Substance:

Any substance, or class of substances, so described on the Prohibited List.

Provisional Hearing:

For purposes of Article 7.9, an expedited abbreviated hearing occurring prior to a hearing under Article 8 that provides theAthlete with notice and an opportunity to be heard in either written or oral form.

[Comment: A Provisional Hearing is only a preliminary proceeding which may not involve a full review of the facts of the case. Followinga Provisional Hearing, the Athlete remains entitled to a subsequent full hearing on the merits of the case. By contrast, an expeditedhearing, as that term is used in Article 7.9, is a full hearing on the merits conducted on an expedited time schedule.]

Provisional Suspension:

See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rule Violations above.

Publicly Disclose or Publicly Report:

See Consequences of Anti-Doping Rule Violations above.

Regional Anti-Doping Organization:

A regional entity designated by member countries to coordinate and manage delegated areas of their national anti-dopingprograms, which may include the adoption and implementation of anti-doping rules, the planning and collection ofSamples, the management of results, the review of TUEs, the conduct of hearings, and the conduct of educationalprograms at a regional level.

Registered Testing Pool:

The pool of highest-priority Athletes established separately at the international level by International Federations and atthe national level by National Anti-Doping Organizations, who are subject to focused In-Competition and Out-of-Competition Testing as part of that International Federation's or National Anti- Doping Organization's test distribution planand therefore are required to provide whereabouts information as provided in Article 5.6 of the Code and the International Standard for Testing and Investigations.

Sample or Specimen:

Any biological material collected for the purposes of Doping Control.

[Comment: It has sometimes been claimed that the collection of blood Samples violates the tenets of certain religious or culturalgroups. It has been determined that there is no basis for any such claim.]

Signatories:

Those entities signing the Code and agreeing to comply with the Code, as provided in Article 23 of the Code.

Specified Substance:

See Article 4.2.2.

Strict Liability:

The rule which provides that under Article 2.1 and Article 2.2, it is not necessary that intent, Fault, negligence, or knowingUse on the Athletes part be demonstrated by the Anti-Doping Organization in order to establish an anti-doping ruleviolation.

Substantial Assistance:

For purposes of Article 10.6.1, a Person providing Substantial Assistance must: (1) fully disclose in a signed writtenstatement all information he or she possesses in relation to anti-doping rule violations, and (2) fully cooperate with theinvestigation and adjudication of any case related to that information, including, for example, presenting testimony at ahearing if requested to do so by an Anti- Doping Organization or hearing panel. Further, the information provided mustbe credible and must comprise an important part of any case which is initiated or, if no case is initiated, must haveprovided a sufficient basis on which a case could have been brought.

Tampering:

Altering for an improper purpose or in an improper way; bringing improper influence to bear; interfering improperly;obstructing, misleading or engaging in any fraudulent conduct to alter results or prevent normal procedures from occurring.

Target Testing:

Selection of specific Athletes for Testing based on criteria set forth in the International Standard for Testing andInvestigations.

Team Sport:

A sport in which the substitution of players is permitted during a Competition.

Testing:

The parts of the Doping Control process involving test distribution planning,

Sample collection, Sample handling, and Sample transport to the laboratory.

Trafficking:

Selling, giving, transporting, sending, delivering or distributing (or Possessing for any such purpose) a ProhibitedSubstance or Prohibited Method (either physically or by any electronic or other means) by an Athlete, Athlete SupportPerson or any other Person subject to the jurisdiction of an Anti-Doping Organization to any third party; provided,however, this definition shall not include the actions of "bona fide" medical personnel involving a Prohibited Substanceused for genuine and legal therapeutic purposes or other acceptable justification, and shall not include actions involvingProhibited Substances which are not prohibited in Out-of-Competition Testing unless the circumstances as a wholedemonstrate such Prohibited Substances are not intended for genuine and legal therapeutic purposes or are intended to enhance sport performance.

TUE:

Therapeutic Use Exemption, as described in Article 4.4.

UNESCO Convention:

The International Convention against Doping in Sport adopted by the 33rd session of the UNESCO General Conference on 19October, 2005 including any and all amendments adopted by the States Parties to the Convention and the Conference ofParties to the International Convention against Doping in Sport.

Use:

The utilization, application, ingestion, injection or consumption by any means whatsoever of any Prohibited Substance orProhibited Method.

WADA:

The Oceania Anti-Doping Agency.

[Comment: Defined terms shall include their plural and possessive forms, as well as those terms used as other parts of speech].

APPENDIX 2 EXAMPLES OF THE APPLICATION OF ARTICLE 10

EXAMPLE 1.

Facts: An Adverse Analytical Finding results from the presence of an anabolic steroid in an In-Competition test (Article2.1); the Athlete promptly admits the anti-doping rule violation; the Athlete establishes No Significant Fault orNegligence; and the Athlete provides Substantial Assistance.

Application of Consequences:

  1. The starting point would be Article 10.2. Because the Athlete is deemed to have No Significant Fault that wouldbe sufficient corroborating evidence (Articles 10.2.1.1 and 10.2.3) that the anti-doping rule violation was not intentional, the period of Ineligibility would thus be twoyears, not four years (Article 10.2.2).
  2. In a second step, the panel would analyze whether the Fault-related reductions (Articles 10.4 and 10.5) apply. Based on No Significant Fault or Negligence (Article 10.5.2) since the anabolic steroid is not a Specified Substance, the applicable range of sanctions would be reduced to arange of two years to one year (minimum one- half of the two year sanction). The panel would then determine theapplicable period of Ineligibility within this range based on the Athletes degree of Fault. (Assume for purposes of illustration in this example that the panel would otherwise impose a period of Ineligibility of 16 months.)
  3. In a third step, the panel would assess the possibility for suspension or reduction under Article 10.6(reductions not related to Fault). In this case, only Article 10.6.1 (Substantial Assistance) applie (Article 10.6.3,Prompt Admission, is not applicable because the period of Ineligibility is already below the two-year minimum set forth inArticle 10.6.3.) Based on Substantial Assistance, the period of Ineligibility could be suspended by three-quarters of 16months.* The minimum period of Ineligibility would thus be four months. (Assume for purposes of illustration in thisexample that the panel suspends ten months and the period of Ineligibility would thus be six months.)
  4. Under Article 10.11, the period of Ineligibility, in principle, starts on the date of the final hearing decisi However, because the Athlete promptly admitted the anti-doping rule violation, the period of Ineligibility could start asearly as the date of Sample collection, but in any event the Athlete would have to serve at least one-half of the Ineligibilityperiod (i.e., three months) after the date of the hearing decision (Article 10.11.2).
  5. Since the Adverse Analytical Finding was committed in a Competition, the panel would have to automaticallyDisqualify the result obtained in that Competition (Article 9).
  6. According to Article 10.8, all results obtained by the Athlete subsequent to the date of the Sample collection until thestart of the period of Ineligibility would also be Disqualified unless fairness requires otherwise.
  7. The information referred to in Article 14.3.2 must be Publicly Disclosed, unless the Athlete is a Minor, since this is amandatory part of each sanction (Article 10.13).
  8. The Athlete is not allowed to participate in any capacity in a Competition or other sport-related activity under theauthority of any Signatory or its affiliates during the Athletes period of Ineligibility (Article 10.12.1). However, the Athletemay return to train with a team or to use the facilities of a club or other member organization of a Signatory or its affiliatesduring the shorter of: (a) the last two months of the Athletes period of Ineligibility, or (b) the last one-quarter of theperiod of Ineligibility imposed (Article 10.12.2). Thus, the Athlete would be allowed to return to training one and one-halfmonths before the end of the period of Ineligibility.

EXAMPLE 2.

Facts: An Adverse Analytical Finding results from the presence of a stimulant which is a Specified Substance in an In-Competition test (Article 2.1); the Anti-Doping Organization is able to establish that the Athlete committed the anti-doping rule violation intentionally; the Athlete is not able to establish that the Prohibited Substance was Used Out-of-Competition in a context unrelated to sport performance; the Athlete does not promptly admit the anti-doping rule violationas alleged; the Athlete does provide Substantial Assistance.

Application of Consequences:

  1. The starting point would be Article 10.2. Because the Anti-Doping Organization can establish that the anti-doping ruleviolation was committed intentionally and the Athlete is unable to establish that the substance was permitted Out-of-Competition and the Use was unrelated to the Athletes sport performance (Article 10.2.3), the period of Ineligibility wouldbe four years (Article 10.2.1.2).
  2. Because the violation was intentional, there is no room for a reduction based on Fault (no application of Articles 10.4and 10.5). Based on Substantial Assistance, the sanction could be suspended by up to three-quarters of the fouryears.* The minimum period of Ineligibility would thus be one ye
  3. Under Article 10.11, the period of Ineligibility would start on the date of the final hearing decisi
  4. Since the Adverse Analytical Finding was committed in a Competition, the panel would automatically Disqualifythe result obtained in the Competition.
  5. According to Article 10.8, all results obtained by the Athlete subsequent to the date of Sample collection until thestart of the period of Ineligibility would also be Disqualified unless fairness requires otherwise.
  6. The information referred to in Article 14.3.2 must be Publicly Disclosed, unless the Athlete is a Minor, since this is amandatory part of each sanction (Article 10.13).
  7. The Athlete is not allowed to participate in any capacity in a Competition or other sport-related activity under theauthority of any Signatory or its affiliates during the Athletes period of Ineligibility (Article 10.12.1). However, the Athletemay return to train with a team or to use the facilities of a club or other member organization of a Signatory or its affiliatesduring the shorter of: (a) the last two months of the Athletes period of Ineligibility, or (b) the last one-quarter of theperiod of Ineligibility imposed (Article 10.12.2). Thus, the Athlete would be allowed to return to training two monthsbefore the end of the period of Ineligibility.

EXAMPLE 3.

Facts: An Adverse Analytical Finding results from the presence of an anabolic steroid in an Out-of-Competition test (Article2.1); the Athlete establishes No Significant Fault or Negligence; the Athlete also establishes that the Adverse AnalyticalFinding was caused by a Contaminated Product.

Application of Consequences:

  1. The starting point would be Article 10.2. Because the Athlete can establish through corroborating evidence that hedid not commit the anti-doping rule violation intentionally, i.e., he had No Significant Fault in Using a ContaminatedProduct (Articles 10.2.1.1 and 10.2.3), the period of Ineligibility would be two years (Articles 10.2.2).
  2. In a second step, the panel would analyze the Fault-related possibilities for reductions (Articles 10.4 and 10.5).Since the Athlete can establish that the anti- doping rule violation was caused by a Contaminated Product and that he acted with No Significant Fault or Negligence based on Article 10.5.1.2, the applicable range for the period of Ineligibilitywould be reduced to a range of two years to a reprimand. The panel would determine the period of Ineligibility within this range, based on the Athletes degree of Fault. (Assume for purposes of illustration in this example that the panel wouldotherwise impose a period of Ineligibility of four months.)
  3. According to Article 10.8, all results obtained by the Athlete subsequent to the date of Sample collection until the start of the period of Ineligibility would be Disqualified unless fairness requires otherwise.
  4. The information referred to in Article 14.3.2 must be Publicly Disclosed, unless the Athlete is a Minor, since this is amandatory part of each sanction (Article 10.13).
  5. The Athlete is not allowed to participate in any capacity in a Competition or other sport-related activity under theauthority of any Signatory or its affiliates during the Athletes period of Ineligibility (Article 10.12.1). However, the Athletemay return to train with a team or to use the facilities of a club or other member organization of a Signatory or its affiliates during the shorter of: (a) the last two months of the Athletes period of Ineligibility, or (b) thelast one-quarter of the period of Ineligibility imposed (Article 10.12.2). Thus, the Athlete would be allowed to return totraining one month before the end of the period of Ineligibility.

EXAMPLE 4.

Facts: An Athlete who has never had an Adverse Analytical Finding or been confronted with an anti-doping rule violationspontaneously admits that she Used an anabolic steroid to enhance her performance. The Athlete also providesSubstantial Assistance.

Application of Consequences:

  1. Since the violation was intentional, Article 10.2.1 would be applicable and the basic period of Ineligibility imposedwould be four years.
  2. There is no room for Fault-related reductions of the period of Ineligibility (no application of Articles 10.4 and 10.5).
  3. Based on the Athletes spontaneous admission (Article 10.6.2) alone, the period of Ineligibility could be reducedby up to one-half of the four year Based on the Athletes Substantial Assistance (Article 10.6.1) alone, the period ofIneligibility could be suspended up to three-quarters of the four years.* Under Article 10.6.4, in considering thespontaneous admission and Substantial Assistance together, the most the sanction could be reduced or suspended wouldbe up to three-quarters of the four years. The minimum period of Ineligibility would be one year.
  4. The period of Ineligibility, in principle, starts on the day of the final hearing decision (Article 10.11). If thespontaneous admission is factored into the reduction of the period of Ineligibility, an early start of the period ofIneligibility under Article 10.11.2 would not be permitted. The provision seeks to prevent an Athlete from benefitting twice from the same set ofcircumstances. However, if the period of Ineligibility was suspended solely on the basis of Substantial Assistance, Article 10.11.2 may still be applied, and the period of Ineligibility started as early as the Athletes last Use of the anabolic steroid.
  5. According to Article 10.8, all results obtained by the Athlete subsequent to the date of the anti-doping rule violationuntil the start of the period of Ineligibility would be Disqualified unless fairness requires otherwise.
  6. The information referred to in Article 14.3.2 must be Publicly Disclosed, unless the Athlete is a Minor, since this is amandatory part of each sanction (Article 10.13).
  7. The Athlete is not allowed to participate in any capacity in a Competition or other sport-related activity under theauthority of any Signatory or its affiliates during the Athletes period of Ineligibility (Article 10.12.1). However, the Athletemay return to train with a team or to use the facilities of a club or other member organization of a Signatory or its affiliates during the shorter of: (a) the last two months of the Athletes period of Ineligibility, or (b) thelast one-quarter of the period of Ineligibility imposed (Article 10.12.2). Thus, the Athlete would be allowed to return totraining two months before the end of the period of Ineligibility.

EXAMPLE 5. Facts:

An Athlete Support Person helps to circumvent a period of Ineligibility imposed on an Athlete by entering him into aCompetition under a false name. The Athlete Support Person comes forward with this anti-doping rule violation (Article2.9) spontaneously before being notified of an anti-doping rule violation by an Anti-Doping Organization.

Application of Consequences:

  1. According to Article 10.3.4, the period of Ineligibility would be from two up to four years, depending on theseriousness of the violation. (Assume for purposes of illustration in this example that the panel would otherwise impose aperiod of Ineligibility of three years.)
  2. There is no room for Fault-related reductions since intent is an element of the anti-doping rule violation in Article2.9 (see comment to Article 10.5.2).
  3. According to Article 10.6.2, provided that the admission is the only reliable evidence, the period of Ineligibility maybe reduced down to one-half. (Assume for purposes of illustration in this example that the panel would impose aperiod of Ineligibility of 18 months.)
  4. The information referred to in Article 14.3.2 must be Publicly Disclosed unless the Athlete Support Person is a Minor,since this is a mandatory part of each sanction (Article 10.13).

EXAMPLE 6.

Facts: An Athlete was sanctioned for a first anti-doping rule violation with a period of Ineligibility of 14 months, of whichfour months were suspended because of Substantial Assistance. Now, the Athlete commits a second anti-doping ruleviolation resulting from the presence of a stimulant which is not a Specified Substance in an In-Competition test (Article2.1); the Athlete establishes No Significant Fault or Negligence; and the Athlete provided Substantial Assistance. Ifthis were a first violation, the panel would sanction the Athlete with a period of Ineligibility of 16 months and suspend sixmonths for Substantial Assistance.

Application of Consequences:

  1. Article 10.7 is applicable to the second anti-doping rule violation because Article 10.7.4.1 and Article 10.7.5 apply.
  2. Under Article 10.7.1, the period of Ineligibility would be the greater of: (a)six months; (b) one-half of the period of Ineligibility imposed for the first anti-doping rule violation without taking intoaccount any reduction under Article 10.6 (in this example, that would equal one-half of 14 months, which is seven months); or (c) twice the period of Ineligibility otherwise applicable to the second anti-doping rule violation treated as if it were a first violation, without taking into account any reduction underArticle 10.6 (in this example, that would equal two times 16 months, which is 32 months). Thus, the period of Ineligibility for the second violation would be the greater of (a), (b) and (c), which is a period ofIneligibility of 32 months.
  3. In a next step, the panel would assess the possibility for suspension or reduction under Article 10.6 (non-Fault-related reductions). In the case of the second violation, only Article 10.6.1 (Substantial Assistance) applie Basedon Substantial Assistance, the period of Ineligibility could be suspended by three-quarters of 32 months.* The minimumperiod of Ineligibility would thus be eight months. (Assume for purposes of illustration in this example that the panelsuspends eight months of the period of Ineligibility for Substantial Assistance, thus reducing the period of Ineligibilityimposed to two years.)
  4. Since the Adverse Analytical Finding was committed in a Competition, the panel would automatically Disqualifythe result obtained in the Competition.
  5. According to Article 10.8, all results obtained by the Athlete subsequent to the date of Sample collection until thestart of the period of Ineligibility would also be Disqualified unless fairness requires otherwise.
  6. The information referred to in Article 14.3.2 must be Publicly Disclosed, unless the Athlete is a Minor, since this is amandatory part of each sanction (Article 10.13).
  7. The Athlete is not allowed to participate in any capacity in a Competition or other sport-related activity under theauthority of any Signatory or its affiliates during the Athletes period of Ineligibility (Article 10.12.1). However, the Athletemay return to train with a team or to use the facilities of a club or other member organization of a Signatory or its affiliatesduring the shorter of: (a) the last two months of the Athletes period of Ineligibility, or (b) the last one-quarter of theperiod of Ineligibility imposed (Article 10.12.2). Thus, the Athlete would be allowed to return to training two monthsbefore the end of the period of Ineligibility

*Upon the approval of WADA in exceptional circumstances, the maximum suspension of the period of Ineligibility forSubstantial Assistance may be greater than three-quarters, and reporting and publication may be delayed.

APPENDIX 3 Consent Form

As a member of [National Federation] and/or a participant in an event authorized or recognized by [National Federation orInternational Federation], I hereby declare as follows:

I acknowledge that I am bound by, and confirm that I shall comply with, all of the provisions of WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Rules (as amended from time to time) and the International Standards issued by the Oceania Anti-Doping Agencyand published on its website.

I acknowledge the authority of WBSC OCEANIA [and its member National Federations and/or National Anti-DopingOrganizations] under the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Rules to enforce, to manage results under, and to impose sanctionsin accordance with, the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Rules.

I also acknowledge and agree that any dispute arising out of a decision made pursuant to the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Rules, after exhaustion of the process expressly provided for in the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-DopingRules, may be appealed exclusively as provided in Article 13 of the WBSC OCEANIA Anti-Doping Rules to an appellate body for final and binding arbitration, which in the case of International-Level Athletes is the Courtof Arbitration for Sport (CAS).

I acknowledge and agree that the decisions of the arbitral appellate body referenced above shall be final and enforceable,and that I will not bring any claim, arbitration, lawsuit or litigation in any other court or tribunal.

I have read and understand the present declaration.

Date Print Name (Last Name, First Name)

Date of Birth Signature (or, if a minor, signature of

(Day/Month/Year) legal guardian)

 

CHAPTER I – PREAMBLE

ARTICLE 1. PREAMBLE

1.1 This draft refers to the Regulation drawn up by WBSC OCEANIA to apply the Ethics in the World Baseball/Softball Familyand are inspired by the IOC Code of Ethics.

1.2 The Oceania Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC Oceania) and each of its members and its administration, the National Olympic Committees, the National Federations, the organisations taking part in any type of candidature procedures of the WBSC OCEANIA, the Organising Committees for the WBSC Oceania Championships and any Sanctioned Events by WBSC OCEANIA, the participants to such events and the Recognised Organisations (hereinafter “the WBSC OCEANIA parties”) restate their commitment to the Olympic Charter and in particular its Fundamental Principles, and reaffirm their loyalty to the Olympic ideal inspired by Pierre de Coubertin. The WBSC OCEANIA parties undertake to disseminate the culture of ethics andintegrity within their respective areas of competence and to serve as role models.

ARTICLE 2. SCOPE OF APPLICATION

2.1 The WBSC OCEANIA parties undertake to comply and ensure compliance with the WBSC OCEANIA Code of Ethics inthe following circumstances:

2.1.1 The World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC OCEANIA), each of its members and its administration, and theNational Olympic Committees (NOC) and their officials, at all times and in all circumstances;

2.1.2 All WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events participants, throughout each edition for which they are accredited;

2.1.3 The National Federations (NFs) and their officials, in all their relations with the WBSC OCEANIA;

2.1.4 The organisations and their officials taking part in any type of candidature procedures of the WBSC OCEANIA,throughout the procedure in question; and

2.1.5 The Organising Committees for the WBSC Oceania Championships and the WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events and their officials, throughout the existence of each such Committee.

2.2 The National Olympic Committees, the National Federations and the Organising Committees for all WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events undertake to adopt, for their internal activities, a code of ethicsbased on the principles and rules of the WBSC OCEANIA Code of Ethics, or in a written declaration to adopt the WBSC OCEANIA Code of Ethics.

ARTICLE 3. FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES

3.1 Respect for the universal fundamental ethical principles is the foundation of the WBSC OCEANIA InternationalBaseball/Softball Family and Olympism.

3.2 These include:

3.2.1 Respect for the International Baseball/Softball Family and Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with aspirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play;

3.2.2 Respect of the principle of the universality and political neutrality of the International

Baseball/Softball Family and Olympic Movement.

3.2.3 Maintaining harmonious relations with state authorities, while respecting the principle of autonomy as set out in theWBSC OCEANIA Statutes and By-Laws and the Olympic Charter;

3.2.4 Respect for international conventions on protecting human rights insofar as they apply to the activities in the WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events and which ensure in particular:

3.2.4.1 Respect for human dignity.

3.2.4.2 Rejection of discrimination of any kind on whatever grounds, be it race, colour, sex, sexual orientation, language,religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status;

3.2.4.3 Rejection of all forms of harassment and abuse, be it physical, professional or sexual, and any physical ormental injuries.

3.2.5 Ensuring the participants’ conditions of safety, well-being and medical care favourable to their physical and mentalequilibrium.

ARTICLE 4. INTEGRITY OF CONDUCT

4.1 The WBSC OCEANIA parties must use due care and diligence in fulfilling their mission. At all times, they must act with thehighest degree of integrity, and particularly when taking decisions, they must act with impartiality, objectivity, independence andprofessionalism. They must refrain from any act involving fraud or corruption. They must not act in a manner likely to tarnish thereputation of the International Baseball/Softball Family and the Olympic Movement.

4.2 The WBSC OCEANIA parties or their representatives must not, directly or indirectly, solicit, accept or offer any form ofremuneration or commission, nor any concealed benefit or service of any nature, connected with the WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events.

4.3 Only tokens of consideration or friendship of nominal value, in accordance with prevailing local customs, may be given oraccepted by the WBSC OCEANIA or third parties. Such tokens may not lead to the impartiality and integrity of the WBSC OCEANIA parties being called into question. Any other form of token, object or benefit constitutes a gift, which may not beaccepted, but must be passed on to the organisation of which the beneficiary is a member.

4.4 For hospitality shown to the WBSC OCEANIA parties, as well as those accompanying them, a sense of measure must berespected.

4.5 The WBSC OCEANIA parties must refrain from placing themselves in any conflict of interests, and must respect theRules Concerning Conflicts of Interests Affecting the Behaviour of WBSC OCEANIA Parties.

ARTICLE 5. INTEGRITY OF COMPETITIONS

5.1 The WBSC OCEANIA parties shall commit to combat all forms of cheating and shall continue to undertake all thenecessary measures to ensure the integrity of sports competitions.

5.2 The WBSC OCEANIA parties must respect the provisions of the World Anti-Doping Code and of the Olympic Movement Code on the Prevention of the Manipulation of Competitions.

5.3 All forms of participation in, or support for betting related to the WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIASanctioned Events, and all forms of promotion of betting related to the WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIASanctioned Events are prohibited.

5.4 Participants in the World Cups and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events must not, by any manner whatsoever,manipulate the course or result of a competition, or any part thereof, in a manner contrary to sporting ethics, infringe theprinciple of fair play or show unsporting conduct.

5.5 All members of the WBSC OCEANIA, which for these purposes includes Members, governing bodies, Continental Confederations, Commissions, athletes, coaches, umpires, administrators, officials and managers at any level, acknowledge and agree to abide by the literal content and the spirit of the following principles, which underpin the Code of Ethics of the WorldBaseball Softball Confederation:

5.5.1 To act consistently and to maintain a dignified and honourable attitude, in keeping with the great honour and responsibility that being a member and representative of the International Baseball/Softball Family means, at all timesand in all circumstances.

5.5.2 To defend as their own the name of the WBSC OCEANIA, its symbols, its prestige and authority, and to challenge strenuously anything that goes against the attainment of its objectives and the normal operation of its activities.

5.5.3 To responsibly observe and to enforce observance of the obligations falling to them in a competition, assembly, congressor any other official activity to which they have been convened.

5.5.4 To abide by the Statutes, Rules, regulations or any other provisions or agreements of the governing organs of the WBSC OCEANIA and to comply in a disciplined manner with the penalties, sanctions or other disciplinary measures thathave been officially imposed.

5.5.5 To display respectful, disciplined and supportive conduct, both on and off the field of play, whether in competition ortraining, thereby ensuring through individual and group effort that Baseball/Softball conveys at all times an educational message of solidarity and peace.

5.5.6 To show absolute respect towards spectators and supporters in general, thereby encouraging, through appropriateconduct and behaviour, their enthusiastic support, knowledge and love of Baseball/Softball.

5.5.7 To help ensure that each competition of the WBSC OCEANIA at any level or category takes place in a true spirit of fairplay.

5.5.8 To display at all times, during competition and outside of it, a physical appearance, clothing and conduct inaccordance with the rules and regulations set out by the WBSC OCEANIA as being required for all competitions andsporting events.

5.5.9 To support and contribute to the efforts made by the media to promote and disseminate Baseball/Softball and its resultsby providing honest, objective information that promotes the unity of the Baseball/Softball family and the prestige and authority of the International Federation.

5.5.10 To demonstrate an attitude of cooperation and support towards the organisers of competitions and official eventsunder the jurisdiction of the WBSC OCEANIA and, in each of them, to make appropriate use of the means and resourcesplaced at their disposal.

5.5.11 To refrain from demonstrating or accepting, in any circumstances, physical or verbal aggression or gesturesthat undermine physical or moral integrity or human dignity.

5.5.12 At all times, to strenuously reject any conduct that promotes, encourages or protects the use of illegalsubstances in sport.

5.5.13 To defend moral and ethical principles in sport by setting a personal example, taking a firm and unbendingstance towards any manifestation of corruption, dishonesty or fanaticism that may arise within the WBSC OCEANIA or itscompetitions or official activities.

5.5.14 To foster feelings of friendship, companionship and solidarity among athletes, coaches, umpires,administrators, officials, managers and local authorities, expressed through absolute respect towards persons, institutions,countries and their symbols.

ARTICLE 6. GOOD GOVERNANCE AND RESOURCES

6.1 The Basic Universal Principles of Good Governance of the Olympic and Sports Movement, in particular transparency, responsibility and accountability, must be respected by all WBSC OCEANIA parties.

6.2 The WBSC OCEANIA resources of the WBSC OCEANIA parties must be used only for WBSC OCEANIA purposes.

6.3 The income and expenditure of the WBSC OCEANIA parties must be recorded in their accounts in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. An independent auditor will check these accounts.

6.4 In cases where the WBSC OCEANIA gives financial support to WBSC OCEANIA parties:

6.4.1 The use of these WBSC OCEANIA resources for WBSC OCEANIA purposes must be clearly demonstrated in the accounts.

6.4.2 The accounts of the WBSC OCEANIA parties may be subjected to auditing by an expert designated by the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Board.

6.5 The WBSC OCEANIA parties recognise the significant contribution that broadcasters, sponsors, partners andother supporters make to the development and prestige of the World Cups and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Eventsthroughout the world. In order to preserve the integrity and neutrality of the various candidature procedures, the support andpromotion of any of the candidatures by broadcasters, sponsors, partners and other supporters must be in a form consistent withthe rules of sport and the principles defined in the Olympic Charter and the present Code. However, the WBSC OCEANIA TOPSponsors and other WBSC OCEANIA marketing partners must refrain from supporting or promoting a candidature within any of the WBSC OCEANIA candidature procedures. The broadcasters, sponsors, partners and other supporters must notinterfere in the running of sports organisations.

ARTICLE 7. CANDIDATURES

7.1 The WBSC OCEANIA parties shall respect the integrity of any candidature procedure initiated by the WBSC OCEANIA, inorder to allow equal access to the promotion of each candidature and the refusal of any risk of conflict of interests. Out of respect for the principle of neutrality of WBSC OCEANIA Members, no public declaration appearing to give a favourable opinion of one ofthe candidatures may be made.

7.2 The WBSC OCEANIA parties will respect the requirements of the various procedures published by the WBSC OCEANIA,particularly regarding the selection of WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIA Sanctioned Events host cities, as wellas the Rules of Conduct Applicable to All Cities Wishing to Organise WBSC Oceania Championships and WBSC OCEANIASanctioned Events (Event Host Manuals).

ARTICLE 8. CONFIDENTIALITY

8.1 The principle of confidentiality shall be strictly respected by the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission in all its activities. Itmust also be strictly respected by any person concerned by the activities of the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission.

ARTICLE 9. REPORTING OBLIGATION

9.1 The WBSC OCEANIA parties shall inform the WBSC OCEANIA Chief Ethics and Compliance Officer, in the strictest confidentiality and by using the appropriate mechanisms, in particular the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics and Compliance Hotline, ofany information related to a violation of the WBSC OCEANIA Code of Ethics, with a view to possible referral to the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission. Any disclosure of information must not be for personal gain or benefit, nor be undertakenmaliciously to damage the reputation of any person or organisation.

ARTICLE 10. IMPLEMENTATION

10.1 The WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission may set out the provisions for the implementation of the present Code in a setof Implementing Provisions, subject to the approval of the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Board.

10.2 The WBSC OCEANIA Office is available to the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission to disseminate and implementthe present Code.

CHAPTER II – DIRECTIONS CONCERNING THE ELECTIONS OF THE WBSC OCEANIA PRESIDENT

The WBSC OCEANIA Ethics commission, considering that it is in the interest of the WBSC OCEANIA and the candidates forthe presidency of this institution that, during the campaign (for which each candidate chooses the ways and methods that he/sheintends to use), respect for the “universal fundamental ethical principles”, one of the foundations of Olympism, should prevail; considering that it is essential that, during this campaign, equality be observed between the candidates and an atmosphere of mutualrespect prevail amongst them; considering that, without calling into question the confidence that the candidates enjoy, the drafting and publication of directions derives from the need to ensure a degree of harmonisation in their conduct and to prevent anyexcesses, which their supporters might in good faith be led to commit; enacts:

ARTICLE 11. SCOPE

11.1 The present Directives apply from their publication until the end of the electoral campaign.

ARTICLE 12. GENERAL CONDUCT OF CANDIDATES

12.1 Each candidate may promote his/her candidature, subject to respecting the provisions of the present Directions.

12.2 The promotion of a candidature shall be conducted with dignity and moderation.

12.3 The conduct of the candidates shall comply with the provisions of the WBSC OCEANIA Code of Ethics.

ARTICLE 13. RELATIONS WITH MEMBERS OF THE CONGRESS AND NATIONAL FEDERATIONS

13.1 Candidature documentation: each candidate may present to his/her colleagues his/her plans and views as thefuture WBSC OCEANIA President, in the form of a written document, whatever the means used to distributed it. This documentshall be reserved only for Members of the Congress and National Federations, and the candidates shall refrain from participating in any promotional and/or communications campaign based on their written document. A copy shall be submitted tothe Ethics Commission secretariat.

13.2 Promotion: the promotion of a candidature for the WBSC OCEANIA presidency shall exclude any form of publicity, includingthe use of new media or social networks.

13.3 Trips: candidates shall limit the number of trips that they make with a view to promoting their candidature in order toavoid excessive expenditure, a factor of inequality amongst the candidates.

13.4 Meetings: no public meeting or gathering of any kind may be organised in the framework of promoting a candidature.

13.5 Assistance: no assistance, whether financial, material or in kind, be it direct or indirect, may be given to candidates by aMember of the Congress or a National Federation. If offered such assistance, the candidate concerned has the duty to refuse itand to inform the Ethics Commission accordingly.

13.6 Benefits: Candidates may in no case and under no pretext give presents, offer donations or gifts or grant advantages ofwhatever nature.

13.7 Promises: No candidate may enter into any promise or undertaking to be performed, whatever the timing of suchperformance, for the direct or indirect benefit of a Member of the Congress, a National Federation, an organisation, region orpartner.

13.8 Visits: visits between candidates and members are not encouraged. Any such visits organised specifically inconnection with a candidature shall be reported to the Secretary of the Ethics Commission.

13.9 Declarations: as the voting is secret, Members of the Congress and National Federations are prohibited individually orcollectively, from announcing publicly in any form whatsoever their intention to vote or from any public invitation to vote for acandidate.

ARTICLE 14. RELATIONS WITH TOP SPONSORS AND THIRD PARTIES

14.1 Neutrality: Members of the Congress, National Federations, TOP Sponsors and WBSC OCEANIA partners shall remainneutral.

14.2 They shall refrain from making any public declaration and may in no way support a candidature.

14.3 Mandatory instructions: candidates may not accept mandatory instructions from any public or private, natural or legal person.

14.4 Undertaking: candidates may not enter into any form of undertaking with any natural or legal person likely to affect thefreedom of decision or action of the future WBSC OCEANIA President.

14.5 Assistance: no direct or indirect assistance, be it financial, material or in kind, may be given to candidates by Members of the Congress, National Federations, TOP Sponsors and WBSC OCEANIA partners or other third party. If offered suchassistance, the candidate concerned has the duty to refuse it and to inform the Ethics Commission accordingly.

ARTICLE 15. RELATIONS WITH THE MEDIA

15.1 Publications: candidates may grant interviews to the media. No form of publicity may be devoted to a candidate regardlessof the backer. All communications undertaken by the candidate shall strictly respect the other candidates and shall in no way beprejudicial to any other candidate.

15.2 Debates: the candidates may not take part in any public debate, regardless of the organiser.

15.3 Communications services: no use of the services of a journalist or the media, free of charge or in return for payment, may be made in order to place a candidature at an advantage or a disadvantage.

ARTICLE 16. RELATIONS WITH OTHER CANDIDATES

16.1 Respect due to candidates: each candidate shall, in the framework of promoting his/her candidature, respect the othercandidates, the WBSC OCEANIA Members and the WBSC OCEANIA itself.

16.2 Prejudice to a candidature: a candidate may produce no spoken word, written text or representation of any nature likely to harm the image of another candidate or cause him/her prejudice.

16.3 Understandings: no understanding, coalition or collusion between candidates with the intent to influence the result ofthe vote is allowed.

ARTICLE 17. RELATIONS WITH THE WBSC OCEANIA ADMINISTRATION

17.1 General relations: the WBSC OCEANIA administration shall maintain a strict duty of neutrality at all times. The members ofthe administration shall limit their relations with the candidates strictly to the content of their mission.

17.2 Support: no support or service in relation to a candidature may be requested from any member of the WBSC OCEANIA administration, from a department or other section of such administration.

17.3 Concealed promotion: concealed promotion in the form of technical meetings or other events is prohibited. These maybe added to the official calendar of events only with the approval of the WBSC OCEANIA President.

ARTICLE 18. BREACHES OF THE DIRECTIONS

18.1 Competent body: any interested party shall bring any breach of these Directions to the attention of the EthicsCommission, which will undertake an inquiry.

18.2 Sanctions: if there is proof of a breach of these Directions, the Ethics Commission may make to the candidate inquestion:

  • observations, which could be made public,
  • or issue a warning, which will be automatically made public on the WBSC OCEANIA website.

In the event of a serious breach of these Directions, the case shall be referred to the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Board forpossible sanctions.

CHAPTER 111 – RULES CONCERNING CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS AFFECTING THE BEHAVIOUR OF WBSC PARTIES

ARTICLE 19. SCOPE OF APPLICATION

19.1 These Rules apply to WBSC OCEANIA parties as defined by the WBSC OCEANIA Code of Ethics preamble.

ARTICLE 20. DEFINITION

20.1 In the context of the provisions of these Rules, a distinction is made between the situation of a “potential conflict ofinterests” and the case of a “conflict of interests”. Only conflicts of interests are prohibited.

20.2 A situation of a potential conflict of interests arises when the opinion or decision of a person, acting alone or within anorganisation, in the framework of the activities of the physical or legal persons defined in article 19 above, may be reasonablyconsidered as liable to be influenced by relations that the aforementioned person has, has had or is on the point of havingwith another person or organisation that would be affected by the person’s opinion or decision.

20.3 A case of conflict of interests is constituted when any person who, having abstained from declaring a situation of a potentialconflict of interests, expresses an opinion or takes a decision in the circumstances described in the above paragraph.

ARTICLE 21. TYPES OF INTERESTS TO TAKE INTO CONSIDERATION

21.1 In assessing the situations described in article 20 above, direct as well as indirect interests must be taken into account. This also includes the interests of a third person (parent, spouse, relation or dependent). In the following non-exhaustive list of examples, the circumstances in which a conflict of interests could arise are:

  • personal and/or material involvement (salary, shareholding, various benefits) with suppliers of the WBSC OCEANIA party concerned;
  • personal and/or material involvement with sponsors, broadcasters, various contracting parties;
  • personal and/or material involvement with an organisation liable to benefit from the assistance of the WBSC OCEANIA party concerned (including subsidy, agreement or election).

ARTICLE 22. RESOLUTION OF POSSIBLE CONFLICTS OF INTERESTS

22.1 It is the personal responsibility of each person to avoid any case of conflict of interests.

22.2 Faced with a situation of a potential conflict of interests, the person concerned must refrain from expressing an opinion,from making or participating in making a decision or accepting any form of benefit whatsoever. However, if the person wishesto continue to act or if the person is uncertain as to the steps to take, the person must inform the WBSC OCEANIA EthicsCommission of the situation, who then takes the steps foreseen below.

22.3 The WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission is responsible for advising persons, at their request, in a situation of apotential conflict of interests. The person concerned is then offered a solution from the following options:

  • registering the declaration without any particular measure;
  • removal of the person involved from part or all of the action or from the decision of the Olympic party at theroot of the conflict;
  • relinquishment of the management of the external interest causing the conflict.
  • any complementary measures.

22.4 The person concerned then takes the steps that he/she considers appropriate.

22.5 The information given and the whole process will be kept confidential.

ARTICLE 23. UNDECLARED OR ACTUAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST

23.1 In the event that a person neglects to declare a situation of a potential conflict of interests, and/or is in an actual situation of conflict of interests, the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission may refer the case to the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Boardproposing disciplinary sanctions as per this Code or the Disciplinary Rules By-Law.

ARTICLE 24. SPECIFIC PROVISIONS

24.1 Prior to examination, by the WBSC OCEANIA Executive Board, of a candidature for election as a WBSC OCEANIA Member, a candidate must declare any risks of conflicts of interests to the WBSC OCEANIA Ethics Commission. The attention ofthe candidate may be drawn to any potential conflicts of interests identified. This does not exempt the candidate concerned from making subsequent declarations pursuant to Article 22.

CHAPTER IV – BASIC UNIVERSAL PRINCIPLES OF GOOD GOVERNANCE OF THE INTERNATIONAL BASEBALL/SOFTBALL FAMILY

The following articles are inspired by the IOC Code of Ethics chapter dedicated to Basic Universal Principles of Good Governance of the Olympic and Sports Movement.

ARTICLE 25. PRINCIPLE 1 – VISION, MISSION AND STRATEGY

25.1 Vision: the vision and overall goals of the organisations have to be clearly defined and communicated.

25.2 Mission: the mission should include:

  • development and promotion of sport through non-profit organisations,
  • promotion of the values of sport,
  • organisation of competitions,
  • ensuring a fair sporting contest at all times,
  • protection of the members and particularly the athletes,
  • solidarity,
  • respect for the environment.

25.3 Strategy: the strategy is to be aligned with the vision and regularly adapted to the environment. The strategy ofsporting organisations should be elaborated at the highest level of the organisation.

ARTICLE 26. PRINCIPLE 2 – STRUCTURES, REGULATIONS AND DEMOCRATIC PROCESS

26.1 Structures: all sports organisations in the International Baseball/Softball Family should be based on the concept ofmembership within entities established in accordance with applicable laws. The sports organisations should include as members legal or physical persons who constitute the organisation and contribute to form the will of the organisation. Thestakeholders of the organisation encompass all members who make up the organisation as well as all external entities who areinvolved and have a link, relation with or interest in the organisation.

26.2 Clear regulations: all regulations of each organisation and governing body, including but not limited to, statutes, constitutions and other procedural regulations, should be clear, transparent, disclosed, publicised and made readily available. Clear regulations allow understanding, predictability and facilitate good governance. The procedure to modify oramend the regulations should also be clear and transparent.

26.3 Governing bodies: the size of the governing bodies should be adequate and consistent with the size of the sportsorganisations. The tasks and responsibilities of the governing bodies should be clearly defined in the applicable regulations andshould be adapted and reviewed as necessary. Governing bodies should be entitled to create standing or ad hoc committees withspecific responsibilities, in order to help them in their tasks. The organisation should set out and adopt reliable andappropriate criteria for the election or appointment of members of the governing bodies so as to ensure a high level ofcompetence, quality and good governance.

26.4 Representative governing bodies: members of the organisation should be represented within the governing bodies, particularly women and athletes. Special care should be taken for protection and representation of minority groups.

26.5 Democratic processes: democratic processes, such as elections, should be governed by clear, transparent and fairrules.

26.6 Attributions of the respective bodies: a clear allocation of responsibilities between the different bodies such asgeneral assembly, executive body, committees or disciplinary bodies, should be determined. There should be a balance ofpower between the bodies responsible for the management, supervision and control of the sporting organisations: principle ofchecks and balances.

26.7 Decision-making: all members of the sports organisations shall have the right to express their opinion on the issues onthe agenda through appropriate channels. Members shall have the right to vote and be able to exercise that right in appropriateform as defined in the regulations of the governing body. Decision-making bodies should be fully aware of all relevantinformation before taking a decision. Bodies of the organisation should meet on a regular basis taking into consideration theirspecific duties and obligations.

26.8 Conflicts of interest: as a general principle, members of any decision-making body should be independent in theirdecisions. No-one with a personal or business interest in the issue under discussion should be involved in the decision. Adequate procedures should be established in order to avoid any conflicts of interests.

26.9 Election or renewal of office-bearers on a regular basis: the duration of the terms of office should be pre-determined inorder to allow election/renewal of office-bearers on a regular basis. Access for new candidates should be encouraged.

26.10 Decisions and appeals: any member affected by a decision of a disciplinary nature taken by any sports organisation should be offered the possibility to submit an appeal to an independent body within the sport’s jurisdictions. When decisions are taken against a member, special attention should be paid to the appropriate balance between transparency and protection of privacy.

ARTICLE 27. PRINCIPLE 3 – HIGHEST LEVEL OF COMPETENCE, INTEGRITY AND ETHICAL STANDARDS

27.1 Competence of the members of the executive body: members of the executive body should be chosen on the basis oftheir ability, competence, quality, leadership capacity, integrity and experience. The use of outside experts in specific fieldsshould be considered when necessary.

27.2 Power of signature: good governance implies proper financial monitoring. In order to avoid any abuse of powers ofrepresentation (in particular signing), adequate rules should be set up, approved and monitored at the highest level. Precise,clear and transparent regulations should be established and applied, and effective controlling systems and checks and balancesshould be put in place. As a general rule, individual signature should be avoided for binding obligations of an organisation.

27.3 Internal management, communication and coordination: good internal communication reinforces the efficiency of sporting organisations. Good information flow inside sporting organisations ensures good understanding by membership of activities undertaken and allows managers to make timely and informed decisions. Good working conditions and atmosphere as well as motivation and incentive policies are essential for the smooth functioning of the organisation.

27.4 Risk management: a clear and adequate risk-management process should be put in place. This is:

  • identification of potential risks for the sports organisations,
  • evaluation of risks,
  • control of risks,
  • monitoring of risks,
  • disclosure/transparency.

27.5 Appointment of the members of the management: leadership is above management. The majority of the members ofmanagement should be professional. Candidates should have professional competency and an impeccable professional history. The selection process should be based on objective criteria and should be set out clearly.

27.6 Code of Ethics and ethical issues: develop, adapt and implement ethical principles and rules. Ethical rules should refer to and be inspired by the IOC Code of Ethics. Monitor the implementation of ethical principles and rules.

ARTICLE 28. PRINCIPLE 4 – ACCOUNTABILITY, TRANSPARENCY AND CONTROL

28.1 Accountability: all bodies, whether elected or appointed, shall be accountable to the members of the organisation and, in certain cases, to their stakeholders. In particular, the executive body shall be accountable to the GeneralAssembly of the organisation. Management shall be accountable to the executive body. All employees shall be accountable tomanagement.

28.2 Processes and mechanisms: adequate standards and processes for accountability should be in place and available to allorganisations, and consistently applied and monitored. Clear and measurable objectives and targets must be set for theorganisation, its boards, management and staff, including also appropriate tools for assessment.

28.3 Transparency and communication: financial information should be disclosed gradually and in appropriate form to members,stakeholders and the public. Disclosure of financial information should be done on an annual basis. The financial statements ofsports organisations should be presented in a consistent way in order to be easily understood.

28.4 Financial matters – Applicable laws, rules, procedures and standards: accounts should be established in accordance with the applicable laws and “True and fair view” principle. The application of internationally recognised standards should be strongly encouraged in all sports organisations and required foran international body. For all organisations, annual financial statements are to be audited by independent and qualified auditors.Accountability and financial reports should be produced on a regular basis. Information about remuneration and financial

arrangements of the governing bodies’ members should be part of the annual accounts. Clear rules regarding remunerationof the members of governing bodies and managers should be enforced. Remuneration procedures should be transparent and predictable.

28.5 Internal control system: internal control of the financial processes and operations should be established within thesports organisations. The adoption of a compliance system, document retention system and information security system should be encouraged. The structure of the internal control system should depend on the size and importance of the organisation. Audit committees should be appointed for large sports organisations.

28.6 Education and training: there should be an induction program for all new members of staff, volunteer officers and allboard members. Ongoing education and training of executives, volunteers and employees should be integral to operations. Thepromotion of self-education and regular training within the sports organisations should be encouraged.

ARTICLE 29. PRINCIPLE 5 – SOLIDARITY AND DEVELOPMENT

29.1 Distribution of resources: as a principle, financial resources which are proceeds of sport should be allocated to sport and in particular to its development after covering all necessary sports-related costs. Financial revenues should be distributed ina fair and efficient manner. A fair distribution of the financial revenues contributes to having balanced and attractive competitions. A clear and transparent policy for the allocation of the financial revenues is essential.

29.2 Equity: resources should be distributed equitably. The equity in sport should be reinforced. The right to participate in competitions should be encouraged and secured for those at an appropriate level for the athletes concerned. Theopportunity to organise large sports events should be open. The criteria for choosing venues for events should be fair andtransparent.

29.3 Development: the development of partnership relations between different sports organisations in developing countries should be encouraged. The expansion of sports facilities in developing countries should be promoted.

ARTICLE 30. PRINCIPLE 6 – ATHLETES’ INVOLVEMENT, PARTICIPATION AND CARE

30.1 Right to participate and involvement of the athletes in the International Baseball/Softball Family and governing bodies: theright of athletes to participate in sports competitions at an appropriate level should be protected. Sports organisations must refrainfrom any discrimination. The voice of the athletes should be heard in sporting organisations.

30.2 Protection of athletes: measures should be taken to prohibit exploitation of young athletes. Athletes should be protected from unscrupulous recruiters and agents. Cooperation with the government of the countries concerned should be developed.Codes of conduct should be signed by all sports organisations.

30.3 Health: ports organisations shall adopt rules for the protection of the athletes’ health and to limit the risk ofendangering the athletes’ health (medical supervision, number of days of competition, pollution, etc.).

30.4 Fight against doping: sports organisations shall fight against doping and uphold an anti- doping policy. Zero tolerancein the fight against doping should be encouraged in all sports organisations at all levels. Sports organisations shall protect the athletes from doping in particular through prevention and education.

30.5 Insurance: insurance in case of death or serious injury is to be recommended for all athletes and should be mandatory foryoung junior athletes. Whenever and wherever possible, athletes should be provided with social security coverage. Specialinsurance policies should be available for professional athletes. The organisers of sports events should obtain adequate insurance coverage.

30.6 Fairness and fair play: fairness and fair play are central elements of the competition. Fair play is the spirit of sport. Thevalues of sport and friendship shall be promoted.

30.7 Athletes’ education and career management: educational programs, developing in particular “Sport and Studies”programs, should be encouraged. Career management programs should be promoted. Training professional athletes for newprofessional opportunities after their sports careers should be encouraged.

ARTICLE 31. PRINCIPLE 7 – HARMONIOUS RELATIONS WITH GOVERNMENTS WHILEPRESERVING AUTONOMY

31.1 Cooperation, coordination and consultation: sporting organisations should coordinate their actions with governments.Cooperation with governments is an essential element in the framework of sporting activities. Cooperation, coordination andconsultation are the best way for sporting organisations to preserve their autonomy.

31.2 Complementary mission: governments, constituents of the International Baseball/Softball Family, other sports organisations and stakeholders have a complementary mission and should work together towards the same goals.

31.3 Maintain and preserve the autonomy of sport: the right balance between governments, the International Baseball/Softball Family and sporting organisations should be ensured.

CHAPTER V – RULES ON THE PREVENTION OF THE MANIPULATION OF COMPETITIONS

Refer to the By-Law regarding Sports Betting.

CHAPTER VI- WBSC OCEANIA ETHICS COMMISSION

Refer to the By-Law regarding Commissions.

CHAPTER I

ARTICLE 1. PREAMBLE

1.1 This draft refers to the Framework drawn up by WBSC OCEANIA to safeguard athletes and other participants fromharassment and abuse during WBSC OCEANIA events.

1.2 WBSC OCEANIA as the governing body of the sports of Baseball/Softball in the Oceania region, commits to provide aframework within which all the people involved with the Baseball/Softball global community can feel protected via officialreporting channels.

1.3 This Framework is pursuant to Olympic Agenda 2020, Recommendation 18:
Strengthen support to athletes, and the 2015 7th IOC International Athletes Forum, Recommendation 2d: Development of education materials on all issues of athlete welfare, including non- discrimination, prevention of harassment and abuse in sport. It has been established by the Athletes’, the Athletes’ Entourage, Medical and Scientific andWomen in Sport Commissions of the International Olympic Committee (the “IOC”).

1.5 This Framework is supported by Article 1.4 of the IOC Code of Ethics which states:
“Respect for the universal fundamental ethical principles is the foundation of Olympism…
These include Respect for international conventions on protecting human rights insofar as they apply to the OlympicGames’ activities and which ensure in particular rejection of all forms of harassment, be it physical, professional or sexual,and any physical or mental injuries.”

1.6 WBSC OCEANIA is adopting this framework in the spirit of creating coherence of messaging within the Olympic Movement stakeholders.

ARTICLE 2. TERMINOLOGY

2.1 Safeguarding refers to the processes and mechanisms of ensuring that sports and sporting events are safe settingsfor all and in which human rights are fully respected.

2.2 A complete definition of harassment and abuse can be found in the IOC Consensus Statement: harassment and abuse (non-accidental violence) in sport (Annex 1), paper which WBSC OCEANIA fully supports.

ARTICLE 3. REJECTION OF HARASSMENT AND ABUSE STATEMENT

3.1 Any form of discrimination, physical or sexual abuse and sexual harassment are completely incompatible with the intrinsicvalues of sports. Within WBSC OCEANIA there is zero tolerance for discrimination and harassment irrespective of genderethnic background religious faith, sexual orientation and disability.

ARTICLE 4. SCOPE OF APPLICATION

4.1 This Framework applies:

  1. During any WBSC OCEANIA event;
  2. To all participants of any WBSC OCEANIA Event;
  3. c. To alleged incidents of harassment and abuse.

4.2 For the purposes of this Framework:

4.2.1 “Participants” shall mean all those, individual competitors (Athletes) and teams, officials, managers andother members of any delegation, referees and jury members and all other accredited persons;

4.2.2 The “WBSC OCEANIA Event” shall mean the entire duration of the competition, including the travelling time;

4.2.3 “Harassment” as stated in Article 1.4 of the IOC Code of Ethics or “harassment and abuse” includes psychological abuse, physical abuse, sexual harassment and neglect. These forms of harassment and abusemay occur in combination or in isolation.

4.2.3.1 “Psychological abuse” means any unwelcome act including confinement, isolation, verbal assault, humiliation, intimidation, infantilisation, or any other treatment which may diminish the sense of identity, dignity and self-worth.

4.2.3.2 “Physical abuse” means any deliberate and unwelcome act - such as for example punching, beating,kicking, biting and burning - that causes physical trauma or injury. Such act can also consist of forced orinappropriate physical activity (e.g., age-, or physique- inappropriate training loads; when injured or in pain), forced alcohol consumption, or forced doping practices.

4.2.3.3 “Sexual harassment” means any verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature, which is unwelcome, orwhere consent is coerced, manipulated or cannot be given. Sexual harassment can take the form of sexual abuse.

4.2.3.4 “Neglect” within the meaning of these Guidelines means the failure of a coach or another person with aduty of care towards the athlete to provide a minimum level of care to the athlete, which is causing harm, allowing harm to be caused, or creating an imminent danger of harm.

Harassment and abuse can be based on any grounds including race, religion, colour, creed, ethnic origin, physical attributes, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, socio- economic status and athletic ability. It caninclude a one-off incident or a series of incidents. It may be in person or online. Harassment may be deliberate,unsolicited and coercive.

Harassment and abuse often result from an abuse of authority, meaning the improper use of a position ofinfluence, power or authority by an individual against another person.

Further details and examples of what can constitute harassment and abuse can be found in the IOC Consensus Statement: harassment and abuse (non accidental violence) in sport (Annex 1).

CHAPTER II – SAFEGUARD PROCEDURE DURING WBSC OCEANIA EVENTS

During WBSC OCEANIA Events, the following articles of the WBSC OCEANIA Framework for safeguarding athletes and other participants from harassment and abuse will apply.

ARTICLE 5. PREVENTIVE MEASURES

5.1 IOC and WBSC educational materials and other information regarding harassment and abuse in sport will beavailable to athletes and other participants including their respective entourages prior to, during and after the WBSC OCEANIA Event, in particular explaining what may constitute harassment and abuse, and where athletes and other participants and their respective entourages may seek further information, advice and support.

ARTICLE 6. THE WBSC OCEANIA SAFEGUARDING OFFICER

6.1 There will be a WBSC OCEANIA Safeguarding Officer nominated and available 24/7 throughout the WBSC OCEANIA Event. He/she shall be responsible for:

6.1.1Documenting all reports of harassment and abuse during the WBSC OCEANIA Event;

6.1.2 Determining whether a follow-up is warranted, and if so, following-up accordingly;

6.1.3 Recommending whether a case should be:

  1. Submitted to the WBSC OCEANIA Athletes’ Commission and to the Ethics Commission; and
  2. Notified to local authorities, as appropriate and necessary pursuant to local law. Forclarity, the local authorities are responsible for determining whether to conduct criminal investigation in relation to an alleged incident; and

6.1.4 Providing support to any concerned persons.

ARTICLE 7. REPORTING AND PROCEDURE FOR ADDRESSING INCIDENTS OF HARASSMENT AND ABUSE

7.1 Reporting:

7.1.1 Anyone may report an incident of harassment and abuse.

7.1.2 A number of reporting channels through which an alleged incident of harassment and abuse may be reported will be communicated prior to the WBSC OCEANIA Event. Reporting channels may include, in particular:

  1. The WBSC OCEANIA Safeguarding Officer
  2. Dedicated email address;
  3. Dedicated physical address for anonymous reports;
  4. The WBSC OCEANIA office
  5. Any WBSC OCEANIA officia

7.1.3 The designated WBSC OCEANIA Safeguarding Officer, the persons to whom an alleged incident of harassment and abuse may be reported to shall be identified and communicated prior to the WBSC OCEANIA Event and communicated to LOC and individually to each member of the delegations.

7.1.4 All reports through any reporting channel will be referred to the WBSC OCEANIA Safeguarding Officer.

7.1.5 Reports of harassment and abuse may be made in writing or verbally. The WBSC OCEANIA Safeguarding Officer shall ensure that such reports are documented. This documentation should include the name, title, address, contact information and signature of the reporting person. The documentation should also include information pertaining to thereasons and basis for the report, including any evidence which might suggest that harassment and abuse has occurred.Based on the particular facts as detailed in the reports, the IOC Safeguarding Officer will determine how to proceed witheach case.

7.2 Procedure:

7.2.1 If an alleged incident of harassment or abuse has occurred between persons belonging to the same National Federation Delegation, the incident shall be resolved by such NF with the support of the WBSC OCEANIA. Ifthe circumstances of the incident are such that could create a conflict of interest within the concerned National Federation Delegation, the matter shall be dealt directly by the WBSC OCEANIA.

7.3 Competent body:

7.3.1 The Athletes’ commission, in cooperation with the Ethics Commission, is the competent body for the athletes safeguarding procedures. All reported cases will be forwarded to the Athletes commission with theshortest delay. The Athlete commission shall investigate and report on each case at the following WBSC OCEANIA Executive Board. The report shall include:

  1. a summary of the case;
  2. proposed sanctions where applicable; and
  3. c. proposed preventive measures – where applicable and in accordance with the WBSC OCEANIA Disciplinary Code.

ARTICLE 8. CONFIDENTIALITY

8.1 All matters pertaining to an alleged incident of harassment and abuse, in particular reports of harassment and abuse, personal information of the concerned persons, other information gathered during investigations and results of investigations (“Confidential Information”) shall be regarded as confidential.

8.2 The WBSC OCEANIA may disclose Confidential Information to appropriate persons or authorities if:

  1. a failure to disclose such information may cause harm to someone,or
  2. such information relates to a potential criminal act that comes to the attention of the WBSC OCEANIA.

8.3 The decisions taken by the Executive Board following the report of the Athletes’ Commission shall, in principle,include confidential information and shall be publically disclosed by the WBSC OCEANIA. When disclosing such decisions,the WBSC OCEANIA shall:

  1. not include any personal information of the victim without obtaining the victim’s consent; and
  2. anonymises personal information of other concerned persons in certain cases, taking into consideration the privacy interests of such concerned persons.

8.4 All data collected through reporting and procedures shall be recorded and stored by WBSC OCEANIA and kept under this confidentiality policy.

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